חיפוש מתקדם
Frontiers in Plant Science
Oliva, M., Department of Ornamental Plants and Agricultural Biotechnology, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Rishon LeZion, Israel, Department of Plant Sciences, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
Bar, E., Department of Vegetable Crops, Newe Ya’ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Ramat Yishay, Israel
Ovadia, R., Department of Ornamental Plants and Agricultural Biotechnology, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Rishon LeZion, Israel
Perl, A., Department of Fruit Tree Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Rishon LeZion, Israel
Galili, G., Department of Plant Sciences, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
Lewinsohn, E., Department of Vegetable Crops, Newe Ya’ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Ramat Yishay, Israel
Oren-Shamir, M., Department of Ornamental Plants and Agricultural Biotechnology, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Rishon LeZion, Israel
Phenylalanine (Phe) is a precursor for a large group of plant specialized metabolites, including the fragrant volatile benzenoid–phenylpropanoids (BPs). In plants, the main pathway leading to production of Phe is via arogenate, while the pathway via phenylpyruvate (PPY) is considered merely an alternative route. Unlike plants, in most microorganisms the only pathway leading to the synthesis of Phe is via PPY. Here we studied the effect of increased PPY production in petunia on the formation of BPs volatiles and other specialized metabolites originating from Phe both in flowers and leaves. Stimulation of the pathway via PPY was achieved by transforming petunia with PheA*, a gene encoding a bacterial feedback insensitive bi-functional chorismate mutase/prephenate dehydratase enzyme. PheA* overexpression caused dramatic increase in the levels of flower BP volatiles such as phenylacetaldehyde, benzaldehyde, benzyl acetate, vanillin, and eugenol. All three BP pathways characterized in petunia flowers were stimulated in PheA* flowers. In contrast, PheA* overexpression had only a minor effect on the levels of amino acids and non-volatile metabolites both in the leaves and flowers. The one exception is a dramatic increase in the level of rosmarinate, a conjugate between Phe-derived caffeate and Tyr-derived 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetate, in PheA* leaves. PheA* petunia flowers may serve as an excellent system for revealing the role of PPY in the production of BPs, including possible routes directly converting PPY to the fragrant volatiles. This study emphasizes the potential of the PPY route in achieving fragrance enhancement in flowering plants. © 2017 Oliva, Bar, Ovadia, Perl, Galili, Lewinsohn and Oren-Shamir.
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Phenylpyruvate contributes to the synthesis of fragrant benzenoid–phenylpropanoids in petunia × hybrida flowers
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Oliva, M., Department of Ornamental Plants and Agricultural Biotechnology, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Rishon LeZion, Israel, Department of Plant Sciences, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
Bar, E., Department of Vegetable Crops, Newe Ya’ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Ramat Yishay, Israel
Ovadia, R., Department of Ornamental Plants and Agricultural Biotechnology, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Rishon LeZion, Israel
Perl, A., Department of Fruit Tree Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Rishon LeZion, Israel
Galili, G., Department of Plant Sciences, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
Lewinsohn, E., Department of Vegetable Crops, Newe Ya’ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Ramat Yishay, Israel
Oren-Shamir, M., Department of Ornamental Plants and Agricultural Biotechnology, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Rishon LeZion, Israel
Phenylpyruvate contributes to the synthesis of fragrant benzenoid–phenylpropanoids in petunia × hybrida flowers
Phenylalanine (Phe) is a precursor for a large group of plant specialized metabolites, including the fragrant volatile benzenoid–phenylpropanoids (BPs). In plants, the main pathway leading to production of Phe is via arogenate, while the pathway via phenylpyruvate (PPY) is considered merely an alternative route. Unlike plants, in most microorganisms the only pathway leading to the synthesis of Phe is via PPY. Here we studied the effect of increased PPY production in petunia on the formation of BPs volatiles and other specialized metabolites originating from Phe both in flowers and leaves. Stimulation of the pathway via PPY was achieved by transforming petunia with PheA*, a gene encoding a bacterial feedback insensitive bi-functional chorismate mutase/prephenate dehydratase enzyme. PheA* overexpression caused dramatic increase in the levels of flower BP volatiles such as phenylacetaldehyde, benzaldehyde, benzyl acetate, vanillin, and eugenol. All three BP pathways characterized in petunia flowers were stimulated in PheA* flowers. In contrast, PheA* overexpression had only a minor effect on the levels of amino acids and non-volatile metabolites both in the leaves and flowers. The one exception is a dramatic increase in the level of rosmarinate, a conjugate between Phe-derived caffeate and Tyr-derived 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetate, in PheA* leaves. PheA* petunia flowers may serve as an excellent system for revealing the role of PPY in the production of BPs, including possible routes directly converting PPY to the fragrant volatiles. This study emphasizes the potential of the PPY route in achieving fragrance enhancement in flowering plants. © 2017 Oliva, Bar, Ovadia, Perl, Galili, Lewinsohn and Oren-Shamir.
Scientific Publication
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