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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Programmed cell death occurs asymmetrically during abscission in tomato
Year:
2011
Source of publication :
Plant Cell
Authors :
בורד, שאול
;
.
בר-דרור, טל
;
.
לרס, אמנון
;
.
מאיר, שמעון
;
.
סונגו, ליליאן
;
.
פילוסוף-הדס, סוניה
;
.
Volume :
23
Co-Authors:
Bar-Dror, T., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel, The Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food, and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Dermastia, M., Department of Biotechnology and Systems Biology, National Institute of Biology, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Kladnik, A., Department of Biology, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Žnidarič, M.T., Department of Biotechnology and Systems Biology, National Institute of Biology, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Novak, M.P., Department of Biotechnology and Systems Biology, National Institute of Biology, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Meir, S., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Burd, S., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Philosoph-Hadas, S., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Ori, N., The Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food, and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Sonego, L., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Dickman, M.B., Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, Institute for Plant Genomics and Biotechnology, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843, United States
Lers, A., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
4146
To page:
4163
(
Total pages:
18
)
Abstract:
Abscission occurs specifically in the abscission zone (AZ) tissue as a natural stage of plant development. Previously, we observed delay of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) leaf abscission when the LX ribonuclease (LX) was inhibited. The known association between LX expression and programmed cell death (PCD) suggested involvement of PCD in abscission. In this study, hallmarks of PCD were identified in the tomato leaf and flower AZs during the late stage of abscission. These included loss of cell viability, altered nuclear morphology, DNA fragmentation, elevated levels of reactive oxygen species and enzymatic activities, and expression of PCD-associated genes. Overexpression of antiapoptotic proteins resulted in retarded abscission, indicating PCD requirement. PCD, LX, and nuclease gene expression were visualized primarily in the AZ distal tissue, demonstrating an asymmetry between the two AZ sides. Asymmetric expression was observed for genes associated with cell wall hydrolysis, leading to AZ, or associated with ethylene biosynthesis, which induces abscission. These results suggest that different abscission-related processes occur asymmetrically between the AZ proximal and distal sides. Taken together, our findings identify PCD as a key mechanism that occurs asymmetrically during normal progression of abscission and suggest an important role for LX in this PCD process. © American Society of Plant Biologists. All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
apoptosis
DNA fragmentation
ethylene
Genetics
metabolism
molecular genetics
Molecular Sequence Data
reactive oxygen species
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1105/tpc.111.092494
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
18396
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:21
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Programmed cell death occurs asymmetrically during abscission in tomato
23
Bar-Dror, T., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel, The Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food, and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Dermastia, M., Department of Biotechnology and Systems Biology, National Institute of Biology, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Kladnik, A., Department of Biology, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Žnidarič, M.T., Department of Biotechnology and Systems Biology, National Institute of Biology, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Novak, M.P., Department of Biotechnology and Systems Biology, National Institute of Biology, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Meir, S., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Burd, S., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Philosoph-Hadas, S., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Ori, N., The Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food, and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Sonego, L., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Dickman, M.B., Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, Institute for Plant Genomics and Biotechnology, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843, United States
Lers, A., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Programmed cell death occurs asymmetrically during abscission in tomato
Abscission occurs specifically in the abscission zone (AZ) tissue as a natural stage of plant development. Previously, we observed delay of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) leaf abscission when the LX ribonuclease (LX) was inhibited. The known association between LX expression and programmed cell death (PCD) suggested involvement of PCD in abscission. In this study, hallmarks of PCD were identified in the tomato leaf and flower AZs during the late stage of abscission. These included loss of cell viability, altered nuclear morphology, DNA fragmentation, elevated levels of reactive oxygen species and enzymatic activities, and expression of PCD-associated genes. Overexpression of antiapoptotic proteins resulted in retarded abscission, indicating PCD requirement. PCD, LX, and nuclease gene expression were visualized primarily in the AZ distal tissue, demonstrating an asymmetry between the two AZ sides. Asymmetric expression was observed for genes associated with cell wall hydrolysis, leading to AZ, or associated with ethylene biosynthesis, which induces abscission. These results suggest that different abscission-related processes occur asymmetrically between the AZ proximal and distal sides. Taken together, our findings identify PCD as a key mechanism that occurs asymmetrically during normal progression of abscission and suggest an important role for LX in this PCD process. © American Society of Plant Biologists. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
You may also be interested in