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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
An auxin-responsive 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase is responsible for differential ethylene production in gravistimulated Antirrhinum majus L. flower stems
Year:
2005
Source of publication :
Planta
Authors :
פילוסוף-הדס, סוניה
;
.
פרידמן, חיה
;
.
Volume :
220
Co-Authors:
Woltering, E.J., Agrotechnology and Food Innovations, Wageningen Univ. and Research Center, PO BOX 17, 6700 AA Wageningen, Netherlands
Balk, P.A., Agrotechnology and Food Innovations, Wageningen Univ. and Research Center, PO BOX 17, 6700 AA Wageningen, Netherlands
Nijenhuis-deVries, M.A., Agrotechnology and Food Innovations, Wageningen Univ. and Research Center, PO BOX 17, 6700 AA Wageningen, Netherlands
Faivre, M., Agrotechnology and Food Innovations, Wageningen Univ. and Research Center, PO BOX 17, 6700 AA Wageningen, Netherlands
Ruys, G., Agrotechnology and Food Innovations, Wageningen Univ. and Research Center, PO BOX 17, 6700 AA Wageningen, Netherlands, Laboratory of Plant Genetics, Wageningen Univ. and Research Center, PO BOX 9101, 6700 HB Wageningen, Netherlands
Somhorst, D., Agrotechnology and Food Innovations, Wageningen Univ. and Research Center, PO BOX 17, 6700 AA Wageningen, Netherlands
Philosoph-Hadas, S., Dept. Postharvest Sci. Fresh Produce, ARO, Volcani Center, PO BOX 6, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
Friedman, H., Dept. Postharvest Sci. Fresh Produce, ARO, Volcani Center, PO BOX 6, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
403
To page:
413
(
Total pages:
11
)
Abstract:
The regulation of gravistimulation-induced ethylene production and its role in gravitropic bending was studied in Antirrhinum majus L. cut flower stems. Gravistimulation increased ethylene production in both lower and upper halves of the stems with much higher levels observed in the lower half. Expression patterns of three different 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) synthase (ACS) genes, an ACC oxidase (ACO) and an ethylene receptor (ETR/ERS homolog) gene were studied in the bending zone of gravistimulated stems and in excised stem sections following treatment with different chemicals. One of the ACS genes (Am-ACS3) was abundantly expressed in the bending zone cortex at the lower side of the stems within 2 h of gravistimulation. Am-ACS3 was not expressed in vertical stems or in other parts of (gravistimulated) stems, leaves or flowers. Am-ACS3 was strongly induced by indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) but not responsive to ethylene. The Am-ACS3 expression pattern strongly suggests that Am-ACS3 is responsible for the observed differential ethylene production in gravistimulated stems; its responsiveness to IAA suggests that Am-ACS3 expression reflects changes in auxin signalling. Am-ACS1 also showed increased expression in gravistimulated and IAA-treated stems although to a much lesser extent than Am-ACS3. In contrast to Am-ACS3, Am-ACS1 was also expressed in non-bending regions of vertical and gravistimulated stems and in leaves, and Am-ACS1 expression was not confined to the lower side cortex but evenly distributed over the diameter of the stem. Am-ACO and Am-ETR/ERS expression was increased in both the lower and upper halves of gravistimulated stems. Expression of both Am-ACO and Am-ETR/ERS was responsive to ethylene, suggesting regulation by IAA-dependent differential ethylene production. Am-ACO expression and in vivo ACO activity, in addition, were induced by IAA, independent of the IAA-induced ethylene. IAA-induced growth of vertical stem sections and bending of gravistimulated flowering stems were little affected by ethylene or 1-methylcyclopropene treatments, indicating that the differential ethylene production plays no pivotal role in the kinetics of gravitropic bending. © Springer-Verlag 2004.
Note:
Related Files :
Genetics
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1007/s00425-004-1359-6
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
18427
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:21
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Scientific Publication
An auxin-responsive 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase is responsible for differential ethylene production in gravistimulated Antirrhinum majus L. flower stems
220
Woltering, E.J., Agrotechnology and Food Innovations, Wageningen Univ. and Research Center, PO BOX 17, 6700 AA Wageningen, Netherlands
Balk, P.A., Agrotechnology and Food Innovations, Wageningen Univ. and Research Center, PO BOX 17, 6700 AA Wageningen, Netherlands
Nijenhuis-deVries, M.A., Agrotechnology and Food Innovations, Wageningen Univ. and Research Center, PO BOX 17, 6700 AA Wageningen, Netherlands
Faivre, M., Agrotechnology and Food Innovations, Wageningen Univ. and Research Center, PO BOX 17, 6700 AA Wageningen, Netherlands
Ruys, G., Agrotechnology and Food Innovations, Wageningen Univ. and Research Center, PO BOX 17, 6700 AA Wageningen, Netherlands, Laboratory of Plant Genetics, Wageningen Univ. and Research Center, PO BOX 9101, 6700 HB Wageningen, Netherlands
Somhorst, D., Agrotechnology and Food Innovations, Wageningen Univ. and Research Center, PO BOX 17, 6700 AA Wageningen, Netherlands
Philosoph-Hadas, S., Dept. Postharvest Sci. Fresh Produce, ARO, Volcani Center, PO BOX 6, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
Friedman, H., Dept. Postharvest Sci. Fresh Produce, ARO, Volcani Center, PO BOX 6, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
An auxin-responsive 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase is responsible for differential ethylene production in gravistimulated Antirrhinum majus L. flower stems
The regulation of gravistimulation-induced ethylene production and its role in gravitropic bending was studied in Antirrhinum majus L. cut flower stems. Gravistimulation increased ethylene production in both lower and upper halves of the stems with much higher levels observed in the lower half. Expression patterns of three different 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) synthase (ACS) genes, an ACC oxidase (ACO) and an ethylene receptor (ETR/ERS homolog) gene were studied in the bending zone of gravistimulated stems and in excised stem sections following treatment with different chemicals. One of the ACS genes (Am-ACS3) was abundantly expressed in the bending zone cortex at the lower side of the stems within 2 h of gravistimulation. Am-ACS3 was not expressed in vertical stems or in other parts of (gravistimulated) stems, leaves or flowers. Am-ACS3 was strongly induced by indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) but not responsive to ethylene. The Am-ACS3 expression pattern strongly suggests that Am-ACS3 is responsible for the observed differential ethylene production in gravistimulated stems; its responsiveness to IAA suggests that Am-ACS3 expression reflects changes in auxin signalling. Am-ACS1 also showed increased expression in gravistimulated and IAA-treated stems although to a much lesser extent than Am-ACS3. In contrast to Am-ACS3, Am-ACS1 was also expressed in non-bending regions of vertical and gravistimulated stems and in leaves, and Am-ACS1 expression was not confined to the lower side cortex but evenly distributed over the diameter of the stem. Am-ACO and Am-ETR/ERS expression was increased in both the lower and upper halves of gravistimulated stems. Expression of both Am-ACO and Am-ETR/ERS was responsive to ethylene, suggesting regulation by IAA-dependent differential ethylene production. Am-ACO expression and in vivo ACO activity, in addition, were induced by IAA, independent of the IAA-induced ethylene. IAA-induced growth of vertical stem sections and bending of gravistimulated flowering stems were little affected by ethylene or 1-methylcyclopropene treatments, indicating that the differential ethylene production plays no pivotal role in the kinetics of gravitropic bending. © Springer-Verlag 2004.
Scientific Publication
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