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אסיף מאגר המחקר החקלאי
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Rapid selection of peach rootstocks tolerant to boron and chloride
Year:
2008
Source of publication :
Acta Horticulturae
Authors :
דוד, ישראל
;
.
זילכה, שמואל
;
.
ינאי, אסף
;
.
Volume :
772
Co-Authors:
Zilkah, S., Institute of Plant Sciences, Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Yanai, A., Institute of Plant Sciences, Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
David, I., Institute of Plant Sciences, Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
249
To page:
252
(
Total pages:
4
)
Abstract:
In regions with fresh water shortages, reclaimed sewage water is used increasingly for irrigation of peach and other stone fruit species. Boron and chloride are dominant ingredients in sewage water that might subsequently be concentrated in the soil solution up to phytotoxic levels. The main objective of the present study was to select rootstocks tolerant to toxic levels of boron (B) and chloride (Cl). Commercial peach 'GF 677', 'Hansen 536', 'Baladi', 'Miran', 'Kademan' and 'Ferciana' were grafted with the same scion peach 'Rhods' ('Swelling'). The trees were grown in pots with a perlite medium and screened for tolerance to B (5 and 2 ppm), Cl" (500 ppm) and Cl" (500 ppm)+B (2 ppm) applied continuously through the irrigation water. At the end of the first season of treatment applications, lower degrees of toxic symptoms were recorded on the leaves and branches of the scion grafted on 'Ferciana' than on the other rootstocks. B and Cl uptake was detected separately in roots, trunk+ branches and leaves. The ratios of roots/leaves and roots/trunk+branches of B and Cl concentrations was highest in 'Ferciana' rootstock, indicating that B and Cl are restricted from being transported from the roots to the upper parts of the plant. It seems that 'Ferciana' is potentially the more adaptable rootstock to phytotoxic levels of B and Cl relative to the other tested peach rootstocks.
Note:
Related Files :
'Ferciana'
irrigation
Prunus
Prunus persica
salinity
Sewage water
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר מתוך כינוס
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
18459
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:21
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Scientific Publication
Rapid selection of peach rootstocks tolerant to boron and chloride
772
Zilkah, S., Institute of Plant Sciences, Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Yanai, A., Institute of Plant Sciences, Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
David, I., Institute of Plant Sciences, Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Rapid selection of peach rootstocks tolerant to boron and chloride
In regions with fresh water shortages, reclaimed sewage water is used increasingly for irrigation of peach and other stone fruit species. Boron and chloride are dominant ingredients in sewage water that might subsequently be concentrated in the soil solution up to phytotoxic levels. The main objective of the present study was to select rootstocks tolerant to toxic levels of boron (B) and chloride (Cl). Commercial peach 'GF 677', 'Hansen 536', 'Baladi', 'Miran', 'Kademan' and 'Ferciana' were grafted with the same scion peach 'Rhods' ('Swelling'). The trees were grown in pots with a perlite medium and screened for tolerance to B (5 and 2 ppm), Cl" (500 ppm) and Cl" (500 ppm)+B (2 ppm) applied continuously through the irrigation water. At the end of the first season of treatment applications, lower degrees of toxic symptoms were recorded on the leaves and branches of the scion grafted on 'Ferciana' than on the other rootstocks. B and Cl uptake was detected separately in roots, trunk+ branches and leaves. The ratios of roots/leaves and roots/trunk+branches of B and Cl concentrations was highest in 'Ferciana' rootstock, indicating that B and Cl are restricted from being transported from the roots to the upper parts of the plant. It seems that 'Ferciana' is potentially the more adaptable rootstock to phytotoxic levels of B and Cl relative to the other tested peach rootstocks.
Scientific Publication
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