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Ben‐Ghedalia, D., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Yosef, E., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Fermentation patterns of lucerne silages were studied in laboratory silos. The treatments consisted of: (a) fresh (200 g kg>−l DM) lucerne, ensiled without any treatment (L); (b) lucerne wilted to 525 g kg−1 DM prior to ensilage (WL); (c) fresh lucerne + cotton stalks at a ratio of 60:40 on a dry matter (DM) basis (L + CS); and (d) fresh lucerne + ozone‐treated cotton stalks at the same ratio as above (L+O3). Silos were opened after 90 days and the silages analysed. The highest DM loss was found in the L silage (14·7%), whereas in the L+O3 silage DM loss was practically nil. Both wilting and the addition of untreated cotton stalks proved to be effective in reducing DM losses during fermentation. The production of lactic acid and volatile organic acids in the L+ O3 and WL silages was lower than in the L and L+CS silages. The poorest ability to preserve forage protein was found in the L silage, in which only 28 % of the protein was recovered after 90 days. The greatest ability to preserve protein was found in the L+O3 silage, in which 78 % of the protein was maintained. Ammonia production followed generally similar patterns. Amino acids underwent extensive degradation in the L silage. Recovery of amino acids in the WL silage was in the range 69–93 %, and in the L + O3 silage it was almost complete. Ozonated CS proved to be a good silage additive with respect to energy and protein preservation. Its future use in the field would allow direct ensilage of fresh leguminous material immediately after harvest, producing a high quality silage. Copyright © 1989 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
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תנאי שימוש
Ozonated cotton stalks as a silage additive: Fermentation data on lucerne with particular reference to protein degradation
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Ben‐Ghedalia, D., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Yosef, E., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Ozonated cotton stalks as a silage additive: Fermentation data on lucerne with particular reference to protein degradation
Fermentation patterns of lucerne silages were studied in laboratory silos. The treatments consisted of: (a) fresh (200 g kg>−l DM) lucerne, ensiled without any treatment (L); (b) lucerne wilted to 525 g kg−1 DM prior to ensilage (WL); (c) fresh lucerne + cotton stalks at a ratio of 60:40 on a dry matter (DM) basis (L + CS); and (d) fresh lucerne + ozone‐treated cotton stalks at the same ratio as above (L+O3). Silos were opened after 90 days and the silages analysed. The highest DM loss was found in the L silage (14·7%), whereas in the L+O3 silage DM loss was practically nil. Both wilting and the addition of untreated cotton stalks proved to be effective in reducing DM losses during fermentation. The production of lactic acid and volatile organic acids in the L+ O3 and WL silages was lower than in the L and L+CS silages. The poorest ability to preserve forage protein was found in the L silage, in which only 28 % of the protein was recovered after 90 days. The greatest ability to preserve protein was found in the L+O3 silage, in which 78 % of the protein was maintained. Ammonia production followed generally similar patterns. Amino acids underwent extensive degradation in the L silage. Recovery of amino acids in the WL silage was in the range 69–93 %, and in the L + O3 silage it was almost complete. Ozonated CS proved to be a good silage additive with respect to energy and protein preservation. Its future use in the field would allow direct ensilage of fresh leguminous material immediately after harvest, producing a high quality silage. Copyright © 1989 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Scientific Publication
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