חיפוש מתקדם
Poultry Science
Collin, A., UR83 Recherches Avicoles, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, F-37380 Nouzilly, France
Berri, C., UR83 Recherches Avicoles, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, F-37380 Nouzilly, France
Tesseraud, S., UR83 Recherches Avicoles, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, F-37380 Nouzilly, France
Requena Rodón, F.E., Producción Animal, Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agricolas, 2101 Maracay Aragua, Venezuela
Skiba-Cassy, S., UR83 Recherches Avicoles, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, F-37380 Nouzilly, France
Crochet, S., UR83 Recherches Avicoles, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, F-37380 Nouzilly, France
Duclos, M.J., UR83 Recherches Avicoles, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, F-37380 Nouzilly, France
Rideau, N., UR83 Recherches Avicoles, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, F-37380 Nouzilly, France
Tona, K., Division of Livestock-Nutrition-Quality, Department of Biosystems, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 3001 Leuven (Heverlee), Belgium
Buyse, J., Division of Livestock-Nutrition-Quality, Department of Biosystems, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 3001 Leuven (Heverlee), Belgium
Bruggeman, V., Division of Livestock-Nutrition-Quality, Department of Biosystems, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 3001 Leuven (Heverlee), Belgium
Decuypere, E., Division of Livestock-Nutrition-Quality, Department of Biosystems, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 3001 Leuven (Heverlee), Belgium
Picard, M., UR83 Recherches Avicoles, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, F-37380 Nouzilly, France
Yahav, S., Department of Poultry Sciences, Institute of Animal Science, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Genetic selection has significantly improved the muscle development of fast-growing broiler chickens in the last 50 yr. However, improvement in muscle growth has coincided with relatively poor development of visceral systems, resulting in impaired ability to cope with high environmental temperatures. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effects of thermal manipulation (TM) during different periods of embryogenesis on chick hatchability, BW and thermoregulation upon hatching, on their ability to cope with thermal challenge at 42 d of age, and on carcass and breast meat traits. Control embryos were incubated at 37.8°C. The TM embryos were incubated at 37.8°C and treated for 3 h at 39.5°C on the following days of embryogenesis: E8 to E10 [early (EA)], E16 to E18 [late (LA)], and both E8 to E10 and E16 to E18 (EA-LA). Body weight and body temperature (Tb) were measured at hatching and throughout the growth period as well as during exposure of 42-d-old chickens to a thermal challenge at 35°C for 6 h. The LA and EA chicks exhibited significantly lower Tb than control chicks (37.9 vs. 38.2°C) at hatching, but during the growth period, differences in Tb between treated and control chicks decreased with age. Significant hyperthermia (over 44°C) was monitored in all groups during the thermal challenge, but mortality was higher in treated than in control chickens. No effect of treatments on BW was found during the entire growth period. However, breast yield was higher in LA chickens than in controls at slaughter. The EA and EA-LA treatments slightly decreased the ultimate pH of breast meat, whereas the LA treatment had no effect. In conclusion, none of the TM conditions tested in the present study were able to improve long-term thermotolerance in chickens. Late treatment favored breast muscle growth without affecting ultimate pH and drip loss of breast meat. ©2007 Poultry Science Association Inc.
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הספר "אוצר וולקני"
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תנאי שימוש
Effects of thermal manipulation during early and late embryogenesis on thermotolerance and breast muscle characteristics in broiler chickens
86
Collin, A., UR83 Recherches Avicoles, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, F-37380 Nouzilly, France
Berri, C., UR83 Recherches Avicoles, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, F-37380 Nouzilly, France
Tesseraud, S., UR83 Recherches Avicoles, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, F-37380 Nouzilly, France
Requena Rodón, F.E., Producción Animal, Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agricolas, 2101 Maracay Aragua, Venezuela
Skiba-Cassy, S., UR83 Recherches Avicoles, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, F-37380 Nouzilly, France
Crochet, S., UR83 Recherches Avicoles, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, F-37380 Nouzilly, France
Duclos, M.J., UR83 Recherches Avicoles, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, F-37380 Nouzilly, France
Rideau, N., UR83 Recherches Avicoles, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, F-37380 Nouzilly, France
Tona, K., Division of Livestock-Nutrition-Quality, Department of Biosystems, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 3001 Leuven (Heverlee), Belgium
Buyse, J., Division of Livestock-Nutrition-Quality, Department of Biosystems, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 3001 Leuven (Heverlee), Belgium
Bruggeman, V., Division of Livestock-Nutrition-Quality, Department of Biosystems, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 3001 Leuven (Heverlee), Belgium
Decuypere, E., Division of Livestock-Nutrition-Quality, Department of Biosystems, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 3001 Leuven (Heverlee), Belgium
Picard, M., UR83 Recherches Avicoles, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, F-37380 Nouzilly, France
Yahav, S., Department of Poultry Sciences, Institute of Animal Science, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Effects of thermal manipulation during early and late embryogenesis on thermotolerance and breast muscle characteristics in broiler chickens
Genetic selection has significantly improved the muscle development of fast-growing broiler chickens in the last 50 yr. However, improvement in muscle growth has coincided with relatively poor development of visceral systems, resulting in impaired ability to cope with high environmental temperatures. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effects of thermal manipulation (TM) during different periods of embryogenesis on chick hatchability, BW and thermoregulation upon hatching, on their ability to cope with thermal challenge at 42 d of age, and on carcass and breast meat traits. Control embryos were incubated at 37.8°C. The TM embryos were incubated at 37.8°C and treated for 3 h at 39.5°C on the following days of embryogenesis: E8 to E10 [early (EA)], E16 to E18 [late (LA)], and both E8 to E10 and E16 to E18 (EA-LA). Body weight and body temperature (Tb) were measured at hatching and throughout the growth period as well as during exposure of 42-d-old chickens to a thermal challenge at 35°C for 6 h. The LA and EA chicks exhibited significantly lower Tb than control chicks (37.9 vs. 38.2°C) at hatching, but during the growth period, differences in Tb between treated and control chicks decreased with age. Significant hyperthermia (over 44°C) was monitored in all groups during the thermal challenge, but mortality was higher in treated than in control chickens. No effect of treatments on BW was found during the entire growth period. However, breast yield was higher in LA chickens than in controls at slaughter. The EA and EA-LA treatments slightly decreased the ultimate pH of breast meat, whereas the LA treatment had no effect. In conclusion, none of the TM conditions tested in the present study were able to improve long-term thermotolerance in chickens. Late treatment favored breast muscle growth without affecting ultimate pH and drip loss of breast meat. ©2007 Poultry Science Association Inc.
Scientific Publication
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