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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Effect of long-term irrigation with treated wastewater on the root zone environment
Year:
2013
Source of publication :
Vadose Zone Journal
Authors :
אסולין, שמואל
;
.
נרקיס, כפיר
;
.
Volume :
12
Co-Authors:
Assouline, S., Department of Environmental Physics and Irrigation, Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, A.R.O.-Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Narkis, K., Department of Environmental Physics and Irrigation, Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, A.R.O.-Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
To page:
(
Total pages:
1
)
Abstract:
Long-term irrigation with treated wastewater (WW) induced higher salinity and sodicity, lower hydraulic conductivity, and higher swelling pressure in the 20- to 40-cm and 40- to 60-cm soil layers. Continuous monitoring of oxygen concentration in the root zone revealed that aeration regime at the 20-cm depth was the most affected by WW irrigation. The increasing demand for freshwater (FW) for domestic use turns treated wastewater (WW) into an attractive source of water for irrigated agriculture. The main goal of this study was to evaluate the impact of 16 yr of irrigation with WW on the conditions that developed in the root zone of avocado trees planted on clayey soil and compare with FW use. High-resolution field sampling determined the spatial distribution of chloride, exchangeable sodium percentage, and dissolved organic content below the dripper, revealing higher salinity and sodicity, lower hydraulic conductivity, and possible preferential flow pattern linked to wettability in WW-irrigated soils. Laboratory measurements on disturbed samples showed that higher swelling pressure developed in the 20- to 40-cm and 40- to 60-cm layers of the WW-irrigated soil. Finally, continuous monitoring of oxygen concentration at the 10-, 20-, and 30-cm depths in the root zone near the trees and halfway between adjacent trees revealed that the oxygen level at the 20-cm depth was the most affected by WW irrigation. During the rainfall season, this layer could experience relatively long periods with minimal oxygen concentrations. During the irrigation season, less oxygen is available in that layer than in the FW-irrigated one. Dynamics of oxygen concentration at the 30-cm depth show a clear event of wetting and drainage in the FW-irrigated plots, while the relatively stable high oxygen level in that depth in the WW-irrigated plots might reveal nonuniform wetting, insufficient water percolation due to low hydraulic conductivity, and related low leaching efficiency of the soil profile. © Soil Science Society of America, 5585 Guilford Rd., Madison, WI 53711 USA. All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
irrigation
monitoring
rhizosphere
soil
wastewater treatment
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.2136/vzj2012.0216
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
18789
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:24
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Scientific Publication
Effect of long-term irrigation with treated wastewater on the root zone environment
12
Assouline, S., Department of Environmental Physics and Irrigation, Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, A.R.O.-Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Narkis, K., Department of Environmental Physics and Irrigation, Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, A.R.O.-Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Effect of long-term irrigation with treated wastewater on the root zone environment
Long-term irrigation with treated wastewater (WW) induced higher salinity and sodicity, lower hydraulic conductivity, and higher swelling pressure in the 20- to 40-cm and 40- to 60-cm soil layers. Continuous monitoring of oxygen concentration in the root zone revealed that aeration regime at the 20-cm depth was the most affected by WW irrigation. The increasing demand for freshwater (FW) for domestic use turns treated wastewater (WW) into an attractive source of water for irrigated agriculture. The main goal of this study was to evaluate the impact of 16 yr of irrigation with WW on the conditions that developed in the root zone of avocado trees planted on clayey soil and compare with FW use. High-resolution field sampling determined the spatial distribution of chloride, exchangeable sodium percentage, and dissolved organic content below the dripper, revealing higher salinity and sodicity, lower hydraulic conductivity, and possible preferential flow pattern linked to wettability in WW-irrigated soils. Laboratory measurements on disturbed samples showed that higher swelling pressure developed in the 20- to 40-cm and 40- to 60-cm layers of the WW-irrigated soil. Finally, continuous monitoring of oxygen concentration at the 10-, 20-, and 30-cm depths in the root zone near the trees and halfway between adjacent trees revealed that the oxygen level at the 20-cm depth was the most affected by WW irrigation. During the rainfall season, this layer could experience relatively long periods with minimal oxygen concentrations. During the irrigation season, less oxygen is available in that layer than in the FW-irrigated one. Dynamics of oxygen concentration at the 30-cm depth show a clear event of wetting and drainage in the FW-irrigated plots, while the relatively stable high oxygen level in that depth in the WW-irrigated plots might reveal nonuniform wetting, insufficient water percolation due to low hydraulic conductivity, and related low leaching efficiency of the soil profile. © Soil Science Society of America, 5585 Guilford Rd., Madison, WI 53711 USA. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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