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קהילה:
אסיף מאגר המחקר החקלאי
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
High-nitrogen compost as a medium for organic container-grown crops
Year:
2005
Source of publication :
Bioresource Technology
Authors :
זיאדנה, המאם
;
.
יוגב, ענת
;
.
מדינה, שלומית
;
.
קרסנובסקי, ארקדי
;
.
רביב, מיכאל
;
.
Volume :
96
Co-Authors:
Raviv, M., Dept. of Environmental Horticulture, Agriculture Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Res. Ctr., P.O. B., Israel
Oka, Y., Division of Nematology, Agriculture Research Organization, Gilat Res. Ctr., M.P. N., Israel
Katan, J., Dept. Plant Pathol. and Microbiol., Faculty of Agricultural, Food Environ. Sci., Hebrew Univ. J.
Hadar, Y., Dept. Plant Pathol. and Microbiol., Faculty of Agricultural, Food Environ. Sci., Hebrew Univ. J.
Yogev, A., Dept. of Environmental Horticulture, Agriculture Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Res. Ctr., P.O. B., Israel
Medina, S., Dept. of Environmental Horticulture, Agriculture Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Res. Ctr., P.O. B., Israel
Krasnovsky, A., Dept. of Environmental Horticulture, Agriculture Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Res. Ctr., P.O. B., Israel
Ziadna, H., Dept. of Environmental Horticulture, Agriculture Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Res. Ctr., P.O. B., Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
419
To page:
427
(
Total pages:
9
)
Abstract:
Compost was tested as a medium for organic container-grown crops. Nitrogen (N) loss during composting of separated cow manure (SCM) was minimized using high C/N (wheat straw, WS; grape marc, GM) or a slightly acidic (orange peels, OP) additives. N conservation values in the resultant composts were 82%, 95% and 98% for GM-SCM, OP-SCM and WS-SCM, respectively. Physical characteristics of the composts were compatible with use as growing media. The nutritional contribution of the composts was assessed using cherry tomato (Lycopersicon esculantum Mill.) and by means of incubation experiments. Media were either unfertilized or fertilized with guano (sea-bird manure). Plant responses suggest that N availability is the main variable affecting growth. Unfertilized OP-SCM and WS-SCM supplied the N needed for at least 4 months of plant growth. Root-galling index (GI) of tomato roots and number of eggs of the nematode Meloidogyne javanica were reduced by the composts, with the highest reduction obtained by OP-SCM and WS-SCM, at 50% concentrations. These composts, but not peat, reduced the incidence of crown and root-rot disease in tomato as well as the population size of the causal pathogen, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. radicis-lycopersici. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
Agriculture
Animals
Food Products
Fusarium
Nematoda
Organic Agriculture
plant growth
soil
Triticum aestivum
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.biortech.2004.06.001
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
18804
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:24
Scientific Publication
High-nitrogen compost as a medium for organic container-grown crops
96
Raviv, M., Dept. of Environmental Horticulture, Agriculture Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Res. Ctr., P.O. B., Israel
Oka, Y., Division of Nematology, Agriculture Research Organization, Gilat Res. Ctr., M.P. N., Israel
Katan, J., Dept. Plant Pathol. and Microbiol., Faculty of Agricultural, Food Environ. Sci., Hebrew Univ. J.
Hadar, Y., Dept. Plant Pathol. and Microbiol., Faculty of Agricultural, Food Environ. Sci., Hebrew Univ. J.
Yogev, A., Dept. of Environmental Horticulture, Agriculture Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Res. Ctr., P.O. B., Israel
Medina, S., Dept. of Environmental Horticulture, Agriculture Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Res. Ctr., P.O. B., Israel
Krasnovsky, A., Dept. of Environmental Horticulture, Agriculture Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Res. Ctr., P.O. B., Israel
Ziadna, H., Dept. of Environmental Horticulture, Agriculture Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Res. Ctr., P.O. B., Israel
High-nitrogen compost as a medium for organic container-grown crops
Compost was tested as a medium for organic container-grown crops. Nitrogen (N) loss during composting of separated cow manure (SCM) was minimized using high C/N (wheat straw, WS; grape marc, GM) or a slightly acidic (orange peels, OP) additives. N conservation values in the resultant composts were 82%, 95% and 98% for GM-SCM, OP-SCM and WS-SCM, respectively. Physical characteristics of the composts were compatible with use as growing media. The nutritional contribution of the composts was assessed using cherry tomato (Lycopersicon esculantum Mill.) and by means of incubation experiments. Media were either unfertilized or fertilized with guano (sea-bird manure). Plant responses suggest that N availability is the main variable affecting growth. Unfertilized OP-SCM and WS-SCM supplied the N needed for at least 4 months of plant growth. Root-galling index (GI) of tomato roots and number of eggs of the nematode Meloidogyne javanica were reduced by the composts, with the highest reduction obtained by OP-SCM and WS-SCM, at 50% concentrations. These composts, but not peat, reduced the incidence of crown and root-rot disease in tomato as well as the population size of the causal pathogen, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. radicis-lycopersici. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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