חיפוש מתקדם
Weed Research
Aly, R., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Ramat Yishay, Israel
Parasitic plants have evolved various methods of invading host plants. Some invade aerial parts, whereas others invade the roots to obtain necessary nutrients for their development. Phelipanche and Orobanche spp. (broomrapes) and Cuscuta spp. (dodders) are holoparasitic plants that subsist on roots and shoots, respectively, of a variety of agricultural crops. These weeds are able to connect directly with the vascular system of the host, thereby acquiring the water, minerals and carbohydrates necessary for their own growth and reproduction. This exploitation by parasitic plants often causes severe losses in yield quality and quantity of host crops. The key to an effective means for controlling parasitic plants lies in the development of resistant crops, supported by an improved understanding of broomrape and dodder biology. The haustoria formed at the junctions of parasite and host open the way for translocation of a variety of molecules and macromolecules from the host to the parasite. At the same time, however, the haustoria also open opportunities for the development of methods to control parasitic plants. This review will summarise the current knowledge on translocation of siRNAs, mRNAs, viruses, sugars, proteins and herbicides from host to parasitic plants and the potential significance of such molecules to the parasite. Improved understanding of the molecular exchange between host plants and their parasites is expected to lead to the development of state-of-the-art, effective approaches to parasitic weed management. © 2013 European Weed Research Society.
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Trafficking of molecules between parasitic plants and their hosts
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Aly, R., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Ramat Yishay, Israel
Trafficking of molecules between parasitic plants and their hosts
Parasitic plants have evolved various methods of invading host plants. Some invade aerial parts, whereas others invade the roots to obtain necessary nutrients for their development. Phelipanche and Orobanche spp. (broomrapes) and Cuscuta spp. (dodders) are holoparasitic plants that subsist on roots and shoots, respectively, of a variety of agricultural crops. These weeds are able to connect directly with the vascular system of the host, thereby acquiring the water, minerals and carbohydrates necessary for their own growth and reproduction. This exploitation by parasitic plants often causes severe losses in yield quality and quantity of host crops. The key to an effective means for controlling parasitic plants lies in the development of resistant crops, supported by an improved understanding of broomrape and dodder biology. The haustoria formed at the junctions of parasite and host open the way for translocation of a variety of molecules and macromolecules from the host to the parasite. At the same time, however, the haustoria also open opportunities for the development of methods to control parasitic plants. This review will summarise the current knowledge on translocation of siRNAs, mRNAs, viruses, sugars, proteins and herbicides from host to parasitic plants and the potential significance of such molecules to the parasite. Improved understanding of the molecular exchange between host plants and their parasites is expected to lead to the development of state-of-the-art, effective approaches to parasitic weed management. © 2013 European Weed Research Society.
Scientific Publication
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