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Cooper, A., Department of Natural Resources, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Shapira, O., Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Zaidan, S., Forestry Department KKL, Eshtaol, Israel
Moshe, Y., Department of Natural Resources, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
Zangy, E., Department of Natural Resources, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
Osem, Y., Department of Natural Resources, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
Oak regeneration within pine monocultures is an opportunity to diversify forest structure. We examined the relationships between overstory (Pinus brutia) light interception and understory oak (Quercus ithaburensis) performance in water-limited forests. The study was performed in a mature pine plantation in Mediterranean Israel. Twenty-year-old oaks differing in location with respect to pine overstory and representing a gradient of light availability, such as open space (irradiance 100 %), interface (17-77 %), and understory (14-23 %), were monitored. Photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD), leaf gas exchange, and twig water potential (TWP) were measured during the growth season under increasing drought stress. Predawn TWP decreased sharply from early to late spring and was positively related to irradiance during mid-spring only. Predawn to midday TWP gradient was positively related to irradiance mostly so during mid-spring. Daily averages of stomatal conductance (gs), net carbon assimilation rate (A), and transpiration rate (E) were highest in early spring and decreased gradually toward late spring. They were positively related to irradiance though this relationship became less pronounced from early to late spring. Oak height and stem basal area were positively related to irradiance. A/gs ratio was positively related to irradiance throughout the entire growth season. It increased from early to mid-spring but decreased toward late spring. A/PPFD ratio decreased from early to late spring showing a negative relationship with irradiance. We concluded that light availability was mainly responsible for spatial variation in oak performance and proposed that small-scale overstory gaps aiming for direct sunlight exposure during early spring should achieve maximum understory oak performance with minimal pine removal. © 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
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תנאי שימוש
Oak restoration in water-limited pine plantations: Interactive effects of overstory light interception and water availability on understory oak performance
133
Cooper, A., Department of Natural Resources, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Shapira, O., Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Zaidan, S., Forestry Department KKL, Eshtaol, Israel
Moshe, Y., Department of Natural Resources, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
Zangy, E., Department of Natural Resources, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
Osem, Y., Department of Natural Resources, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
Oak restoration in water-limited pine plantations: Interactive effects of overstory light interception and water availability on understory oak performance
Oak regeneration within pine monocultures is an opportunity to diversify forest structure. We examined the relationships between overstory (Pinus brutia) light interception and understory oak (Quercus ithaburensis) performance in water-limited forests. The study was performed in a mature pine plantation in Mediterranean Israel. Twenty-year-old oaks differing in location with respect to pine overstory and representing a gradient of light availability, such as open space (irradiance 100 %), interface (17-77 %), and understory (14-23 %), were monitored. Photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD), leaf gas exchange, and twig water potential (TWP) were measured during the growth season under increasing drought stress. Predawn TWP decreased sharply from early to late spring and was positively related to irradiance during mid-spring only. Predawn to midday TWP gradient was positively related to irradiance mostly so during mid-spring. Daily averages of stomatal conductance (gs), net carbon assimilation rate (A), and transpiration rate (E) were highest in early spring and decreased gradually toward late spring. They were positively related to irradiance though this relationship became less pronounced from early to late spring. Oak height and stem basal area were positively related to irradiance. A/gs ratio was positively related to irradiance throughout the entire growth season. It increased from early to mid-spring but decreased toward late spring. A/PPFD ratio decreased from early to late spring showing a negative relationship with irradiance. We concluded that light availability was mainly responsible for spatial variation in oak performance and proposed that small-scale overstory gaps aiming for direct sunlight exposure during early spring should achieve maximum understory oak performance with minimal pine removal. © 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Scientific Publication
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