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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
The Role of Plasma Membrane Aquaporins in Regulating the Bundle Sheath-Mesophyll Continuum and Leaf Hydraulics
Year:
2014
Authors :
גרנות, דוד
;
.
קלי, גילאור
;
.
Volume :
166
Co-Authors:
Sade, N., Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel, Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA, United States
Shatil-Cohen, A., Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Attia, Z., Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Maurel, C., Biochimie et Physiologie Moléculaire des Plantes, Unité Mixte de Recherche 5004, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique/Unité Mixte de Recherche 0386, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique/ Montpellier SupAgro/Université Montpellier II, Montpellier cedex 2, France
Boursiac, Y., Biochimie et Physiologie Moléculaire des Plantes, Unité Mixte de Recherche 5004, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique/Unité Mixte de Recherche 0386, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique/ Montpellier SupAgro/Université Montpellier II, Montpellier cedex 2, France
Kelly, G., Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel, Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Granot, D., Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Yaaran, A., Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Lerner, S., Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Moshelion, M., Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
1609
To page:
1620
(
Total pages:
12
)
Abstract:
Our understanding of the cellular role of aquaporins (AQPs) in the regulation of whole-plant hydraulics, in general, and extravascular, radial hydraulic conductance in leaves (Kleaf), in particular, is still fairly limited. We hypothesized that the AQPs of the vascular bundle sheath (BS) cells regulate Kleaf. To examine this hypothesis, AQP genes were silenced using artificial microRNAs that were expressed constitutively or specifically targeted to the BS. MicroRNA sequences were designed to target all five AQP genes from the PLASMA MEMBRANE-INTRINSIC PROTEIN1 (PIP1) subfamily. Our results show that the constitutively silenced PIP1 (35S promoter) plants had decreased PIP1 transcript and protein levels and decreased mesophyll and BS osmotic water permeability (Pf),mesophyll conductance of CO2, photosynthesis, Kleaf, transpiration, and shoot biomass. Plants in which the PIP1 subfamily was silenced only in the BS (SCARECROW:microRNA plants) exhibited decreased mesophyll and BS Pf and decreased Kleafbut no decreases in the rest of the parameters listed above, with the net result of increased shoot biomass. We excluded the possibility of SCARECROW promoter activity in the mesophyll. Hence, the fact that SCARECROW:microRNA mesophyll exhibited reduced Pf, but not reduced mesophyll conductance of CO2, suggests that the BS-mesophyll hydraulic continuum acts as a feed-forward control signal. The role of AQPs in the hierarchy of the hydraulic signal pathway controlling leaf water status under normal and limited-water conditions is discussed. © 2014 American Society of Plant Biologists. All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
arabidopsis
cell membrane
evapotranspiration
Genetics
metabolism
Plant Transpiration
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1104/pp.114.248633
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
19139
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:26
Scientific Publication
The Role of Plasma Membrane Aquaporins in Regulating the Bundle Sheath-Mesophyll Continuum and Leaf Hydraulics
166
Sade, N., Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel, Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA, United States
Shatil-Cohen, A., Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Attia, Z., Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Maurel, C., Biochimie et Physiologie Moléculaire des Plantes, Unité Mixte de Recherche 5004, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique/Unité Mixte de Recherche 0386, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique/ Montpellier SupAgro/Université Montpellier II, Montpellier cedex 2, France
Boursiac, Y., Biochimie et Physiologie Moléculaire des Plantes, Unité Mixte de Recherche 5004, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique/Unité Mixte de Recherche 0386, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique/ Montpellier SupAgro/Université Montpellier II, Montpellier cedex 2, France
Kelly, G., Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel, Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Granot, D., Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Yaaran, A., Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Lerner, S., Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Moshelion, M., Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
The Role of Plasma Membrane Aquaporins in Regulating the Bundle Sheath-Mesophyll Continuum and Leaf Hydraulics
Our understanding of the cellular role of aquaporins (AQPs) in the regulation of whole-plant hydraulics, in general, and extravascular, radial hydraulic conductance in leaves (Kleaf), in particular, is still fairly limited. We hypothesized that the AQPs of the vascular bundle sheath (BS) cells regulate Kleaf. To examine this hypothesis, AQP genes were silenced using artificial microRNAs that were expressed constitutively or specifically targeted to the BS. MicroRNA sequences were designed to target all five AQP genes from the PLASMA MEMBRANE-INTRINSIC PROTEIN1 (PIP1) subfamily. Our results show that the constitutively silenced PIP1 (35S promoter) plants had decreased PIP1 transcript and protein levels and decreased mesophyll and BS osmotic water permeability (Pf),mesophyll conductance of CO2, photosynthesis, Kleaf, transpiration, and shoot biomass. Plants in which the PIP1 subfamily was silenced only in the BS (SCARECROW:microRNA plants) exhibited decreased mesophyll and BS Pf and decreased Kleafbut no decreases in the rest of the parameters listed above, with the net result of increased shoot biomass. We excluded the possibility of SCARECROW promoter activity in the mesophyll. Hence, the fact that SCARECROW:microRNA mesophyll exhibited reduced Pf, but not reduced mesophyll conductance of CO2, suggests that the BS-mesophyll hydraulic continuum acts as a feed-forward control signal. The role of AQPs in the hierarchy of the hydraulic signal pathway controlling leaf water status under normal and limited-water conditions is discussed. © 2014 American Society of Plant Biologists. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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