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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Effects of cooling dry cows under heat load conditions on mammary gland enzymatic activity, intake of food and water, and performance during the dry period and after parturition
Year:
2009
Source of publication :
Livestock Science
Authors :
זנו, אברהם
;
.
יוסף, אדית
;
.
מבג'יש, סמיר
;
.
מירון, יהושע
;
.
ניקבחת, משה
;
.
שמאי, אבי
;
.
Volume :
124
Co-Authors:
Adin, G., Department of Cattle Husbandry, Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture, Israel
Gelman, A., Hotam Dairy Farm, Moshav Timorim, Israel
Solomon, R., Department of Cattle Husbandry, Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture, Israel
Flamenbaum, I., Department of Cattle Husbandry, Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture, Israel
Nikbachat, M., Department of Dairy and Genetic Sciences, Agricultural Research organization, P.O Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Yosef, E., Department of Dairy and Genetic Sciences, Agricultural Research organization, P.O Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Zenou, A., Department of Dairy and Genetic Sciences, Agricultural Research organization, P.O Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Shamay, A., Department of Dairy and Genetic Sciences, Agricultural Research organization, P.O Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Feuermann, Y., Department of Dairy and Genetic Sciences, Agricultural Research organization, P.O Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Mabjeesh, S.J., Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
Miron, J., Department of Dairy and Genetic Sciences, Agricultural Research organization, P.O Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
189
To page:
195
(
Total pages:
7
)
Abstract:
Effect of evaporative cooling of pregnant dairy cows under heat load conditions during the dry and close-up period, on mammary gland enzymatic activity and intake of food and water, BCS, and milk performance after calving were measured in two consequent experiments. In experiment 1, 18 dry cows held in tie-stalls in a closed aerated barn under heat load conditions were used to measure the effect of evaporative cooling on the respiratory rate and body temperature, individual intake of food and water, enzymes expression level in mammary gland and adipose tissues, and BCS changes until calving. In experiment 2, two groups of 36 dry cows each, held in a commercial loose housing barn, were used to measure the effects of evaporative cooling under heat load conditions on calves' birth weight, colostrum quality and quantity, BCS changes and milk yield during 90 DIM. The non cooled (NC) cows responded to heat load by increasing their respiratory rate and daily water intake, while elevating their rectal temperature by 0.2-0.3 °C as compared with the cooled (C) cows. The external relief of heat load by the C cows in both experiments was expressed in increasing their voluntary DMI during the dry period as compared with the NC group. In experiment 2 the calves' birth weight of C cows was higher, and their colostrum quality and quantity were improved as compared with the NC group. Cooling also improved significantly BCS gain during the last 21 days until parturition, accompanied with higher cell proliferation process (based on enzymes expression at mRNA level) in the mammary gland of the C cows. Consequently, a significant increase in milk production by 5.3%, protein yield by 5.1%, ECM yield by 4.2% and FCM yield by 4.5%, was demonstrated in the C cows during 90 DIM as compared with the NC group. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
Bos
Dry and close-up cow
Evaporative cooling
Intake
Milk performance
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.livsci.2009.01.014
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
19375
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:28
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Scientific Publication
Effects of cooling dry cows under heat load conditions on mammary gland enzymatic activity, intake of food and water, and performance during the dry period and after parturition
124
Adin, G., Department of Cattle Husbandry, Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture, Israel
Gelman, A., Hotam Dairy Farm, Moshav Timorim, Israel
Solomon, R., Department of Cattle Husbandry, Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture, Israel
Flamenbaum, I., Department of Cattle Husbandry, Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture, Israel
Nikbachat, M., Department of Dairy and Genetic Sciences, Agricultural Research organization, P.O Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Yosef, E., Department of Dairy and Genetic Sciences, Agricultural Research organization, P.O Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Zenou, A., Department of Dairy and Genetic Sciences, Agricultural Research organization, P.O Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Shamay, A., Department of Dairy and Genetic Sciences, Agricultural Research organization, P.O Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Feuermann, Y., Department of Dairy and Genetic Sciences, Agricultural Research organization, P.O Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Mabjeesh, S.J., Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
Miron, J., Department of Dairy and Genetic Sciences, Agricultural Research organization, P.O Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Effects of cooling dry cows under heat load conditions on mammary gland enzymatic activity, intake of food and water, and performance during the dry period and after parturition
Effect of evaporative cooling of pregnant dairy cows under heat load conditions during the dry and close-up period, on mammary gland enzymatic activity and intake of food and water, BCS, and milk performance after calving were measured in two consequent experiments. In experiment 1, 18 dry cows held in tie-stalls in a closed aerated barn under heat load conditions were used to measure the effect of evaporative cooling on the respiratory rate and body temperature, individual intake of food and water, enzymes expression level in mammary gland and adipose tissues, and BCS changes until calving. In experiment 2, two groups of 36 dry cows each, held in a commercial loose housing barn, were used to measure the effects of evaporative cooling under heat load conditions on calves' birth weight, colostrum quality and quantity, BCS changes and milk yield during 90 DIM. The non cooled (NC) cows responded to heat load by increasing their respiratory rate and daily water intake, while elevating their rectal temperature by 0.2-0.3 °C as compared with the cooled (C) cows. The external relief of heat load by the C cows in both experiments was expressed in increasing their voluntary DMI during the dry period as compared with the NC group. In experiment 2 the calves' birth weight of C cows was higher, and their colostrum quality and quantity were improved as compared with the NC group. Cooling also improved significantly BCS gain during the last 21 days until parturition, accompanied with higher cell proliferation process (based on enzymes expression at mRNA level) in the mammary gland of the C cows. Consequently, a significant increase in milk production by 5.3%, protein yield by 5.1%, ECM yield by 4.2% and FCM yield by 4.5%, was demonstrated in the C cows during 90 DIM as compared with the NC group. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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