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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Flow interruption effects on intake rate and rill erosion in two soils
Year:
2001
Authors :
לוי, גיא
;
.
ראפ, עדו
;
.
שיינברג, יצחק
;
.
Volume :
65
Co-Authors:
Sirjacobs, D., Inst. of Soil, Water/Environ. Sci., Agricultural Res. Organization (ARO), Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Shainberg, I., Inst. of Soil, Water/Environ. Sci., Agricultural Res. Organization (ARO), Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Rapp, I., Inst. of Soil, Water/Environ. Sci., Agricultural Res. Organization (ARO), Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Levy, G.J., Inst. of Soil, Water/Environ. Sci., Agricultural Res. Organization (ARO), Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
828
To page:
834
(
Total pages:
7
)
Abstract:
Efficiency of surface irrigation is often low because of poor infiltration uniformity, resulting from relatively long periods of infiltration at the upstream end and short periods of infiltration at the downstream end of the field. Surge irrigation, the intermittent supply of water to furrows, generally reduces soil intake rate (IR) and improves moisture uniformity over the entire field. However, IR reduction varies from one irrigation scheme to another, depends on soil and water properties, and is difficult to predict. A laboratory study using miniflumes was designed to investigate the effect of interrupted flow on IR and soil loss from short rills. Two soils differing in their textures, a silt loam (Calcic Haploxeralf) derived from loess and a clay soil (Typic Haploxerert), were studied. Intake rate in the clay soil was greater than that in the silt loam. Therefore, different inflow rates were applied to the two soils to achieve similar runoff flow rates from the two soils. Cumulative infiltration decreased from 646 mL in continuous flow to 539 mL in interrupted flow for the silt loam and from 1142 to 1068 mL in the clay soil. Interrupted flow also reduced cumulative soil loss by 84% in the clay soil but had only a small effect on soil loss from the silt loam. However, when flow rate was increased from 80 to 320 mL min-1, interrupted flow reduced soil loss in the silt loam as much as in the clay soil. Consolidation of the soil surface and formation of cohesive forces between soil particles of the silt loam with unstable structure during flow interruption was suggested as the explanation for the effect of flow interruption on intake rate and soil detachment. These results need to be verified in field experiments.
Note:
Related Files :
Clay soil
Erosion
Flow interruption
flume experiment
irrigation
soil erosion
soil pollution
Soils
Surge irrigation
Water supply
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
19406
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:28
Scientific Publication
Flow interruption effects on intake rate and rill erosion in two soils
65
Sirjacobs, D., Inst. of Soil, Water/Environ. Sci., Agricultural Res. Organization (ARO), Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Shainberg, I., Inst. of Soil, Water/Environ. Sci., Agricultural Res. Organization (ARO), Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Rapp, I., Inst. of Soil, Water/Environ. Sci., Agricultural Res. Organization (ARO), Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Levy, G.J., Inst. of Soil, Water/Environ. Sci., Agricultural Res. Organization (ARO), Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Flow interruption effects on intake rate and rill erosion in two soils
Efficiency of surface irrigation is often low because of poor infiltration uniformity, resulting from relatively long periods of infiltration at the upstream end and short periods of infiltration at the downstream end of the field. Surge irrigation, the intermittent supply of water to furrows, generally reduces soil intake rate (IR) and improves moisture uniformity over the entire field. However, IR reduction varies from one irrigation scheme to another, depends on soil and water properties, and is difficult to predict. A laboratory study using miniflumes was designed to investigate the effect of interrupted flow on IR and soil loss from short rills. Two soils differing in their textures, a silt loam (Calcic Haploxeralf) derived from loess and a clay soil (Typic Haploxerert), were studied. Intake rate in the clay soil was greater than that in the silt loam. Therefore, different inflow rates were applied to the two soils to achieve similar runoff flow rates from the two soils. Cumulative infiltration decreased from 646 mL in continuous flow to 539 mL in interrupted flow for the silt loam and from 1142 to 1068 mL in the clay soil. Interrupted flow also reduced cumulative soil loss by 84% in the clay soil but had only a small effect on soil loss from the silt loam. However, when flow rate was increased from 80 to 320 mL min-1, interrupted flow reduced soil loss in the silt loam as much as in the clay soil. Consolidation of the soil surface and formation of cohesive forces between soil particles of the silt loam with unstable structure during flow interruption was suggested as the explanation for the effect of flow interruption on intake rate and soil detachment. These results need to be verified in field experiments.
Scientific Publication
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