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Weissenberg, M., Department of Organic Chemistry, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
Glotter, E., Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot 76-100, Israel
Reduction with sodium borohydride of steroidal 1-ones in the 5α-series affords the corresponding axial 1α-hydroxy-derivatives, whereas the isomeric ketones in the 5β-series give the equatorial 1α-hydroxy-derivatives. Conversely, reduction of 4β,5β- and of 5β,6β-epoxy-1-oxo-steroids takes place by rear-side attack to give the corresponding 1β-hydroxy-derivatives. All these reactions are stereospecific. The reduction of various 2-en-1-ones in the 5α-series proceeds by 1,2-attack to give mixtures of 1α- and 1β-allylic alcohols, in contrast to the reduction of the isomeric enones in the 5β-series which proceeds by 1,4-attack to give the corresponding saturated ketones, in most instances further reduced to the saturated α-oriented alcohols. Similar saturation of the double bond was observed for 5β-2-en-4-one derivatives.
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Reduction of 1-oxo-steroids by sodium borohydride
Weissenberg, M., Department of Organic Chemistry, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
Glotter, E., Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot 76-100, Israel
Reduction of 1-oxo-steroids by sodium borohydride
Reduction with sodium borohydride of steroidal 1-ones in the 5α-series affords the corresponding axial 1α-hydroxy-derivatives, whereas the isomeric ketones in the 5β-series give the equatorial 1α-hydroxy-derivatives. Conversely, reduction of 4β,5β- and of 5β,6β-epoxy-1-oxo-steroids takes place by rear-side attack to give the corresponding 1β-hydroxy-derivatives. All these reactions are stereospecific. The reduction of various 2-en-1-ones in the 5α-series proceeds by 1,2-attack to give mixtures of 1α- and 1β-allylic alcohols, in contrast to the reduction of the isomeric enones in the 5β-series which proceeds by 1,4-attack to give the corresponding saturated ketones, in most instances further reduced to the saturated α-oriented alcohols. Similar saturation of the double bond was observed for 5β-2-en-4-one derivatives.
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