נגישות
menu      
חיפוש מתקדם
Poultry Science
Yahav, S., Institute of Animal Science, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Straschnow, A., Institute of Animal Science, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Luger, D., Institute of Animal Science, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Shinder, D., Institute of Animal Science, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Tanny, J., Inst. Soil Water and Environ. Sci., ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Cohen, S., Inst. Soil Water and Environ. Sci., ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Air velocity (AV) is one of the main environmental factors involved in thermoregulation, especially at high ambient temperatures. To elucidate the effect of AV on performance and thermoregulation of 4- to 7-wk-old broiler chickens, an experiment was conducted using 4 different AV (0.8, 1.5, 2.0, and 3.0 m/s) at constant ambient temperatature (35 ± 1.0°C) and RH (60 ± 2.5%). BW, feed intake, and fecal and urinary excretions were monitored in individuals and were used to calculate the amount of energy expended for maintenance. Infrared thermal imaging radiometry was used to measure surface temperatures for the calculation of heat loss by radiation and convection. Brachial vein blood was collected for plasma osmolality and arginine vasotocin analysis. Broilers performed optimally at an AV of 2.0 m/s. Energy expenditure for maintenance was significantly higher under these conditions, suggesting the ability to direct a sufficient amount of energy to control body temperature, while maintaining relatively high growth rates. Convective heat loss increased significantly with increasing AV, whereas radiative heat loss was not affected. Sensible heat loss, expressed as a percentage of energy expenditure for maintenance, was significantly higher at 2.0 m/s compared with 0.8 m/s but significantly lower than that of 3.0 m/s. The high level of heat loss observed at 3.0 m/s probably affected body water balance, as supported by significantly higher plasma osmolality, arginine vasotocin concentration, and the hyperthermic status of these birds. It can be concluded that AV of 2.0 m/s enables broilers to maintain proper performance together with efficient thermoregulation and water balance under harsh environmental conditions.
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Ventilation, sensible heat loss, broiler energy, and water balance under harsh environmental conditions
83
Yahav, S., Institute of Animal Science, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Straschnow, A., Institute of Animal Science, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Luger, D., Institute of Animal Science, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Shinder, D., Institute of Animal Science, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Tanny, J., Inst. Soil Water and Environ. Sci., ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Cohen, S., Inst. Soil Water and Environ. Sci., ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Ventilation, sensible heat loss, broiler energy, and water balance under harsh environmental conditions
Air velocity (AV) is one of the main environmental factors involved in thermoregulation, especially at high ambient temperatures. To elucidate the effect of AV on performance and thermoregulation of 4- to 7-wk-old broiler chickens, an experiment was conducted using 4 different AV (0.8, 1.5, 2.0, and 3.0 m/s) at constant ambient temperatature (35 ± 1.0°C) and RH (60 ± 2.5%). BW, feed intake, and fecal and urinary excretions were monitored in individuals and were used to calculate the amount of energy expended for maintenance. Infrared thermal imaging radiometry was used to measure surface temperatures for the calculation of heat loss by radiation and convection. Brachial vein blood was collected for plasma osmolality and arginine vasotocin analysis. Broilers performed optimally at an AV of 2.0 m/s. Energy expenditure for maintenance was significantly higher under these conditions, suggesting the ability to direct a sufficient amount of energy to control body temperature, while maintaining relatively high growth rates. Convective heat loss increased significantly with increasing AV, whereas radiative heat loss was not affected. Sensible heat loss, expressed as a percentage of energy expenditure for maintenance, was significantly higher at 2.0 m/s compared with 0.8 m/s but significantly lower than that of 3.0 m/s. The high level of heat loss observed at 3.0 m/s probably affected body water balance, as supported by significantly higher plasma osmolality, arginine vasotocin concentration, and the hyperthermic status of these birds. It can be concluded that AV of 2.0 m/s enables broilers to maintain proper performance together with efficient thermoregulation and water balance under harsh environmental conditions.
Scientific Publication
You may also be interested in