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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
The spatial dimension of pastoral herding: A case study from the northern Negev
Year:
2011
Authors :
אונגר, יוג'ין דוד
;
.
ארנון, אמיר
;
.
Volume :
57
Co-Authors:
Arnon, A., Department of Agronomy and Natural Resources, Institute of Crop Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Svoray, T., Department of Geography and Environmental Development, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P.O.B. 653, Be'er Sheva 84105, Israel
Ungar, E.D., Department of Agronomy and Natural Resources, Institute of Crop Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
129
To page:
149
(
Total pages:
21
)
Abstract:
Sustainable management of heterogeneous grazing systems requires better understanding of the spatial dimension of grazing ecology. We deployed animal-borne GPS devices to map the daily foraging excursions of a shepherded flock of 200 goats under traditional Bedouin management, on a study site in the semiarid region of the northern Negev, Israel. A total of 88 daily foraging excursions were mapped during the herbaceous growing seasons of 2002 and 2003, and the spatial dimension was analyzed with GIS tools. A typical foraging excursion lasted 5.5 h, during which the flock moved across the landscape at an average speed of 0.3 m/s (1.1 km/h) and traveled 5.4 km. The foraging route was highly elongated in shape and reached a distance of 1.5 km from the night corral. Flock movement speed was affected significantly by distance from the night corral, being greatest at shortest and longest distances. Speed decreased with increasing slope angle and differed between aspects. The frequency of flock presence across the study site deviated significantly from random with respect to aspect but not to slope angle and distance from the corral. The effect of aspect changed slightly between the study years. The product of daily distance traveled and flock path width yielded a rate of area coverage of 0.122 km 2 per day. The average amount of herbage dry matter removed on any one pass of the flock is therefore in the order of just a few grams per square meter. The use of the area available to the flock was highly non-uniform, which suggests that better planning of grazing management could mitigate negative effects of grazing.
Note:
Related Files :
dairy farming
dry matter
flock speed
Goat
GPS
grassland
Grazing
Israel
Negev
Sustainable development
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1560/IJEE.57.1-2.129
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
20219
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:34
Scientific Publication
The spatial dimension of pastoral herding: A case study from the northern Negev
57
Arnon, A., Department of Agronomy and Natural Resources, Institute of Crop Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Svoray, T., Department of Geography and Environmental Development, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P.O.B. 653, Be'er Sheva 84105, Israel
Ungar, E.D., Department of Agronomy and Natural Resources, Institute of Crop Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
The spatial dimension of pastoral herding: A case study from the northern Negev
Sustainable management of heterogeneous grazing systems requires better understanding of the spatial dimension of grazing ecology. We deployed animal-borne GPS devices to map the daily foraging excursions of a shepherded flock of 200 goats under traditional Bedouin management, on a study site in the semiarid region of the northern Negev, Israel. A total of 88 daily foraging excursions were mapped during the herbaceous growing seasons of 2002 and 2003, and the spatial dimension was analyzed with GIS tools. A typical foraging excursion lasted 5.5 h, during which the flock moved across the landscape at an average speed of 0.3 m/s (1.1 km/h) and traveled 5.4 km. The foraging route was highly elongated in shape and reached a distance of 1.5 km from the night corral. Flock movement speed was affected significantly by distance from the night corral, being greatest at shortest and longest distances. Speed decreased with increasing slope angle and differed between aspects. The frequency of flock presence across the study site deviated significantly from random with respect to aspect but not to slope angle and distance from the corral. The effect of aspect changed slightly between the study years. The product of daily distance traveled and flock path width yielded a rate of area coverage of 0.122 km 2 per day. The average amount of herbage dry matter removed on any one pass of the flock is therefore in the order of just a few grams per square meter. The use of the area available to the flock was highly non-uniform, which suggests that better planning of grazing management could mitigate negative effects of grazing.
Scientific Publication
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