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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Host behavior, environment and ability to self-medicate
Year:
2012
Source of publication :
Small Ruminant Research
Authors :
לנדאו, יאן
;
.
Volume :
103
Co-Authors:
Villalba, J.J., Department of Wildland Resources, Utah State University, 5230 Old Main Hill, Logan, UT 84322-5230, United States
Landau, S.Y., Department of Natural Resources and Agronomy, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
50
To page:
59
(
Total pages:
10
)
Abstract:
Herbivores form preferences for substances that raise fitness such as nutritious foods and avoid those substances, which lower fitness such as plant secondary compounds (PSC). Nevertheless, some PSC at certain concentrations have the potential to raise fitness as they act against infective diseases such as parasitism. The objective of the present review is to assess whether parasitized farm animals are able to manifest self-medicative behaviors. The ability of herbivores to self-select these medicinal plant compounds emerges from the inherent adaptive nature of behavioral responses in living organisms. In order to manifest self-medication animals should experience discomfort caused by a certain illness and also relief associated with the mitigation of sickness brought about by the ingestion of a medicinal plant. Observational and controlled studies suggest such conditions, as well as self-medicative behaviors occur not only in wild but also in domestic herbivores. Self-medicative behaviors may allow individuals seek medicinal plant products when infected by parasites, even at times when the manager is not aware of the existence of parasitism in the flock. Self-medication may also allow for proper nutrition as animals offered choices will consume PSC-containing plants as well as nutritious and safe forages. Management programs should be geared at enhancing in herbivores the likelihood of the association medicine-relief from sickness and at favoring the transmission of self-medicative behavior across generations. © 2011.
Note:
Related Files :
Animalia
foraging
Helminths
Livestock
Medicine
Plant secondary metabolites
Vermes
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.smallrumres.2011.10.018
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
20318
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:35
Scientific Publication
Host behavior, environment and ability to self-medicate
103
Villalba, J.J., Department of Wildland Resources, Utah State University, 5230 Old Main Hill, Logan, UT 84322-5230, United States
Landau, S.Y., Department of Natural Resources and Agronomy, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Host behavior, environment and ability to self-medicate
Herbivores form preferences for substances that raise fitness such as nutritious foods and avoid those substances, which lower fitness such as plant secondary compounds (PSC). Nevertheless, some PSC at certain concentrations have the potential to raise fitness as they act against infective diseases such as parasitism. The objective of the present review is to assess whether parasitized farm animals are able to manifest self-medicative behaviors. The ability of herbivores to self-select these medicinal plant compounds emerges from the inherent adaptive nature of behavioral responses in living organisms. In order to manifest self-medication animals should experience discomfort caused by a certain illness and also relief associated with the mitigation of sickness brought about by the ingestion of a medicinal plant. Observational and controlled studies suggest such conditions, as well as self-medicative behaviors occur not only in wild but also in domestic herbivores. Self-medicative behaviors may allow individuals seek medicinal plant products when infected by parasites, even at times when the manager is not aware of the existence of parasitism in the flock. Self-medication may also allow for proper nutrition as animals offered choices will consume PSC-containing plants as well as nutritious and safe forages. Management programs should be geared at enhancing in herbivores the likelihood of the association medicine-relief from sickness and at favoring the transmission of self-medicative behavior across generations. © 2011.
Scientific Publication
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