חיפוש מתקדם
Journal of Apicultural Research
De Miranda, J.R., Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, PO Box 7044, Uppsala, 750-07, Sweden
Bailey, L., AgroEcology Department, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, AL5 2JQ, United Kingdom
Ball, B.V., AgroEcology Department, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, AL5 2JQ, United Kingdom
Blanchard, P., Anses, Sophia-Antipolis Laboratory, Bee Diseases Unit, BP 111, Sophia Antipolis, 06902, France
Budge, G.E., National Bee Unit, Food and Environment Research Agency, Sand Hutton, York, YO41 1LZ, United Kingdom
Chejanovsky, N., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Chen, Y.-P., USDA-ARS, Bee Research Lab., BARC-E Bldg 306, Beltsville, MD 20705, United States
Gauthier, L., Swiss Bee Research Center, Agroscope Liebefeld-Posieux (ALP), Schwarzenburgstr. 161, Bern, CH-3003, Switzerland
Genersch, E., Institute for Bee Research, Friedrich-Engels-Str. 32, Hohen Neuendorf, 16540, Germany
De Graaf, D.C., Laboratory of Zoophysiology, Department of Physiology, Ghent University, Ghent, B-9000, Belgium
Ribière, M., Anses, Sophia-Antipolis Laboratory, Bee Diseases Unit, BP 111, Sophia Antipolis, 06902, France
Ryabov, E., School of Life Sciences, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, United Kingdom
De Smet, L., Laboratory of Zoophysiology, Department of Physiology, Ghent University, Ghent, B-9000, Belgium
Van Der Steen, J.J.M., Plant Research International, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Business Unit Biointeractions and Plant Health, Box 16, Wageningen, 6700AA, Netherlands
Honey bee virus research is an enormously broad area, ranging from subcellular molecular biology through physiology and behaviour, to individual and colony-level symptoms, transmission and epidemiology. The research methods used in virology are therefore equally diverse. This article covers those methods that are very particular to virological research in bees, with numerous cross-referrals to other BEEBOOK papers on more general methods, used in virology as well as other research. At the root of these methods is the realization that viruses at their most primary level inhabit a molecular, subcellular world, which they manipulate and interact with, to produce all higher order phenomena associated with virus infection and disease. Secondly, that viruses operate in an exponential world, while the host operates in a linear world and that much of the understanding and management of viruses hinges on reconciling these fundamental mathematical differences between virus and host. The article concentrates heavily on virus propagation and methods for detection, with minor excursions into surveying, sampling management and background information on the many viruses found in bees. © IBRA 2013.
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Standard methods for virus research in Apis mellifera
52
De Miranda, J.R., Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, PO Box 7044, Uppsala, 750-07, Sweden
Bailey, L., AgroEcology Department, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, AL5 2JQ, United Kingdom
Ball, B.V., AgroEcology Department, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, AL5 2JQ, United Kingdom
Blanchard, P., Anses, Sophia-Antipolis Laboratory, Bee Diseases Unit, BP 111, Sophia Antipolis, 06902, France
Budge, G.E., National Bee Unit, Food and Environment Research Agency, Sand Hutton, York, YO41 1LZ, United Kingdom
Chejanovsky, N., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Chen, Y.-P., USDA-ARS, Bee Research Lab., BARC-E Bldg 306, Beltsville, MD 20705, United States
Gauthier, L., Swiss Bee Research Center, Agroscope Liebefeld-Posieux (ALP), Schwarzenburgstr. 161, Bern, CH-3003, Switzerland
Genersch, E., Institute for Bee Research, Friedrich-Engels-Str. 32, Hohen Neuendorf, 16540, Germany
De Graaf, D.C., Laboratory of Zoophysiology, Department of Physiology, Ghent University, Ghent, B-9000, Belgium
Ribière, M., Anses, Sophia-Antipolis Laboratory, Bee Diseases Unit, BP 111, Sophia Antipolis, 06902, France
Ryabov, E., School of Life Sciences, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, United Kingdom
De Smet, L., Laboratory of Zoophysiology, Department of Physiology, Ghent University, Ghent, B-9000, Belgium
Van Der Steen, J.J.M., Plant Research International, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Business Unit Biointeractions and Plant Health, Box 16, Wageningen, 6700AA, Netherlands
Standard methods for virus research in Apis mellifera
Honey bee virus research is an enormously broad area, ranging from subcellular molecular biology through physiology and behaviour, to individual and colony-level symptoms, transmission and epidemiology. The research methods used in virology are therefore equally diverse. This article covers those methods that are very particular to virological research in bees, with numerous cross-referrals to other BEEBOOK papers on more general methods, used in virology as well as other research. At the root of these methods is the realization that viruses at their most primary level inhabit a molecular, subcellular world, which they manipulate and interact with, to produce all higher order phenomena associated with virus infection and disease. Secondly, that viruses operate in an exponential world, while the host operates in a linear world and that much of the understanding and management of viruses hinges on reconciling these fundamental mathematical differences between virus and host. The article concentrates heavily on virus propagation and methods for detection, with minor excursions into surveying, sampling management and background information on the many viruses found in bees. © IBRA 2013.
Scientific Publication
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