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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Water status and carbohydrate pools in tulip bulbs during dormancy release
Year:
2003
Source of publication :
New Phytologist
Authors :
צמח, חניתה
;
.
קמנצקי, רינה
;
.
Volume :
158
Co-Authors:
Kamenetsky, R., Dept. of Ornamental Horticulture, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Zemah, H., Dept. of Ornamental Horticulture, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Ranwala, A.P., Department of Horticulture, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, United States
Vergeldt, F., Laboratory of Biophysics, Wageningen NMR Centre, Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands
Ranwala, N.K., Department of Horticulture, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, United States
Miller, W.B., Department of Horticulture, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, United States
Van As, H., Laboratory of Biophysics, Wageningen NMR Centre, Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands
Bendel, P., Department of Chemical Services, MR Center, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
109
To page:
118
(
Total pages:
10
)
Abstract:
Changes in the physical state of cellular water and its interrelations with carbohydrate metabolism were studied during preplanting storage of tulip bulbs (Tulipa gesneriana 'Apeldoorn'). Magnetic resonance imaging, light and scanning electron microscopy and high-performance anion exchange chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection were used to follow time-dependent changes during bulb storage at 17 or 20°C (nonchilled) or 4°C (chilled). No visible differences in scale structure and central bud development were observed microscopically between chilled and nonchilled bulbs. However, the scales of the chilled bulbs exhibited higher water content, faster starch degradation and increased concentrations of sucrose and ethanol-soluble fructan. Quantitative measurements of magnetization transfer (MT) indicated a smaller fraction of a solid or a restricted-mobility proton pool in the scales of the chilled bulbs. By contrast, the MT effect was significantly higher in the central bud of the chilled than in the non-chilled bulbs. Degradation of storage polysaccharides to low-molecular-weight sugar molecules during release from dormancy could be accompanied by local release of water molecules tightly bound to the polysaccharide granules into the bulk water, or by an influx of free water molecules due to increased osmotic potential caused by the raised sugar concentration, or by a combination of both effects.
Note:
Related Files :
dormancy
Tulipa
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1046/j.1469-8137.2003.00719.x
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
20493
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:37
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Water status and carbohydrate pools in tulip bulbs during dormancy release
158
Kamenetsky, R., Dept. of Ornamental Horticulture, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Zemah, H., Dept. of Ornamental Horticulture, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Ranwala, A.P., Department of Horticulture, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, United States
Vergeldt, F., Laboratory of Biophysics, Wageningen NMR Centre, Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands
Ranwala, N.K., Department of Horticulture, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, United States
Miller, W.B., Department of Horticulture, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, United States
Van As, H., Laboratory of Biophysics, Wageningen NMR Centre, Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands
Bendel, P., Department of Chemical Services, MR Center, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
Water status and carbohydrate pools in tulip bulbs during dormancy release
Changes in the physical state of cellular water and its interrelations with carbohydrate metabolism were studied during preplanting storage of tulip bulbs (Tulipa gesneriana 'Apeldoorn'). Magnetic resonance imaging, light and scanning electron microscopy and high-performance anion exchange chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection were used to follow time-dependent changes during bulb storage at 17 or 20°C (nonchilled) or 4°C (chilled). No visible differences in scale structure and central bud development were observed microscopically between chilled and nonchilled bulbs. However, the scales of the chilled bulbs exhibited higher water content, faster starch degradation and increased concentrations of sucrose and ethanol-soluble fructan. Quantitative measurements of magnetization transfer (MT) indicated a smaller fraction of a solid or a restricted-mobility proton pool in the scales of the chilled bulbs. By contrast, the MT effect was significantly higher in the central bud of the chilled than in the non-chilled bulbs. Degradation of storage polysaccharides to low-molecular-weight sugar molecules during release from dormancy could be accompanied by local release of water molecules tightly bound to the polysaccharide granules into the bulk water, or by an influx of free water molecules due to increased osmotic potential caused by the raised sugar concentration, or by a combination of both effects.
Scientific Publication
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