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Uzest, M., UMR BGPI, INRA, CIRAD/AgroM, TA A54/K, Campus International Baillarguet, 34398 Montpellier Cedex 05, France
Gargani, D., UMR BGPI, INRA, CIRAD/AgroM, TA A54/K, Campus International Baillarguet, 34398 Montpellier Cedex 05, France
Dombrovsky, A., Agricultural Research Organization - the Volcani Center, P.O.B. 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Cazevieille, C., Institut Universitaire, Recherche Clinique, 34093 Montpellier, France
Cot, D., Institut Européen des Membranes, UMR 5635, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 05, France
Blanc, S., UMR BGPI, INRA, CIRAD/AgroM, TA A54/K, Campus International Baillarguet, 34398 Montpellier Cedex 05, France
The recent demonstration that a plant virus could be retained on protein receptors located exclusively in a small area inside the common duct at the tip of aphid maxillary stylets indicated the possible existence of a distinct anatomical structure at this level. Since no distinct feature within the common duct of any aphid species has ever been reported in the literature, we first carefully re-examined the distal extremity of the maxillary stylets of Acyrthosiphon pisum using transmission- and scanning-electron microscopy. Here, we describe an area of the cuticle surface displaying a different structure that is limited to a "band" paving the bottom of the common duct in each opposing maxillary stylet. This band starts at the very distal extremity, adopts a "comma-like" shape as it continues up towards the salivary canal, reducing in width and disappearing before actually reaching it. Investigations on several aphid species led to the conclusion that this anatomical feature-which we have tentatively named the "acrostyle"-is highly conserved among aphids. We then produced an antibody recognizing a consensus peptide located in the middle of the RR-2 motif of cuticular proteins from A. pisum and showed that this motif is accessible specifically within the acrostyle, indicating a higher concentration of cuticular proteins. While it is clear that at least some viruses can use the acrostyle to interact with their aphid vectors to ensure plant-to-plant transmission, the role of this new "organ" in aphid biology is unknown and calls for further investigation in the near future. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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The "acrostyle": A newly described anatomical structure in aphid stylets
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Uzest, M., UMR BGPI, INRA, CIRAD/AgroM, TA A54/K, Campus International Baillarguet, 34398 Montpellier Cedex 05, France
Gargani, D., UMR BGPI, INRA, CIRAD/AgroM, TA A54/K, Campus International Baillarguet, 34398 Montpellier Cedex 05, France
Dombrovsky, A., Agricultural Research Organization - the Volcani Center, P.O.B. 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Cazevieille, C., Institut Universitaire, Recherche Clinique, 34093 Montpellier, France
Cot, D., Institut Européen des Membranes, UMR 5635, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 05, France
Blanc, S., UMR BGPI, INRA, CIRAD/AgroM, TA A54/K, Campus International Baillarguet, 34398 Montpellier Cedex 05, France
The "acrostyle": A newly described anatomical structure in aphid stylets
The recent demonstration that a plant virus could be retained on protein receptors located exclusively in a small area inside the common duct at the tip of aphid maxillary stylets indicated the possible existence of a distinct anatomical structure at this level. Since no distinct feature within the common duct of any aphid species has ever been reported in the literature, we first carefully re-examined the distal extremity of the maxillary stylets of Acyrthosiphon pisum using transmission- and scanning-electron microscopy. Here, we describe an area of the cuticle surface displaying a different structure that is limited to a "band" paving the bottom of the common duct in each opposing maxillary stylet. This band starts at the very distal extremity, adopts a "comma-like" shape as it continues up towards the salivary canal, reducing in width and disappearing before actually reaching it. Investigations on several aphid species led to the conclusion that this anatomical feature-which we have tentatively named the "acrostyle"-is highly conserved among aphids. We then produced an antibody recognizing a consensus peptide located in the middle of the RR-2 motif of cuticular proteins from A. pisum and showed that this motif is accessible specifically within the acrostyle, indicating a higher concentration of cuticular proteins. While it is clear that at least some viruses can use the acrostyle to interact with their aphid vectors to ensure plant-to-plant transmission, the role of this new "organ" in aphid biology is unknown and calls for further investigation in the near future. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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