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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
The cucurbits of Mediterranean antiquity: Identification of taxa from ancient images and descriptions
Year:
2007
Source of publication :
Annals of Botany
Authors :
פריס, הרי
;
.
Volume :
100
Co-Authors:
Janick, J., Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Purdue University, 625 Agriculture Mall Drive, West Lafayette, IN 47907-2010, United States
Paris, H.S., Department of Vegetable Crops and Plant Genetics, Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, PO Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30-095, Israel
Parrish, D.C., Rueff Department of Visual and Performing Arts, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-2002, United States
Facilitators :
From page:
1441
To page:
1457
(
Total pages:
17
)
Abstract:
• Background: A critical analysis was made of cucurbit descriptions in Dioscorides' De Materia Medica, Columella's De Re Rustica and Pliny's Historia Naturalis, works on medicine, agriculture and natural science of the 1st century ce, as well as the Mishna and Tosefta, compilations of rabbinic law derived from the same time period together with cucurbit images dating from antiquity including paintings, mosaics and sculpture. The goal was to identify taxonomically the Mediterranean cucurbits at the time of the Roman Empire. • Findings: By ancient times, long-fruited forms of Cucumis melo (melon) and Lagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd) were selected, cultivated and used as vegetables around the Mediterranean and, in addition, bottle-shaped fruits of L. siceraria were employed as vessels. Citrullus lanatus (watermelons) and round-fruited forms of Cucumis melo (melons) were also consumed, but less commonly. A number of cucurbit species, including Bryonia alba, B. dioica, Citrullus colocynthis and Ecballium elaterium, were employed for medicinal purposes. No unequivocal evidence was found to suggest the presence of Cucumis sativus (cucumber) in the Mediterranean area during this era. The cucumis of Columella and Pliny was not cucumber, as commonly translated, but Cucumis melo subsp. melo Flexuosus Group (snake melon or vegetable melon). © The Author 2007. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Annals of Botany Company. All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
Citrullus colocynthis
Citrullus lanatus
Cucumis melo
Cucumis sativus
Cucurbitaceae
Ecballium elaterium
Genetics
Review
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1093/aob/mcm242
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
סקירה
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
20618
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:37
Scientific Publication
The cucurbits of Mediterranean antiquity: Identification of taxa from ancient images and descriptions
100
Janick, J., Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Purdue University, 625 Agriculture Mall Drive, West Lafayette, IN 47907-2010, United States
Paris, H.S., Department of Vegetable Crops and Plant Genetics, Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, PO Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30-095, Israel
Parrish, D.C., Rueff Department of Visual and Performing Arts, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-2002, United States
The cucurbits of Mediterranean antiquity: Identification of taxa from ancient images and descriptions
• Background: A critical analysis was made of cucurbit descriptions in Dioscorides' De Materia Medica, Columella's De Re Rustica and Pliny's Historia Naturalis, works on medicine, agriculture and natural science of the 1st century ce, as well as the Mishna and Tosefta, compilations of rabbinic law derived from the same time period together with cucurbit images dating from antiquity including paintings, mosaics and sculpture. The goal was to identify taxonomically the Mediterranean cucurbits at the time of the Roman Empire. • Findings: By ancient times, long-fruited forms of Cucumis melo (melon) and Lagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd) were selected, cultivated and used as vegetables around the Mediterranean and, in addition, bottle-shaped fruits of L. siceraria were employed as vessels. Citrullus lanatus (watermelons) and round-fruited forms of Cucumis melo (melons) were also consumed, but less commonly. A number of cucurbit species, including Bryonia alba, B. dioica, Citrullus colocynthis and Ecballium elaterium, were employed for medicinal purposes. No unequivocal evidence was found to suggest the presence of Cucumis sativus (cucumber) in the Mediterranean area during this era. The cucumis of Columella and Pliny was not cucumber, as commonly translated, but Cucumis melo subsp. melo Flexuosus Group (snake melon or vegetable melon). © The Author 2007. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Annals of Botany Company. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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