חיפוש מתקדם
Poultry Science
Piestun, Y., Institute of Animal Science, ARO the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Druyan, S., Institute of Animal Science, ARO the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Brake, J., Department of Poultry Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695-7608, United States
Yahav, S., Institute of Animal Science, ARO the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Recent decades have seen significant progress in the genetic selection of fast-growing broiler chickens. Whereas in many countries the average marketing age is 5 to 6 wk, the US, French, and other markets demand heavier broilers (~4 kg) that require a longer posthatching growing period. With greater age and greater BW, the ability to cope with hot weather conditions deteriorates, which can result in increased economic losses during periods of hot weather. Recent studies have demonstrated a long-lasting effect of intermittent thermal manipulation (TM) during embryogenesis, when it was applied for 12 h/d between embryonic (E) days E7 and E16, which was shown by improved thermotolerance during acute posthatching heat stress as well as improved feed conversion ratio (FCR) and breast muscle yield. The present study was designed to elucidate the effect of TM during embryogenesis on Cobb 500 broiler performance up to 70 d of age. Hatchability and male BW were not affected by TM, but TM females demonstrated a lower (P = 0.024) BW during the entire 70-d posthatching study. However, following embryonic TM, both sexes exhibited lower (P = 0.028 and P = 0.018 for males and females, respectively) feed intake and body temperature accompanied by improved FCR and greater breast muscle weight. In light of the present and previous studies, it was concluded that intermittent TM during broiler embryonic development had a long-lasting effect on energy balance that led to improved FCR and breast muscle yield. © 2013 Poultry Science Association Inc.
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Thermal manipulations during broiler incubation alter performance of broilers to 70 days of age
92
Piestun, Y., Institute of Animal Science, ARO the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Druyan, S., Institute of Animal Science, ARO the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Brake, J., Department of Poultry Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695-7608, United States
Yahav, S., Institute of Animal Science, ARO the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Thermal manipulations during broiler incubation alter performance of broilers to 70 days of age
Recent decades have seen significant progress in the genetic selection of fast-growing broiler chickens. Whereas in many countries the average marketing age is 5 to 6 wk, the US, French, and other markets demand heavier broilers (~4 kg) that require a longer posthatching growing period. With greater age and greater BW, the ability to cope with hot weather conditions deteriorates, which can result in increased economic losses during periods of hot weather. Recent studies have demonstrated a long-lasting effect of intermittent thermal manipulation (TM) during embryogenesis, when it was applied for 12 h/d between embryonic (E) days E7 and E16, which was shown by improved thermotolerance during acute posthatching heat stress as well as improved feed conversion ratio (FCR) and breast muscle yield. The present study was designed to elucidate the effect of TM during embryogenesis on Cobb 500 broiler performance up to 70 d of age. Hatchability and male BW were not affected by TM, but TM females demonstrated a lower (P = 0.024) BW during the entire 70-d posthatching study. However, following embryonic TM, both sexes exhibited lower (P = 0.028 and P = 0.018 for males and females, respectively) feed intake and body temperature accompanied by improved FCR and greater breast muscle weight. In light of the present and previous studies, it was concluded that intermittent TM during broiler embryonic development had a long-lasting effect on energy balance that led to improved FCR and breast muscle yield. © 2013 Poultry Science Association Inc.
Scientific Publication
You may also be interested in