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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Interspecific RNA interference of SHOOT MERISTEMLESS-like disrupts Cuscuta pentagona plant parasitism
Year:
2012
Source of publication :
Plant Cell
Authors :
דוד-שוורץ, רקפת
;
.
Volume :
24
Co-Authors:
Alakonya, A., Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Kenyatta University, 43844-00100 Nairobi, Kenya, Section of Plant Biology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States
Kumar, R., Section of Plant Biology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States
Koenig, D., Section of Plant Biology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States
Kimura, S., Section of Plant Biology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States, Department of Bioresource and Environmental Sciences, Kyoto Sangyo University, Kamigamomotoyama, Kita-ku, Kyoto 603-8555, Japan
Townsley, B., Section of Plant Biology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States
Runo, S., Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Kenyatta University, 43844-00100 Nairobi, Kenya
Garces, H.M., Section of Plant Biology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom M13 9PT, United Kingdom
Kang, J., Section of Plant Biology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States, Biology Department, University of Northern Iowa, 144 x McCollum Science Hall, Cedar Falls, IA 50614, United States
Yanez, A., Section of Plant Biology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States
David-Schwartz, R., Section of Plant Biology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States, Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Israel
Machuka, J., Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Kenyatta University, 43844-00100 Nairobi, Kenya
Sinha, N., Section of Plant Biology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States
Facilitators :
From page:
3153
To page:
3166
(
Total pages:
14
)
Abstract:
Infection of crop species by parasitic plants is a major agricultural hindrance resulting in substantial crop losses worldwide. Parasitic plants establish vascular connections with the host plant via structures termed haustoria, which allow acquisition of water and nutrients, often to the detriment of the infected host. Despite the agricultural impact of parasitic plants, the molecular and developmental processes by which host/parasitic interactions are established are not well understood. Here, we examine the development and subsequent establishment of haustorial connections by the parasite dodder (Cuscuta pentagona) on tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) plants. Formation of haustoria in dodder is accompanied by upregulation of dodder KNOTTED-like homeobox transcription factors, including SHOOT MERISTEMLESS-like (STM). We demonstrate interspecific silencing of a STM gene in dodder driven by a vascular-specific promoter in transgenic host plants and find that this silencing disrupts dodder growth. The reduced efficacy of dodder infection on STM RNA interference transgenics results from defects in haustorial connection, development, and establishment. Identification of transgene-specific small RNAs in the parasite, coupled with reduced parasite fecundity and increased growth of the infected host, demonstrates the efficacy of interspecific small RNA-mediated silencing of parasite genes. This technology has the potential to be an effective method of biological control of plant parasite infection. © 2012 American Society of Plant Biologists. All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
arabidopsis
Cuscuta
Genetics
Growth, Development and Aging
Parasitology
Plant Disease
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1105/tpc.112.099994
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
20788
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:39
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Scientific Publication
Interspecific RNA interference of SHOOT MERISTEMLESS-like disrupts Cuscuta pentagona plant parasitism
24
Alakonya, A., Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Kenyatta University, 43844-00100 Nairobi, Kenya, Section of Plant Biology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States
Kumar, R., Section of Plant Biology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States
Koenig, D., Section of Plant Biology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States
Kimura, S., Section of Plant Biology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States, Department of Bioresource and Environmental Sciences, Kyoto Sangyo University, Kamigamomotoyama, Kita-ku, Kyoto 603-8555, Japan
Townsley, B., Section of Plant Biology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States
Runo, S., Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Kenyatta University, 43844-00100 Nairobi, Kenya
Garces, H.M., Section of Plant Biology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom M13 9PT, United Kingdom
Kang, J., Section of Plant Biology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States, Biology Department, University of Northern Iowa, 144 x McCollum Science Hall, Cedar Falls, IA 50614, United States
Yanez, A., Section of Plant Biology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States
David-Schwartz, R., Section of Plant Biology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States, Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Israel
Machuka, J., Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Kenyatta University, 43844-00100 Nairobi, Kenya
Sinha, N., Section of Plant Biology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States
Interspecific RNA interference of SHOOT MERISTEMLESS-like disrupts Cuscuta pentagona plant parasitism
Infection of crop species by parasitic plants is a major agricultural hindrance resulting in substantial crop losses worldwide. Parasitic plants establish vascular connections with the host plant via structures termed haustoria, which allow acquisition of water and nutrients, often to the detriment of the infected host. Despite the agricultural impact of parasitic plants, the molecular and developmental processes by which host/parasitic interactions are established are not well understood. Here, we examine the development and subsequent establishment of haustorial connections by the parasite dodder (Cuscuta pentagona) on tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) plants. Formation of haustoria in dodder is accompanied by upregulation of dodder KNOTTED-like homeobox transcription factors, including SHOOT MERISTEMLESS-like (STM). We demonstrate interspecific silencing of a STM gene in dodder driven by a vascular-specific promoter in transgenic host plants and find that this silencing disrupts dodder growth. The reduced efficacy of dodder infection on STM RNA interference transgenics results from defects in haustorial connection, development, and establishment. Identification of transgene-specific small RNAs in the parasite, coupled with reduced parasite fecundity and increased growth of the infected host, demonstrates the efficacy of interspecific small RNA-mediated silencing of parasite genes. This technology has the potential to be an effective method of biological control of plant parasite infection. © 2012 American Society of Plant Biologists. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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