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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Preharvest solar heat treatment for summer Basil (Ocimum basilicum) affects decay during shipment and shelf life
Year:
2010
Source of publication :
Acta Horticulturae
Authors :
אהרון, ציון
;
.
אהרוני, נחמיה
;
.
עובדיה, אלונה
;
.
צ'לופוביץ, דניאל
;
.
קניגסבוך, דוד
;
.
Volume :
880
Co-Authors:
Kenigsbuch, D., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Institute for Technology and Storage of Agricultural Products, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Chalupowicz, D., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Institute for Technology and Storage of Agricultural Products, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Aharon, Z., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Institute for Technology and Storage of Agricultural Products, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Maurer, D., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Institute for Technology and Storage of Agricultural Products, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Ovadia, A., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Institute for Technology and Storage of Agricultural Products, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Aharoni, N., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Institute for Technology and Storage of Agricultural Products, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
161
To page:
166
(
Total pages:
6
)
Abstract:
Basil (Ocimum basilicum) is the major fresh herb crop exported from Israel. In the past several years, there have been reports of black spots developing during shipment of summer basil. This phenomenon was more severe as the plants got older. Symptoms did not appear in the greenhouse, but appeared and increased after harvest. Three years of study indicated that the black spots contained pathogens, mainly Alternaria sp. The pathogen penetrated the leaf during growth and remained latent in the plant tissue until harvest. We found that heat treatment, given to the basil in the greenhouse two to three days before harvest, eliminated the problem almost completely. The treatment involved closing the greenhouse and allowing temperature to rise above 42°C for several hours. The treatment was more efficient when basil was harvested in the afternoon compared to morning harvest. This physical treatment was more effective than a chemical treatment with polyoxin.
Note:
Related Files :
Alternaria
Alternaria sp.
Black spots
greenhouse
Ocimum
Ocimum basilicum
Polyoxin
Shade net
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
20928
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:40
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Preharvest solar heat treatment for summer Basil (Ocimum basilicum) affects decay during shipment and shelf life
880
Kenigsbuch, D., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Institute for Technology and Storage of Agricultural Products, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Chalupowicz, D., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Institute for Technology and Storage of Agricultural Products, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Aharon, Z., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Institute for Technology and Storage of Agricultural Products, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Maurer, D., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Institute for Technology and Storage of Agricultural Products, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Ovadia, A., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Institute for Technology and Storage of Agricultural Products, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Aharoni, N., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Institute for Technology and Storage of Agricultural Products, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Preharvest solar heat treatment for summer Basil (Ocimum basilicum) affects decay during shipment and shelf life
Basil (Ocimum basilicum) is the major fresh herb crop exported from Israel. In the past several years, there have been reports of black spots developing during shipment of summer basil. This phenomenon was more severe as the plants got older. Symptoms did not appear in the greenhouse, but appeared and increased after harvest. Three years of study indicated that the black spots contained pathogens, mainly Alternaria sp. The pathogen penetrated the leaf during growth and remained latent in the plant tissue until harvest. We found that heat treatment, given to the basil in the greenhouse two to three days before harvest, eliminated the problem almost completely. The treatment involved closing the greenhouse and allowing temperature to rise above 42°C for several hours. The treatment was more efficient when basil was harvested in the afternoon compared to morning harvest. This physical treatment was more effective than a chemical treatment with polyoxin.
Scientific Publication
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