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Shemesh, E., Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Science and Genetics in Agriculture, Faculty of Agricultural, Food, and Environmental Quality Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel, Department of Ornamental Horticulture, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Scholten, O., Plant Research International, Wageningen University and Research Centre, PO Box 16, 6700 AA Wageningen, Netherlands
Rabinowitch, H.D., Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Science and Genetics in Agriculture, Faculty of Agricultural, Food, and Environmental Quality Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Kamenetsky, R., Department of Ornamental Horticulture, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Recent collections of fertile garlic (Allium sativum) accessions from Central Asia allow a detailed study of seedling developments and the evaluation of inherent variations. We hereby provide a comprehensive account of the ontogenesis of a population of garlic seedlings and their vegetative and reproductive traits. A nucleotide binding site profiling marker technology was applied to provide conclusive evidence for the cross-pollination nature of garlic, and to compare the levels of polymorphism between progeny derived from a single mother clone fertilized by several pollinators. The seedlings' population demonstrates a large variation in vegetative and reproductive characters, including bulbing ability, bulb color and size, clove number, and response to environmental conditions, similar to that of the genepool of vegetatively propagated garlic clones. In addition, a large variation in flowering and seed production ability was recorded. The understanding of garlic physiology, the availability of the large variability unleashed by sexual reproduction, and the possible utilization of sexual hybridization opens the way for genetic studies and breeding work. © 2008 Springer-Verlag.
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Unlocking variability: Inherent variation and developmental traits of garlic plants originated from sexual reproduction
227
Shemesh, E., Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Science and Genetics in Agriculture, Faculty of Agricultural, Food, and Environmental Quality Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel, Department of Ornamental Horticulture, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Scholten, O., Plant Research International, Wageningen University and Research Centre, PO Box 16, 6700 AA Wageningen, Netherlands
Rabinowitch, H.D., Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Science and Genetics in Agriculture, Faculty of Agricultural, Food, and Environmental Quality Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Kamenetsky, R., Department of Ornamental Horticulture, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Unlocking variability: Inherent variation and developmental traits of garlic plants originated from sexual reproduction
Recent collections of fertile garlic (Allium sativum) accessions from Central Asia allow a detailed study of seedling developments and the evaluation of inherent variations. We hereby provide a comprehensive account of the ontogenesis of a population of garlic seedlings and their vegetative and reproductive traits. A nucleotide binding site profiling marker technology was applied to provide conclusive evidence for the cross-pollination nature of garlic, and to compare the levels of polymorphism between progeny derived from a single mother clone fertilized by several pollinators. The seedlings' population demonstrates a large variation in vegetative and reproductive characters, including bulbing ability, bulb color and size, clove number, and response to environmental conditions, similar to that of the genepool of vegetatively propagated garlic clones. In addition, a large variation in flowering and seed production ability was recorded. The understanding of garlic physiology, the availability of the large variability unleashed by sexual reproduction, and the possible utilization of sexual hybridization opens the way for genetic studies and breeding work. © 2008 Springer-Verlag.
Scientific Publication
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