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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Hepatitis C, B, and human immunodeficiency virus infections in illicit drug users in Israel: Prevalence and risk factors
Year:
2008
Source of publication :
Israel Medical Association Journal
Authors :
עזרא, דוד
;
.
Volume :
10
Co-Authors:
Loebstein, R., Institute of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer 52621, Israel
Mahagna, R., Department of Medicine, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer 52621, Israel
Maor, Y., Department of Infectious Diseases, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer 52621, Israel, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Israel
Kurnik, D., Institute of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer 52621, Israel, Department of Medicine, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer 52621, Israel
Elbaz, E., National Center for Diagnosis and Follow up of Drug Addicts, Tel Aviv-Jaffa, Israel
Halkin, H., Institute of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer 52621, Israel
Olchovsky, D., Department of Medicine, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer 52621, Israel
Ezra, D., Department of Medicine, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer 52621, Israel
Almog, S., Institute of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer 52621, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
775
To page:
778
(
Total pages:
4
)
Abstract:
Background: Infections with blood-borne viruses are a major health problem among illicit drug users. There is little information about infection rates and risk factors for hepatitis virus B, C or the human immunodeficiency virus in drug users in Israel. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of HCV, HBV and HIV infections in a large cohort of drug users in Israel; to compare rates of HCV, HBV and HIV between injecting versus non-injecting drug users and between different countries of origin; and to identify risk factors for HCV among illicit drug users. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study using an interviewer-administered questionnaire and serological screening for HCV, HBV and HIV in 1443 consecutive drug users diagnosed at the Israeli National Center for Diagnosis of Drug Addicts between January 2003 and December 2005. Results: Fourteen (0.9%), 51 (3.5%) and 515 (35.7%) subjects tested positive for HIV, HBV and HCV, respectively. All three infections (HIV, HBV and HCV) were significantly more common among injecting drug users and immigrants from the former Soviet Union and other East European countries compared to native Israelis. Multivariate analysis showed that HCV infection was associated with age (> 40 years) (OR=2.06, 95% CI 1.40-3.03), immigration from East European countries and the former Soviet Union (OR=4.54, 95% CI 3.28-6.28), and injecting drug use {OR=16.44, 95% CI 10.79-25.05). Conclusions: HIV, HBV and HCV prevalence among drug users in Israel is significantly lower than in North America and West Europe. Risk factors for HCV infection in this population include injecting drug use, older age, and immigration from the former Soviet Union.
Note:
Related Files :
adult
Female
Hepatitis C
Israel
Male
retrospective study
substance abuse
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
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DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
21300
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:43
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Scientific Publication
Hepatitis C, B, and human immunodeficiency virus infections in illicit drug users in Israel: Prevalence and risk factors
10
Loebstein, R., Institute of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer 52621, Israel
Mahagna, R., Department of Medicine, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer 52621, Israel
Maor, Y., Department of Infectious Diseases, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer 52621, Israel, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Israel
Kurnik, D., Institute of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer 52621, Israel, Department of Medicine, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer 52621, Israel
Elbaz, E., National Center for Diagnosis and Follow up of Drug Addicts, Tel Aviv-Jaffa, Israel
Halkin, H., Institute of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer 52621, Israel
Olchovsky, D., Department of Medicine, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer 52621, Israel
Ezra, D., Department of Medicine, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer 52621, Israel
Almog, S., Institute of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer 52621, Israel
Hepatitis C, B, and human immunodeficiency virus infections in illicit drug users in Israel: Prevalence and risk factors
Background: Infections with blood-borne viruses are a major health problem among illicit drug users. There is little information about infection rates and risk factors for hepatitis virus B, C or the human immunodeficiency virus in drug users in Israel. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of HCV, HBV and HIV infections in a large cohort of drug users in Israel; to compare rates of HCV, HBV and HIV between injecting versus non-injecting drug users and between different countries of origin; and to identify risk factors for HCV among illicit drug users. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study using an interviewer-administered questionnaire and serological screening for HCV, HBV and HIV in 1443 consecutive drug users diagnosed at the Israeli National Center for Diagnosis of Drug Addicts between January 2003 and December 2005. Results: Fourteen (0.9%), 51 (3.5%) and 515 (35.7%) subjects tested positive for HIV, HBV and HCV, respectively. All three infections (HIV, HBV and HCV) were significantly more common among injecting drug users and immigrants from the former Soviet Union and other East European countries compared to native Israelis. Multivariate analysis showed that HCV infection was associated with age (> 40 years) (OR=2.06, 95% CI 1.40-3.03), immigration from East European countries and the former Soviet Union (OR=4.54, 95% CI 3.28-6.28), and injecting drug use {OR=16.44, 95% CI 10.79-25.05). Conclusions: HIV, HBV and HCV prevalence among drug users in Israel is significantly lower than in North America and West Europe. Risk factors for HCV infection in this population include injecting drug use, older age, and immigration from the former Soviet Union.
Scientific Publication
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