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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Characterization of aromatic aminotransferases from Ephedra sinica Stapf
Year:
2016
Source of publication :
Amino Acids
Authors :
לוינסון, אפרים
;
.
Volume :
48
Co-Authors:
Kilpatrick, K., Department of Biology, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Genomics and Biotechnology, London Research and Development Centre, 1391 Sandford St., London, ON, Canada
Pajak, A., Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Genomics and Biotechnology, London Research and Development Centre, 1391 Sandford St., London, ON, Canada
Hagel, J.M., Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
Sumarah, M.W., Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Genomics and Biotechnology, London Research and Development Centre, 1391 Sandford St., London, ON, Canada
Lewinsohn, E., Department of Aromatic, Medicinal and Spice Crops, Newe ya'Ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Ramat Yishay, Israel
Facchini, P.J., Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
Marsolais, F., Department of Biology, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Genomics and Biotechnology, London Research and Development Centre, 1391 Sandford St., London, ON, Canada
Facilitators :
From page:
1209
To page:
1220
(
Total pages:
12
)
Abstract:
Ephedra sinica Stapf (Ephedraceae) is a broom-like shrub cultivated in arid regions of China, Korea and Japan. This plant accumulates large amounts of the ephedrine alkaloids in its aerial tissues. These analogs of amphetamine mimic the actions of adrenaline and stimulate the sympathetic nervous system. While much is known about their pharmacological properties, the mechanisms by which they are synthesized remain largely unknown. A functional genomics platform was established to investigate their biosynthesis. Candidate enzymes were obtained from an expressed sequence tag collection based on similarity to characterized enzymes with similar functions. Two aromatic aminotransferases, EsAroAT1 and EsAroAT2, were characterized. The results of quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction indicated that both genes are expressed in young stem tissue, where ephedrine alkaloids are synthesized, and in mature stem tissue. Nickel affinity-purified recombinant EsAroAT1 exhibited higher catalytic activity and was more homogeneous than EsAroAT2 as determined by size-exclusion chromatography. EsAroAT1 was highly active as a tyrosine aminotransferase with α-ketoglutarate followed by α-ketomethylthiobutyrate and very low activity with phenylpyruvate. In the reverse direction, catalytic efficiency was similar for the formation of all three aromatic amino acids using l-glutamate. Neither enzyme accepted putative intermediates in the ephedrine alkaloid biosynthetic pathway, S-phenylacetylcarbinol or 1-phenylpropane-1,2-dione, as substrates. © 2016 Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada as represented by The Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food.
Note:
Related Files :
Aminotransferase
Aromatic amino acids
Ephedra sinensis Stapf Ephedraceae
l-Tyrosine
Pyridoxal 5′-phosphate
Transcriptome analysis
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1007/s00726-015-2156-1
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
21361
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:43
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Scientific Publication
Characterization of aromatic aminotransferases from Ephedra sinica Stapf
48
Kilpatrick, K., Department of Biology, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Genomics and Biotechnology, London Research and Development Centre, 1391 Sandford St., London, ON, Canada
Pajak, A., Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Genomics and Biotechnology, London Research and Development Centre, 1391 Sandford St., London, ON, Canada
Hagel, J.M., Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
Sumarah, M.W., Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Genomics and Biotechnology, London Research and Development Centre, 1391 Sandford St., London, ON, Canada
Lewinsohn, E., Department of Aromatic, Medicinal and Spice Crops, Newe ya'Ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Ramat Yishay, Israel
Facchini, P.J., Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
Marsolais, F., Department of Biology, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Genomics and Biotechnology, London Research and Development Centre, 1391 Sandford St., London, ON, Canada
Characterization of aromatic aminotransferases from Ephedra sinica Stapf
Ephedra sinica Stapf (Ephedraceae) is a broom-like shrub cultivated in arid regions of China, Korea and Japan. This plant accumulates large amounts of the ephedrine alkaloids in its aerial tissues. These analogs of amphetamine mimic the actions of adrenaline and stimulate the sympathetic nervous system. While much is known about their pharmacological properties, the mechanisms by which they are synthesized remain largely unknown. A functional genomics platform was established to investigate their biosynthesis. Candidate enzymes were obtained from an expressed sequence tag collection based on similarity to characterized enzymes with similar functions. Two aromatic aminotransferases, EsAroAT1 and EsAroAT2, were characterized. The results of quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction indicated that both genes are expressed in young stem tissue, where ephedrine alkaloids are synthesized, and in mature stem tissue. Nickel affinity-purified recombinant EsAroAT1 exhibited higher catalytic activity and was more homogeneous than EsAroAT2 as determined by size-exclusion chromatography. EsAroAT1 was highly active as a tyrosine aminotransferase with α-ketoglutarate followed by α-ketomethylthiobutyrate and very low activity with phenylpyruvate. In the reverse direction, catalytic efficiency was similar for the formation of all three aromatic amino acids using l-glutamate. Neither enzyme accepted putative intermediates in the ephedrine alkaloid biosynthetic pathway, S-phenylacetylcarbinol or 1-phenylpropane-1,2-dione, as substrates. © 2016 Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada as represented by The Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food.
Scientific Publication
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