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Journal of Experimental Botany
Hendelman, A., Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, 68 HaMaccabim Road, PO Box 15159, Rishon LeZion, Israel
Kravchik, M., Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, 68 HaMaccabim Road, PO Box 15159, Rishon LeZion, Israel
Stav, R., Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, 68 HaMaccabim Road, PO Box 15159, Rishon LeZion, Israel
Frank, W., Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Department Biology i, Plant Molecular Cell Biology, LMU Biocenter, Grosshadernerstr. 2-4, Planegg-Martinsried, Germany
Arazi, T., Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, 68 HaMaccabim Road, PO Box 15159, Rishon LeZion, Israel
The HAIRY MERISTEM (HAM) genes function in meristem maintenance but play minor roles in the morphogenesis of a simple leaf that is determinate. Here, we functionally analyzed HAM genes in tomato and uncovered their involvement in compound leaf morphogenesis. Tomato encodes three HAM homologs, of which SlHAM and SlHAM2 (SlHAMs) are guided for cleavage by microRNA171 and are abundant in the shoot and floral meristems as well as in the compound leaf primordia. We found that SlHAMs silencing led to overproliferation of cells in the periphery of the meristems where SlHAM is localized. As in meristems, leaf-specific silencing of SlHAMs provoked overproliferation of meristematic cells in the organogenic compound leaf rachis. We further demonstrate that the meristematic cell overproliferation in both meristems and leaves was in part due to the misexpression of the stem cell regulator WUSCHEL, previously shown to be induced by cytokinin. Strikingly, reduction of cytokinin levels in SlHAMs-silenced leaves completely suppressed the overproliferation phenotype, suggesting a regulatory link between SlHAMs and cytokinin, a key hormone found to promote indeterminacy in meristems and leaves. Taken together, our data provide evidence that in addition to their conserved function in meristem maintenance, SlHAMs are also required for the proper morphogenesis of the compound leaf. © 2016 The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Experimental Biology.
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הספר "אוצר וולקני"
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תנאי שימוש
Tomato HAIRY MERISTEM genes are involved in meristem maintenance and compound leaf morphogenesis
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Hendelman, A., Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, 68 HaMaccabim Road, PO Box 15159, Rishon LeZion, Israel
Kravchik, M., Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, 68 HaMaccabim Road, PO Box 15159, Rishon LeZion, Israel
Stav, R., Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, 68 HaMaccabim Road, PO Box 15159, Rishon LeZion, Israel
Frank, W., Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Department Biology i, Plant Molecular Cell Biology, LMU Biocenter, Grosshadernerstr. 2-4, Planegg-Martinsried, Germany
Arazi, T., Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, 68 HaMaccabim Road, PO Box 15159, Rishon LeZion, Israel
Tomato HAIRY MERISTEM genes are involved in meristem maintenance and compound leaf morphogenesis
The HAIRY MERISTEM (HAM) genes function in meristem maintenance but play minor roles in the morphogenesis of a simple leaf that is determinate. Here, we functionally analyzed HAM genes in tomato and uncovered their involvement in compound leaf morphogenesis. Tomato encodes three HAM homologs, of which SlHAM and SlHAM2 (SlHAMs) are guided for cleavage by microRNA171 and are abundant in the shoot and floral meristems as well as in the compound leaf primordia. We found that SlHAMs silencing led to overproliferation of cells in the periphery of the meristems where SlHAM is localized. As in meristems, leaf-specific silencing of SlHAMs provoked overproliferation of meristematic cells in the organogenic compound leaf rachis. We further demonstrate that the meristematic cell overproliferation in both meristems and leaves was in part due to the misexpression of the stem cell regulator WUSCHEL, previously shown to be induced by cytokinin. Strikingly, reduction of cytokinin levels in SlHAMs-silenced leaves completely suppressed the overproliferation phenotype, suggesting a regulatory link between SlHAMs and cytokinin, a key hormone found to promote indeterminacy in meristems and leaves. Taken together, our data provide evidence that in addition to their conserved function in meristem maintenance, SlHAMs are also required for the proper morphogenesis of the compound leaf. © 2016 The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Experimental Biology.
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