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Soil Science
Morin, J., Soil Erosion Research Station, Emeq Hefer, Israel
Keren, R., Institute of Soils and Water, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Benjamini, Y., Soil Erosion Research Station, Emeq Hefer, Israel
Ben-Hur, M., Institute of Soils and Water, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Shainberg, I., Institute of Soils and Water, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
The effect of wetting front depth on the infiltration rate (IR) of Calcic Haploxeralf and Typic Chromoxerert soils was studied under field conditions using a rainfall simulator. In both soils the IR decreased more sharply when the wetting front was deeper, but this difference became smaller as the rainstorm continued. The infiltration rate of the soils at the end of the rainstorm (8 × 10−2m) was 8.5 × 10−3, 6.3 × 10−3, and 5.0 × 10−3m h−1for the Calcic Haploxeralf soil prewetted with water at amounts equivalent to 0, 3 × 10−2, and 2 × 10−1m, respectively, and 1.5 × 10−3, and 1.0 × 10−3m h−1for the Typic Chromoxereret soil prewetted with water at amounts equivalent to 0, and 2 × 10−1m, respectively. When the dry soil surface was covered with mulch, however, the steady-state value of the IR was 3.5 × 10−2m h−1for both soils. The high permeability of the soils during the rainstorm in the presence of mulch and the low steady-state IR values for the various prewetting treatments both suggest that the moisture regime in the profile had a negligible effect on the IR in the presence of soil crust. © 1989 The Williams & Wilkins.
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הספר "אוצר וולקני"
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תנאי שימוש
Water infiltration as affected by soil crust and moisture profile
148
Morin, J., Soil Erosion Research Station, Emeq Hefer, Israel
Keren, R., Institute of Soils and Water, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Benjamini, Y., Soil Erosion Research Station, Emeq Hefer, Israel
Ben-Hur, M., Institute of Soils and Water, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Shainberg, I., Institute of Soils and Water, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Water infiltration as affected by soil crust and moisture profile
The effect of wetting front depth on the infiltration rate (IR) of Calcic Haploxeralf and Typic Chromoxerert soils was studied under field conditions using a rainfall simulator. In both soils the IR decreased more sharply when the wetting front was deeper, but this difference became smaller as the rainstorm continued. The infiltration rate of the soils at the end of the rainstorm (8 × 10−2m) was 8.5 × 10−3, 6.3 × 10−3, and 5.0 × 10−3m h−1for the Calcic Haploxeralf soil prewetted with water at amounts equivalent to 0, 3 × 10−2, and 2 × 10−1m, respectively, and 1.5 × 10−3, and 1.0 × 10−3m h−1for the Typic Chromoxereret soil prewetted with water at amounts equivalent to 0, and 2 × 10−1m, respectively. When the dry soil surface was covered with mulch, however, the steady-state value of the IR was 3.5 × 10−2m h−1for both soils. The high permeability of the soils during the rainstorm in the presence of mulch and the low steady-state IR values for the various prewetting treatments both suggest that the moisture regime in the profile had a negligible effect on the IR in the presence of soil crust. © 1989 The Williams & Wilkins.
Scientific Publication
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