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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Adenylyl cyclase inhibitory pathway is differentially modified in rat white and brown fat by high-energy diets
Year:
1997
Authors :
פינס, מרק
;
.
Volume :
272
Co-Authors:
Kenan, Y.
Levinson, M.
Pines, M.
Naim, M., Inst. Biochem., Food Sci. and Nutr., Fac. Agric., Food Environ. Qual. S., Hebrew University of Jerusalem, PO Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
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Total pages:
1
)
Abstract:
Incubation of white adipose tissue (WAT) adipocytes from rats fed a high-energy diet (Exp group) with antilipolytic G(i)-coupled adenylyl cyclase inhibitory agonists, nicotinic acid (Nic) and N 6-(L-2- phenylisopropyl)adenosine (PIA), resulted in lower cellular adenosine 3',5'- cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) levels than in stimulated adipocytes from rats fed a nutritionally balanced diet (Con group). In contrast to WAT, incubation of brown adipose tissue (BAT) adipocytes with Nic yielded higher cAMP levels in the Exp vs. Con rats. In both WAT and BAT adipocytes, pertussis toxin treatment abolished the differences in Nic- and PIA-inhibited cAMP formation between Exp and Con animals. Immunoblotting of adipocyte membranes indicated a lower content of G(i)α but not G 8α in BAT membranes of Exp vs. Con animals after 6 and 10 wk of feeding. No such differences were found in the G 8α or G(i)α contents of WAT membranes. Thus the inhibitory pathway of adenylyl cyclase is proposed to be sensitized in WAT and desensitized in BAT of rats fed high-energy diets. These modifications in sensitivity are in line with reduced cAMP and lipolysis in WAT and increased cAMP and thermogenesis in BAT during obesity.
Note:
Related Files :
animal experiment
Animals
Cyclic AMP
Male
obesity
Pertussis toxin
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Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
21551
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:45
Scientific Publication
Adenylyl cyclase inhibitory pathway is differentially modified in rat white and brown fat by high-energy diets
272
Kenan, Y.
Levinson, M.
Pines, M.
Naim, M., Inst. Biochem., Food Sci. and Nutr., Fac. Agric., Food Environ. Qual. S., Hebrew University of Jerusalem, PO Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Adenylyl cyclase inhibitory pathway is differentially modified in rat white and brown fat by high-energy diets
Incubation of white adipose tissue (WAT) adipocytes from rats fed a high-energy diet (Exp group) with antilipolytic G(i)-coupled adenylyl cyclase inhibitory agonists, nicotinic acid (Nic) and N 6-(L-2- phenylisopropyl)adenosine (PIA), resulted in lower cellular adenosine 3',5'- cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) levels than in stimulated adipocytes from rats fed a nutritionally balanced diet (Con group). In contrast to WAT, incubation of brown adipose tissue (BAT) adipocytes with Nic yielded higher cAMP levels in the Exp vs. Con rats. In both WAT and BAT adipocytes, pertussis toxin treatment abolished the differences in Nic- and PIA-inhibited cAMP formation between Exp and Con animals. Immunoblotting of adipocyte membranes indicated a lower content of G(i)α but not G 8α in BAT membranes of Exp vs. Con animals after 6 and 10 wk of feeding. No such differences were found in the G 8α or G(i)α contents of WAT membranes. Thus the inhibitory pathway of adenylyl cyclase is proposed to be sensitized in WAT and desensitized in BAT of rats fed high-energy diets. These modifications in sensitivity are in line with reduced cAMP and lipolysis in WAT and increased cAMP and thermogenesis in BAT during obesity.
Scientific Publication
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