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Chemical treatments for increasing the digestibility of cotton straw
Year:
1983
Authors :
בן גדליה, דניאל
;
.
שפט, גד
;
.
Volume :
100
Co-Authors:
Ben-Ghedalia, D., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Shefet, G., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Dror, Y., Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
393
To page:
400
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:
The digestibility and rumen metabolism of diets containing as 50 % of their organic matter (OM), cotton straw (CS) untreated, treated with sodium hydroxide and treated with ozone, were studied in sheep cannulated in the rumen and at the duodenum with simple cannulae. The concentration of total volatile fatty acids (VFA) in the rumen of sheep given the ozone and NaOH treatments was higher than in the untreated diet; however, the VFA profiles were not different. The rumen dehydrogenase activity, suggested to reflect general microbial activity, was higher by 83 and 81 % in the ozone and NaOH treatments respectively, than in the untreated. Apparent digestibility of organic matter in the ozone-treated diet was 74.6%; 1.25 and 1.17 times higher than in the untreated and NaOH-treated diets respectively. The calculated values for organic matter and cell-wall digestibilities of the cotton straw in the complete diets were: 30.0,20.0; 60.8, 60.0; and 39.6, 39.7 %, respectively, for the untreated, ozone and NaOH-treated cotton straw. Nitrogen metabolism was not impaired by the presence of formic acid in the ozonated cotton straw; the apparent absorption of N from the intestine and the apparent digestibility of N were higher in the ozone-treated diet than in the untreated or NaOH-treated diet. The proportion of organic matter and cell walls digested in the rumen was higher in the NaOH and ozone treatments than in the untreated, and the possible reasons for that are discussed. A positive relationship was found between cell-wall digestion in the rumen (% of intake) and the rate of passage (% per h) of particulate matter from the rumen. The interpretation of this relationship is discussed in general and in view of the results of the present study. © 1983, Cambridge University Press. All rights reserved.
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More details
DOI :
10.1017/S0021859600033542
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
21771
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:46
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Scientific Publication
Chemical treatments for increasing the digestibility of cotton straw
100
Ben-Ghedalia, D., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Shefet, G., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Dror, Y., Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Chemical treatments for increasing the digestibility of cotton straw
The digestibility and rumen metabolism of diets containing as 50 % of their organic matter (OM), cotton straw (CS) untreated, treated with sodium hydroxide and treated with ozone, were studied in sheep cannulated in the rumen and at the duodenum with simple cannulae. The concentration of total volatile fatty acids (VFA) in the rumen of sheep given the ozone and NaOH treatments was higher than in the untreated diet; however, the VFA profiles were not different. The rumen dehydrogenase activity, suggested to reflect general microbial activity, was higher by 83 and 81 % in the ozone and NaOH treatments respectively, than in the untreated. Apparent digestibility of organic matter in the ozone-treated diet was 74.6%; 1.25 and 1.17 times higher than in the untreated and NaOH-treated diets respectively. The calculated values for organic matter and cell-wall digestibilities of the cotton straw in the complete diets were: 30.0,20.0; 60.8, 60.0; and 39.6, 39.7 %, respectively, for the untreated, ozone and NaOH-treated cotton straw. Nitrogen metabolism was not impaired by the presence of formic acid in the ozonated cotton straw; the apparent absorption of N from the intestine and the apparent digestibility of N were higher in the ozone-treated diet than in the untreated or NaOH-treated diet. The proportion of organic matter and cell walls digested in the rumen was higher in the NaOH and ozone treatments than in the untreated, and the possible reasons for that are discussed. A positive relationship was found between cell-wall digestion in the rumen (% of intake) and the rate of passage (% per h) of particulate matter from the rumen. The interpretation of this relationship is discussed in general and in view of the results of the present study. © 1983, Cambridge University Press. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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