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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Antibiotic resistance elements in wastewater treatment plants: Scope and potential impacts
Year:
2016
Authors :
סיטרין, אדי
;
.
קפלן, אלה
;
.
Volume :
44
Co-Authors:

Gatica, J., Department of Soil and Water, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Kaplan, E., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agriculture Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Cytryn, E.,  Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agriculture Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel

Facilitators :
From page:
129
To page:
153
(
Total pages:
25
)
Abstract:
Antibiotic resistance is considered to be one of the most significant public health concerns of the twenty-first century. Although traditionally the propagation of antibiotic resistance was considered to be limited to hospitals and other clinical environments, there is a growing realization that it is also associated with anthropogenically impacted environmental reservoirs. Wastewater treatment plants are considered to be significant reservoirs of antibiotic resistance because they combine extremely high levels of fecal- and environmental-derived bacteria with residual concentrations of antibiotic compounds believed to induce selection. These bacteria are primarily congregated in dense biofilms that are "hot spots" for horizontal gene transfer, which can facilitate inter- and intraspecies transfer of antibiotic genes, potentially resulting in the development of multidrug-resistant strains. Several studies have demonstrated that although wastewater treatment plants significantly reduce bacterial concentrations, relatively high levels of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and resistance genes are still present in effluents released to aquatic and soil environments and that under certain circumstances these resistance elements may persist for long periods of time in downstream environments. These elements may have significant epidemiological ramifications, especially when effluents enter drinking water and food webs; and henceforth, antibiotic resistance genes have recently been characterized as contaminants of emerging concern. This chapter summarizes current understanding of antibiotic resistance in wastewater treatment plants and downstream environments, presents knowledge gaps that need to be bridged in order to better understand the potential ramifications of this phenomenon, overviews the effect of disinfection treatments on antibiotic resistance elements, and finally discusses policy guidelines that should be implemented in the future to reduce the risks of antibiotic resistance from wastewater treatment plants. © 2016 Springer International Publishing Switzerland.
Note:
Related Files :
Antibiotic-resistant bacteria
antibiotic resistance
Antibiotic resistance genes
horizontal gene transfer
Mobile genetic element
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1007/698-2015-361
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
21778
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:46
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Scientific Publication
Antibiotic resistance elements in wastewater treatment plants: Scope and potential impacts
44

Gatica, J., Department of Soil and Water, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Kaplan, E., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agriculture Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Cytryn, E.,  Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agriculture Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel

Antibiotic resistance elements in wastewater treatment plants: Scope and potential impacts
Antibiotic resistance is considered to be one of the most significant public health concerns of the twenty-first century. Although traditionally the propagation of antibiotic resistance was considered to be limited to hospitals and other clinical environments, there is a growing realization that it is also associated with anthropogenically impacted environmental reservoirs. Wastewater treatment plants are considered to be significant reservoirs of antibiotic resistance because they combine extremely high levels of fecal- and environmental-derived bacteria with residual concentrations of antibiotic compounds believed to induce selection. These bacteria are primarily congregated in dense biofilms that are "hot spots" for horizontal gene transfer, which can facilitate inter- and intraspecies transfer of antibiotic genes, potentially resulting in the development of multidrug-resistant strains. Several studies have demonstrated that although wastewater treatment plants significantly reduce bacterial concentrations, relatively high levels of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and resistance genes are still present in effluents released to aquatic and soil environments and that under certain circumstances these resistance elements may persist for long periods of time in downstream environments. These elements may have significant epidemiological ramifications, especially when effluents enter drinking water and food webs; and henceforth, antibiotic resistance genes have recently been characterized as contaminants of emerging concern. This chapter summarizes current understanding of antibiotic resistance in wastewater treatment plants and downstream environments, presents knowledge gaps that need to be bridged in order to better understand the potential ramifications of this phenomenon, overviews the effect of disinfection treatments on antibiotic resistance elements, and finally discusses policy guidelines that should be implemented in the future to reduce the risks of antibiotic resistance from wastewater treatment plants. © 2016 Springer International Publishing Switzerland.
Scientific Publication
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