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Carbon Management
Joseph, S., School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia, Discipline of Chemistry, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
Graber, E.R., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, POB 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Chia, C., School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
Munroe, P., School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
Donne, S., Discipline of Chemistry, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia
Thomas, T., School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Centre for Marine Bio-Innovation, University of New South Wales, NSW 2052, Australia
Nielsen, S., School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Centre for Marine Bio-Innovation, University of New South Wales, NSW 2052, Australia
Marjo, C., Solid State and Elemental Analysis Unit, Mark Wainwright Analytical Centre, University of New South Wales, NSW 2052, Australia
Rutlidge, H., Solid State and Elemental Analysis Unit, Mark Wainwright Analytical Centre, University of New South Wales, NSW 2052, Australia
Pan, G.X., Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
Li, L., Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
Taylor, P., Biochar Solutions, 73 Mount Warning Road, Mount Warning, NSW 2484, Australia
Rawal, A., NMR Facility, Analytical Centre, University of New South Wales, NSW 2052, Australia
Hook, J., NMR Facility, Analytical Centre, University of New South Wales, NSW 2052, Australia
Many biochars have a complex carbon lattice structure with aromatic and aliphatic domains, acidic and basic groups, vacancies, metallic and non-metallic elements, and free radicals. Biochars also have separate mineral oxide, silicate and salt phases, and small and large organic molecules. In the rhizosphere, such constituents can be involved in chemical and biological processes along a soil-microbe-plant continuum, including nutrient cycling, metal chelation and stabilization, redox reactions, and free radical scavenging. It is hypothesized that the greater the amount of these nanoparticles and dissolved components, the greater will be plant and microbial responses. We provide suggestions for developing low-dose, high-efficiency biochar-nanoparticle composites, as well as initial field trial results and detailed characterization of such a biochar-fertilizer composite, to highlight the potential of such biochars. © 2013 Future Science Ltd.
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Shifting paradigms: Development of high-efficiency biochar fertilizers based on nano-structures and soluble components
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Joseph, S., School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia, Discipline of Chemistry, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
Graber, E.R., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, POB 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Chia, C., School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
Munroe, P., School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
Donne, S., Discipline of Chemistry, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia
Thomas, T., School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Centre for Marine Bio-Innovation, University of New South Wales, NSW 2052, Australia
Nielsen, S., School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Centre for Marine Bio-Innovation, University of New South Wales, NSW 2052, Australia
Marjo, C., Solid State and Elemental Analysis Unit, Mark Wainwright Analytical Centre, University of New South Wales, NSW 2052, Australia
Rutlidge, H., Solid State and Elemental Analysis Unit, Mark Wainwright Analytical Centre, University of New South Wales, NSW 2052, Australia
Pan, G.X., Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
Li, L., Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
Taylor, P., Biochar Solutions, 73 Mount Warning Road, Mount Warning, NSW 2484, Australia
Rawal, A., NMR Facility, Analytical Centre, University of New South Wales, NSW 2052, Australia
Hook, J., NMR Facility, Analytical Centre, University of New South Wales, NSW 2052, Australia
Shifting paradigms: Development of high-efficiency biochar fertilizers based on nano-structures and soluble components
Many biochars have a complex carbon lattice structure with aromatic and aliphatic domains, acidic and basic groups, vacancies, metallic and non-metallic elements, and free radicals. Biochars also have separate mineral oxide, silicate and salt phases, and small and large organic molecules. In the rhizosphere, such constituents can be involved in chemical and biological processes along a soil-microbe-plant continuum, including nutrient cycling, metal chelation and stabilization, redox reactions, and free radical scavenging. It is hypothesized that the greater the amount of these nanoparticles and dissolved components, the greater will be plant and microbial responses. We provide suggestions for developing low-dose, high-efficiency biochar-nanoparticle composites, as well as initial field trial results and detailed characterization of such a biochar-fertilizer composite, to highlight the potential of such biochars. © 2013 Future Science Ltd.
Scientific Publication
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