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Partitioning of [14C]sucrose and acid invertase activity in reproductive organs of pepper plants in relation to their abscission under heat stress
Year:
1991
Source of publication :
Annals of Botany
Authors :
אלוני, בנימין
;
.
פשקר, תמרה
;
.
קרני, לאה
;
.
Volume :
67
Co-Authors:
Facilitators :
From page:
371
To page:
377
(
Total pages:
7
)
Abstract:
The effect of heat stress on processes related to carbohydrate partitioning was investigated in young bell pepper (Capsicum annum L. cv. Maor) plants in relation to abscission of their reproductive organs at different stages of development.None of the reproductive organs abscised after 5 d in a normal day/night temperature regime (25/18 °C). With a temperature regime of 35 °C day, 25 °C night, abscission occurred in only a small portion of the flower buds and none of the flowers and fruitlets. However, when temperatures in the day and night were reversed (25/35 °C, day/night) all the buds and some of the flowers abscised during that time period. The young fruit at the first node did not abscise under any temperature regime. The abscission rate of the flower buds was reduced under heat stress if the developing fruit at the first node had been removed.High temperature during either the light or dark periods reduced the export of [14C]sucrose from the source leaf (fed for 48 h with [14C]sucrose).Both heat stress and fruit presence reduced the relative amount of [14C]sucrose which was exported to the flower buds, flowers and roots. Likewise, these treatments reduced the concentration of reducing sugars in the reproductive organs. Concomitantly, the heat stress and fruit presence on the first node reduced the activity of soluble acid invertase in the flower buds and the roots, but not in young leaves.Overall, the results show that heat stress causes alternation in sucrose distribution in the plant, but may also have specific effects on metabolic activities related to sucrose import and utilization in flower buds and flowers which in turn may enhance their abscission. © 1991 Oxford University Press.
Note:
Related Files :
(Capsicum annuum L. cv. Maor)
abscission
Acid invertase
Bell pepper
heat stress
reproductive organs
Sink leaves
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
22007
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:48
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Scientific Publication
Partitioning of [14C]sucrose and acid invertase activity in reproductive organs of pepper plants in relation to their abscission under heat stress
67
Partitioning of [14C]sucrose and acid invertase activity in reproductive organs of pepper plants in relation to their abscission under heat stress
The effect of heat stress on processes related to carbohydrate partitioning was investigated in young bell pepper (Capsicum annum L. cv. Maor) plants in relation to abscission of their reproductive organs at different stages of development.None of the reproductive organs abscised after 5 d in a normal day/night temperature regime (25/18 °C). With a temperature regime of 35 °C day, 25 °C night, abscission occurred in only a small portion of the flower buds and none of the flowers and fruitlets. However, when temperatures in the day and night were reversed (25/35 °C, day/night) all the buds and some of the flowers abscised during that time period. The young fruit at the first node did not abscise under any temperature regime. The abscission rate of the flower buds was reduced under heat stress if the developing fruit at the first node had been removed.High temperature during either the light or dark periods reduced the export of [14C]sucrose from the source leaf (fed for 48 h with [14C]sucrose).Both heat stress and fruit presence reduced the relative amount of [14C]sucrose which was exported to the flower buds, flowers and roots. Likewise, these treatments reduced the concentration of reducing sugars in the reproductive organs. Concomitantly, the heat stress and fruit presence on the first node reduced the activity of soluble acid invertase in the flower buds and the roots, but not in young leaves.Overall, the results show that heat stress causes alternation in sucrose distribution in the plant, but may also have specific effects on metabolic activities related to sucrose import and utilization in flower buds and flowers which in turn may enhance their abscission. © 1991 Oxford University Press.
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