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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Acute heat stress brings down milk secretion in dairy cows by up-regulating the activity of the milk-borne negative feedback regulatory system
Year:
2009
Source of publication :
BMC Physiology
Authors :
סילניקוב, ניסים
;
.
שינדר, דמיטרי
;
.
שפירו, פירה
;
.
Volume :
9
Co-Authors:
Silanikove, N., Biology of Lactation Laboratory, Inst. of Animal Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Shapiro, F., Biology of Lactation Laboratory, Inst. of Animal Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Shinder, D., Biology of Lactation Laboratory, Inst. of Animal Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
To page:
(
Total pages:
1
)
Abstract:
Background. The objective of this study was to determine if acute heat stress (HS) decreases milk secretion by activating the milk-borne negative feedback system, as an emergency physiological response to prevent a life-threatening situation. To induce HS, summer acclimatized dairy cows were exposed to full sun under mid-summer Mediterranean conditions, with and without conventional cooling procedures. Results. Exposure to HS induced a rapid and acute (within 24 h) reduction in milk yield in proportion to the heat load. This decrease was moderated by cooler night-time ambient temperature. The reduction in milk yield was associated with corresponding responses in plasminogen activator/plasminogen-plasmin activities, and with increased activity (concentration) of the (128) N-terminal fragment peptide that is released by plasmin from -casein (-CN (128)). These metabolites constitute the regulatory negative feedback system. Previously, it has been shown that -CN (128) down-regulated milk secretion by blocking potassium channels on the apical aspects of the mammary epithelial cells. Conclusion. Here we demonstrate that the potassium channels in mammary tissue became more susceptible to -CN (128) activity under HS. Thus, the present study highlighted two previously unreported features of this regulatory system: (i) that it modulates rapidly in response to stressor impact variations; and (ii) that the regulations of the mammary epithelial potassium channel sensitivity to the inhibitory effect of -CN (128) is part of the regulatory system. © 2009 Silanikove et al.
Note:
Related Files :
Animal
animal experiment
Animals
cattle
dairy cattle
Female
heat stress
lactation
milk
milk yield
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1186/1472-6793-9-13
Article number:
13
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
22033
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:48
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Scientific Publication
Acute heat stress brings down milk secretion in dairy cows by up-regulating the activity of the milk-borne negative feedback regulatory system
9
Silanikove, N., Biology of Lactation Laboratory, Inst. of Animal Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Shapiro, F., Biology of Lactation Laboratory, Inst. of Animal Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Shinder, D., Biology of Lactation Laboratory, Inst. of Animal Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Acute heat stress brings down milk secretion in dairy cows by up-regulating the activity of the milk-borne negative feedback regulatory system
Background. The objective of this study was to determine if acute heat stress (HS) decreases milk secretion by activating the milk-borne negative feedback system, as an emergency physiological response to prevent a life-threatening situation. To induce HS, summer acclimatized dairy cows were exposed to full sun under mid-summer Mediterranean conditions, with and without conventional cooling procedures. Results. Exposure to HS induced a rapid and acute (within 24 h) reduction in milk yield in proportion to the heat load. This decrease was moderated by cooler night-time ambient temperature. The reduction in milk yield was associated with corresponding responses in plasminogen activator/plasminogen-plasmin activities, and with increased activity (concentration) of the (128) N-terminal fragment peptide that is released by plasmin from -casein (-CN (128)). These metabolites constitute the regulatory negative feedback system. Previously, it has been shown that -CN (128) down-regulated milk secretion by blocking potassium channels on the apical aspects of the mammary epithelial cells. Conclusion. Here we demonstrate that the potassium channels in mammary tissue became more susceptible to -CN (128) activity under HS. Thus, the present study highlighted two previously unreported features of this regulatory system: (i) that it modulates rapidly in response to stressor impact variations; and (ii) that the regulations of the mammary epithelial potassium channel sensitivity to the inhibitory effect of -CN (128) is part of the regulatory system. © 2009 Silanikove et al.
Scientific Publication
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