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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
The mating status of mothers and offspring sex affect clutch size in a polyembryonic parasitoid wasp
Year:
2011
Source of publication :
Animal Behaviour
Authors :
הררי, אלי
;
.
Volume :
81
Co-Authors:
Morag, N., Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University, Israel, Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University, PO Box 653, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel
Bouskila, A., Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University, Israel, Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University, PO Box 653, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel
Rapp, O., Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University, Israel, Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University, PO Box 653, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel
Segoli, M., Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University, Israel, Department of Entomology, University of California, Davis, Israel, Department of Entomology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States
Keasar, T., Department of Biology, University of Haifa, Oranim, Israel, Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Haifa, Oranim, Tivon 36006, Israel
Harari, A.R., Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University, Israel, Department of Entomology, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
865
To page:
870
(
Total pages:
6
)
Abstract:
Mothers can modify the phenotype of their offspring both genetically and epigenetically, in response to the environment they experience. The role of maternal experience in affecting offspring clutch size is often difficult to measure, because parent-offspring conflict over this trait is common. In polyembryonic parasitoids, where each egg proliferates to form a clone of genetically identical siblings, the conflict is minimized. Therefore, they are good models for studying maternal effects on clutch size. In the haplodiploid parasitoid wasp Copidosoma koehleri, female clones contain more individuals than male clones. This may result from differences in genome size or in optimal body size between the sexes. Alternatively, maternal mating may mediate epigenetic physiological changes in eggs, leading to increased proliferation. We evaluated these hypotheses by comparing the body size and number of clone mates produced by mated versus virgin females. Sons of mated females were significantly smaller and formed larger clones than sons of virgins. Daughters formed the largest clones, but resembled sons of mated females in body size. Clone sizes of parents and offspring were not correlated. These findings suggest that both offspring sex and maternal experience (mating status) affect clone size, and that this trait's heritability is low. The increased proliferation by offspring of mated females may enhance paternal fitness by producing extra daughters, or benefit the offspring under conditions where the associated decrease in body size does not greatly reduce fitness. We estimated the contribution of large body size to male reproductive success through a mate choice assay. © 2011 The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour.
Note:
Related Files :
clone
Copidosoma koehleri
epigenetics
fitness
genetic analysis
life history trait
phenotype
sibling
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.anbehav.2011.01.026
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
22150
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:49
Scientific Publication
The mating status of mothers and offspring sex affect clutch size in a polyembryonic parasitoid wasp
81
Morag, N., Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University, Israel, Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University, PO Box 653, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel
Bouskila, A., Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University, Israel, Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University, PO Box 653, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel
Rapp, O., Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University, Israel, Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University, PO Box 653, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel
Segoli, M., Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University, Israel, Department of Entomology, University of California, Davis, Israel, Department of Entomology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States
Keasar, T., Department of Biology, University of Haifa, Oranim, Israel, Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Haifa, Oranim, Tivon 36006, Israel
Harari, A.R., Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University, Israel, Department of Entomology, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Israel
The mating status of mothers and offspring sex affect clutch size in a polyembryonic parasitoid wasp
Mothers can modify the phenotype of their offspring both genetically and epigenetically, in response to the environment they experience. The role of maternal experience in affecting offspring clutch size is often difficult to measure, because parent-offspring conflict over this trait is common. In polyembryonic parasitoids, where each egg proliferates to form a clone of genetically identical siblings, the conflict is minimized. Therefore, they are good models for studying maternal effects on clutch size. In the haplodiploid parasitoid wasp Copidosoma koehleri, female clones contain more individuals than male clones. This may result from differences in genome size or in optimal body size between the sexes. Alternatively, maternal mating may mediate epigenetic physiological changes in eggs, leading to increased proliferation. We evaluated these hypotheses by comparing the body size and number of clone mates produced by mated versus virgin females. Sons of mated females were significantly smaller and formed larger clones than sons of virgins. Daughters formed the largest clones, but resembled sons of mated females in body size. Clone sizes of parents and offspring were not correlated. These findings suggest that both offspring sex and maternal experience (mating status) affect clone size, and that this trait's heritability is low. The increased proliferation by offspring of mated females may enhance paternal fitness by producing extra daughters, or benefit the offspring under conditions where the associated decrease in body size does not greatly reduce fitness. We estimated the contribution of large body size to male reproductive success through a mate choice assay. © 2011 The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour.
Scientific Publication
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