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Postharvest Biology and Technology
Feygenberg, O., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Keinan, A., Tzemach Subtropical Experimental Station, Emek Hayarden 1510501, Israel
Kobiler, I., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Falik, E., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Pesis, E., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Lers, A., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Prusky, D., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Mango fruit are exposed to complex postharvest handling management, intended to improve postharvest quality retention during export shipment. Susceptibility to lenticel discoloration and to Alternaria side rots and Phomopsis stem-end rot under current handling conditions led us to re-evaluate and modify the chain of postharvest treatments, from the orchard to the packinghouse. The previously developed hot-water brushing (HWB) treatment was found effective in reducing incidence of Alternaria and stem-end rots, but it significantly induced development of red lenticels. Two factors were key to improving fruit quality, by simultaneously reducing lenticel discoloration and decay development: (a) postharvest water and/or NaOH washes in the orchard, and (b) hot-water spray (HWS) applied over rollers without brushes in the packinghouse. The present results indicate that optimal management involves combinations of water washes in the orchard with packinghouse HWS treatment; this significantly reduced the severity of lenticel discoloration by 50-60%, and the incidence and extent of postharvest side rots caused by Alternaria by 60% or more. These results indicate that appropriate handling of fruit can appreciably improve their quality during prolonged storage and shipment. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
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הספר "אוצר וולקני"
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תנאי שימוש
Improved management of mango fruit though orchard and packinghouse treatments to reduce lenticel discoloration and prevent decay
91
Feygenberg, O., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Keinan, A., Tzemach Subtropical Experimental Station, Emek Hayarden 1510501, Israel
Kobiler, I., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Falik, E., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Pesis, E., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Lers, A., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Prusky, D., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Improved management of mango fruit though orchard and packinghouse treatments to reduce lenticel discoloration and prevent decay
Mango fruit are exposed to complex postharvest handling management, intended to improve postharvest quality retention during export shipment. Susceptibility to lenticel discoloration and to Alternaria side rots and Phomopsis stem-end rot under current handling conditions led us to re-evaluate and modify the chain of postharvest treatments, from the orchard to the packinghouse. The previously developed hot-water brushing (HWB) treatment was found effective in reducing incidence of Alternaria and stem-end rots, but it significantly induced development of red lenticels. Two factors were key to improving fruit quality, by simultaneously reducing lenticel discoloration and decay development: (a) postharvest water and/or NaOH washes in the orchard, and (b) hot-water spray (HWS) applied over rollers without brushes in the packinghouse. The present results indicate that optimal management involves combinations of water washes in the orchard with packinghouse HWS treatment; this significantly reduced the severity of lenticel discoloration by 50-60%, and the incidence and extent of postharvest side rots caused by Alternaria by 60% or more. These results indicate that appropriate handling of fruit can appreciably improve their quality during prolonged storage and shipment. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
Scientific Publication
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