חיפוש מתקדם
Poultry Science
Piestun, Y., Institute of Animal Science, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel, Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Halevy, O., Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Yahav, S., Institute of Animal Science, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
This study aimed to elucidate the effects of thermal manipulations (TM) of broiler embryos, during the development of the thyroid and adrenal axis, on embryo development and metabolism. Cobb eggs were divided into 3 treatments: control, 24H-continuous TM at 39.5°C and 65% RH from embryonic day 7 to 16 inclusive, and 12H-intermittent TM for 12 h/d in the same period. Only the 24H treatment negatively affect-ed embryo growth and development, with lower rela-tive weights of embryo, liver, and pipping muscle. Dur-ing TM, eggshell temperature, heart rate, and oxygen consumption were elevated as embryos were in their ectothermic phase, but from the end of the TM until hatch, these parameters were significantly lower in both treatments than in the control. Moreover, plasma con-centrations of the thyroid hormones were significantly lower in the 2 treatments during and after TM, until hatch. Plasma corticosterone concentration of the TM-treated embryos was significantly lower after the TM but significantly higher at hatch. It was concluded that TM during the development of the thyroid and adrenal axis lowered their functional set point, thus lowering metabolic rate during embryogenesis and at hatch. © 2009 Poultry Science Association Inc.
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Thermal manipulations of broiler embryos-The effect on thermoregulation and development during embryogenesis
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Piestun, Y., Institute of Animal Science, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel, Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Halevy, O., Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Yahav, S., Institute of Animal Science, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Thermal manipulations of broiler embryos-The effect on thermoregulation and development during embryogenesis
This study aimed to elucidate the effects of thermal manipulations (TM) of broiler embryos, during the development of the thyroid and adrenal axis, on embryo development and metabolism. Cobb eggs were divided into 3 treatments: control, 24H-continuous TM at 39.5°C and 65% RH from embryonic day 7 to 16 inclusive, and 12H-intermittent TM for 12 h/d in the same period. Only the 24H treatment negatively affect-ed embryo growth and development, with lower rela-tive weights of embryo, liver, and pipping muscle. Dur-ing TM, eggshell temperature, heart rate, and oxygen consumption were elevated as embryos were in their ectothermic phase, but from the end of the TM until hatch, these parameters were significantly lower in both treatments than in the control. Moreover, plasma con-centrations of the thyroid hormones were significantly lower in the 2 treatments during and after TM, until hatch. Plasma corticosterone concentration of the TM-treated embryos was significantly lower after the TM but significantly higher at hatch. It was concluded that TM during the development of the thyroid and adrenal axis lowered their functional set point, thus lowering metabolic rate during embryogenesis and at hatch. © 2009 Poultry Science Association Inc.
Scientific Publication
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