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Soaking of complete fattening rations high in poor roughage 1. The effect of moisture content and spontaneous fermentation on nutritional value
Year:
1975
Source of publication :
Animal Production
Authors :
הולצר, צבי
;
.
וולקני, רענן
;
.
Volume :
21
Co-Authors:
Holzer, Z., Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Regional Experiment Station, Haifa, Israel
Levy, D., Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Regional Experiment Station, Haifa, Israel
Tagari, H., Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Regional Experiment Station, Haifa, Israel, The Hebrew University, Faculty of Agriculture, Rehovo, Israel
Volcani, R., Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Regional Experiment Station, Haifa, Israel, The Hebrew University, Faculty of Agriculture, Rehovo, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
323
To page:
335
(
Total pages:
13
)
Abstract:
The effect of three moisture concentrations (10, 50 and 75%) and of four fermentation conditions (none, 24 hr aerobic, and 24 and 48 hr anaerobic) on the nutritive value of two complete fattening diets containing 25 and 45% poor roughage, was examined in three digestion and nitrogen balance trials, each of Latin square design, in cattle. Fermentation increased the lactic acid and volatile fatty acid concentrations of the feed, decreased its pH and the crude fibre content, and caused losses of dry matter. There were non-significant differences in voluntary intake between the dry and soaked diets. The apparent digestibility of dry and organic matter, crude protein, nitrogen-free extract and crude fibre was non-significantly improved by added moisture. There were no consistent differences in nitrogen retention. The average metabolizable energy values (ME) observed for both diets were 6% higher than those calculated. There were no significant differences in the apparent digestibility of gross energy or in ME value between treatments of different moisture content. The fluctuations in pH of rumen liquor during the day differed markedly when the animals received different levels of roughage. These differences were greater when the feed was allowed to ferment. Soaking of feed resulted in a significant increase in the concentration of propionic acid in the rumen liquor, and a non-significant decrease in that of acetic acid. Consequently the C2/C3 ratio was significantly lower on the moist feed treatments. There were no consistent differences in concentration of ammonia in the rumen liquor, or of urea in the blood. © 1975, British Society of Animal Science. All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
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More details
DOI :
10.1017/S0003356100030798
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
22434
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:51
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Scientific Publication
Soaking of complete fattening rations high in poor roughage 1. The effect of moisture content and spontaneous fermentation on nutritional value
21
Holzer, Z., Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Regional Experiment Station, Haifa, Israel
Levy, D., Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Regional Experiment Station, Haifa, Israel
Tagari, H., Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Regional Experiment Station, Haifa, Israel, The Hebrew University, Faculty of Agriculture, Rehovo, Israel
Volcani, R., Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Regional Experiment Station, Haifa, Israel, The Hebrew University, Faculty of Agriculture, Rehovo, Israel
Soaking of complete fattening rations high in poor roughage 1. The effect of moisture content and spontaneous fermentation on nutritional value
The effect of three moisture concentrations (10, 50 and 75%) and of four fermentation conditions (none, 24 hr aerobic, and 24 and 48 hr anaerobic) on the nutritive value of two complete fattening diets containing 25 and 45% poor roughage, was examined in three digestion and nitrogen balance trials, each of Latin square design, in cattle. Fermentation increased the lactic acid and volatile fatty acid concentrations of the feed, decreased its pH and the crude fibre content, and caused losses of dry matter. There were non-significant differences in voluntary intake between the dry and soaked diets. The apparent digestibility of dry and organic matter, crude protein, nitrogen-free extract and crude fibre was non-significantly improved by added moisture. There were no consistent differences in nitrogen retention. The average metabolizable energy values (ME) observed for both diets were 6% higher than those calculated. There were no significant differences in the apparent digestibility of gross energy or in ME value between treatments of different moisture content. The fluctuations in pH of rumen liquor during the day differed markedly when the animals received different levels of roughage. These differences were greater when the feed was allowed to ferment. Soaking of feed resulted in a significant increase in the concentration of propionic acid in the rumen liquor, and a non-significant decrease in that of acetic acid. Consequently the C2/C3 ratio was significantly lower on the moist feed treatments. There were no consistent differences in concentration of ammonia in the rumen liquor, or of urea in the blood. © 1975, British Society of Animal Science. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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