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אסיף מאגר המחקר החקלאי
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Pesticide soil sorption parameters: Theory, measurement, uses, limitations and reliability
Year:
2002
Source of publication :
Pest Management Science
Authors :
גרסטל, זאב
;
.
Volume :
58
Co-Authors:
Wauchope, R.D., US Department of Agriculture, Tifton, GA, United States, US Department of Agriculture - Agricultural Research Service, PO Box 748, Tifton, GA 31794, United States
Yeh, S., Syngenta Crop Protection, Richmond, CA, United States
Linders, J.B.H.J., National Institute for Public Health and Environment, Bilthoven, Netherlands
Kloskowski, R., BBA Chemistry Division, Braunschweig, Germany
Tanaka, K., Sankyo Co. Ltd., Yasu, Yasu-cho, Yasu-gun, Japan
Rubin, B., Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
Katayama, A., Nagoya University, Chikusa Nagoya, Japan
Kördel, W., Fraunhofer Institute of Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology, Schmallenberg, Germany
Gerstl, Z., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Lane, M., Syngenta Crop Protection, Jealotts Hill, Bracknell, Berks, United Kingdom
Unsworth, J.B., Aventis CropScience, Lyon, France
Facilitators :
From page:
419
To page:
445
(
Total pages:
27
)
Abstract:
The soil sorption coefficient Kd and the soil organic carbon sorption coefficient KOC of pesticides are basic parameters used by environmental scientists and regulatory agencies worldwide in describing the environmental fate and behavior of pesticides. They are a measure of the strength of sorption of pesticides to soils and other geosorbent surfaces at the water/solid interface, and are thus directly related to both environmental mobility and persistence. KOC is regarded as a 'universal' parameter related to the hydrophobicity of the pesticide molecule, which applies to a given pesticide in all soils. This assumption is known to be inexact, but it is used in this way in modeling and estimating risk for pesticide leaching and runoff. In this report we examine the theory, uses, measurement or estimation, limitations and reliability of these parameters and provide some 'rules of thumb' for the use of these parameters in describing the behavior and fate of pesticides in the environment, especially in analysis by modeling. © 2002 Society of Chemical Industry.
Note:
Related Files :
Adsorption
metabolism
pesticides
runoff
soil
soil pollution
water
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1002/ps.489
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
סקירה
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
22540
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:52
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Scientific Publication
Pesticide soil sorption parameters: Theory, measurement, uses, limitations and reliability
58
Wauchope, R.D., US Department of Agriculture, Tifton, GA, United States, US Department of Agriculture - Agricultural Research Service, PO Box 748, Tifton, GA 31794, United States
Yeh, S., Syngenta Crop Protection, Richmond, CA, United States
Linders, J.B.H.J., National Institute for Public Health and Environment, Bilthoven, Netherlands
Kloskowski, R., BBA Chemistry Division, Braunschweig, Germany
Tanaka, K., Sankyo Co. Ltd., Yasu, Yasu-cho, Yasu-gun, Japan
Rubin, B., Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
Katayama, A., Nagoya University, Chikusa Nagoya, Japan
Kördel, W., Fraunhofer Institute of Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology, Schmallenberg, Germany
Gerstl, Z., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Lane, M., Syngenta Crop Protection, Jealotts Hill, Bracknell, Berks, United Kingdom
Unsworth, J.B., Aventis CropScience, Lyon, France
Pesticide soil sorption parameters: Theory, measurement, uses, limitations and reliability
The soil sorption coefficient Kd and the soil organic carbon sorption coefficient KOC of pesticides are basic parameters used by environmental scientists and regulatory agencies worldwide in describing the environmental fate and behavior of pesticides. They are a measure of the strength of sorption of pesticides to soils and other geosorbent surfaces at the water/solid interface, and are thus directly related to both environmental mobility and persistence. KOC is regarded as a 'universal' parameter related to the hydrophobicity of the pesticide molecule, which applies to a given pesticide in all soils. This assumption is known to be inexact, but it is used in this way in modeling and estimating risk for pesticide leaching and runoff. In this report we examine the theory, uses, measurement or estimation, limitations and reliability of these parameters and provide some 'rules of thumb' for the use of these parameters in describing the behavior and fate of pesticides in the environment, especially in analysis by modeling. © 2002 Society of Chemical Industry.
Scientific Publication
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