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קהילה:
אסיף מאגר המחקר החקלאי
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Hortisim: A model for greenhouse crops and greenhouse climate
Year:
1998
Source of publication :
Acta Horticulturae
Authors :
דיין, אהוד
;
.
כהן, שבתאי
;
.
פוקס, מרסל
;
.
Volume :
456
Co-Authors:
Gijzen, H., Wageningen Agricultural University, Dept. of Horticulture, Haagsteeg 3, 6708 PM Wageningen, Netherlands
Heuvelink, E., Wageningen Agricultural University, Dept. of Horticulture, Haagsteeg 3, 6708 PM Wageningen, Netherlands
Challa, H., Wageningen Agricultural University, Dept. of Horticulture, Haagsteeg 3, 6708 PM Wageningen, Netherlands
Dayan, E., Institute of Soils and Water, Agricultural Research Organisation, Besor Experimental Station, Negev 85400, Israel
Marcelis, L.F.M., Research Institute for Agrobiology and Soil Fertility, AB-DLO, P.O. Box 14, 6700 AA Wageningen, Netherlands
Cohen, S., Institute of Soils and Water Agricultural Research Organisation, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Fuchs, M., Institute of Soils and Water Agricultural Research Organisation, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
441
To page:
450
(
Total pages:
10
)
Abstract:
A combined model for crop production and climate in greenhouses, HORTISIM, was developed. Existing models, developed by several research groups, of various aspects of crop growth and greenhouse climate have been integrated. HORTISIM contains 7 submodels (Weather, Greenhouse Climate, Soil, Crop, Greenhouse Manager, -Soil Manager and Crop Manager) plus a simulation process manager (the "Engine"). Climate conditions inside the greenhouse can be calculated from outdoor weather. The use of energy, CO2 and water can be quantified. Crop photosynthesis, dry matter production, dry matter partitioning and individual fruit growth in fruit vegetable crops can be simulated. Validation of the energy balance of a Venlo-type glasshouse with a tomato crop in The Netherlands showed that difference between simulated and measured instantaneous air temperature was mostly less than 2°C (average deviation was 0.53°C). Crop transpiration and dry matter production have been validated for Dutch and Israeli conditions. Daytime crop transpiration was simulated reasonably well, being overestimated on average by 8% for tomato in The Netherlands and 1% for sweet pepper in Israel. The Israeli results were quite sensitive to the choice of using mid-canopy or above-canopy temperature and VPD measurements as model input. In many situations simulated dry matter production agreed well with experimental data, although dry matter production of sweet pepper in Israeli greenhouses was overestimated by 28%. Dry matter partitioning in sweet pepper was simulated rather well when simulation was based on organ sink strengths, with dates of anthesis and harvest of non-aborted fruits as model input.
Note:
Related Files :
Crop growth
Dry matter production
energy balance
Simulation
Sweet pepper
tomato
transpiration
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר מתוך כינוס
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
22806
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:54
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Scientific Publication
Hortisim: A model for greenhouse crops and greenhouse climate
456
Gijzen, H., Wageningen Agricultural University, Dept. of Horticulture, Haagsteeg 3, 6708 PM Wageningen, Netherlands
Heuvelink, E., Wageningen Agricultural University, Dept. of Horticulture, Haagsteeg 3, 6708 PM Wageningen, Netherlands
Challa, H., Wageningen Agricultural University, Dept. of Horticulture, Haagsteeg 3, 6708 PM Wageningen, Netherlands
Dayan, E., Institute of Soils and Water, Agricultural Research Organisation, Besor Experimental Station, Negev 85400, Israel
Marcelis, L.F.M., Research Institute for Agrobiology and Soil Fertility, AB-DLO, P.O. Box 14, 6700 AA Wageningen, Netherlands
Cohen, S., Institute of Soils and Water Agricultural Research Organisation, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Fuchs, M., Institute of Soils and Water Agricultural Research Organisation, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Hortisim: A model for greenhouse crops and greenhouse climate
A combined model for crop production and climate in greenhouses, HORTISIM, was developed. Existing models, developed by several research groups, of various aspects of crop growth and greenhouse climate have been integrated. HORTISIM contains 7 submodels (Weather, Greenhouse Climate, Soil, Crop, Greenhouse Manager, -Soil Manager and Crop Manager) plus a simulation process manager (the "Engine"). Climate conditions inside the greenhouse can be calculated from outdoor weather. The use of energy, CO2 and water can be quantified. Crop photosynthesis, dry matter production, dry matter partitioning and individual fruit growth in fruit vegetable crops can be simulated. Validation of the energy balance of a Venlo-type glasshouse with a tomato crop in The Netherlands showed that difference between simulated and measured instantaneous air temperature was mostly less than 2°C (average deviation was 0.53°C). Crop transpiration and dry matter production have been validated for Dutch and Israeli conditions. Daytime crop transpiration was simulated reasonably well, being overestimated on average by 8% for tomato in The Netherlands and 1% for sweet pepper in Israel. The Israeli results were quite sensitive to the choice of using mid-canopy or above-canopy temperature and VPD measurements as model input. In many situations simulated dry matter production agreed well with experimental data, although dry matter production of sweet pepper in Israeli greenhouses was overestimated by 28%. Dry matter partitioning in sweet pepper was simulated rather well when simulation was based on organ sink strengths, with dates of anthesis and harvest of non-aborted fruits as model input.
Scientific Publication
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