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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Effect of feeding long or short wheat hay v. wheat silage in the ration of lactating cows on intake, milk production and digestibility
Year:
2017
Source of publication :
Animal
Authors :
שעני, יואב
;
.
Volume :
11
Co-Authors:
Shaani, Y., Department of Ruminant Science, Agricultural Research Organization, HaMaccabim Road 68, P.O.B 15159 Rishon LeZion 7528809, Israel, Department of Animal Sciences, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food, and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Nikbachat, M., Department of Ruminant Science, Agricultural Research Organization, HaMaccabim Road 68, P.O.B 15159 Rishon LeZion 7528809, Israel
Yosef, E., Department of Ruminant Science, Agricultural Research Organization, HaMaccabim Road 68, P.O.B 15159 Rishon LeZion 7528809, Israel
Ben-Meir, Y., Department of Ruminant Science, Agricultural Research Organization, HaMaccabim Road 68, P.O.B 15159 Rishon LeZion 7528809, Israel
Mizrahi, I., Dept of Life Science, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Ben-Gurion University, P.O. Box 653 Beer-Sheva, Israel
Miron, J., Department of Ruminant Science, Agricultural Research Organization, HaMaccabim Road 68, P.O.B 15159 Rishon LeZion 7528809, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
2203
To page:
2210
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:
The objective of this study was to evaluate in lactating cows the effect of either chopping or ensiling of wheat roughage on: intake, digestibility, lactation performance and animal behavior. Three groups of 14 lactating cows each, were fed total mixed rations (TMRs) based on either long wheat hay (HL), short wheat hay (HS) or wheat silage (SI), as the sole roughage source (30% of TMR dry matter (DM)). Parameters examined: sorting behavior, DM intake, milk yield and composition, rumination, recumbence, average daily rumen pH, digesta passage rate, and in-vivo digestibility. Performance data was summarized by day and analyzed using a proc-mixed model. The content of physically effective neutral detergent fiber (peNDF) was similar in the HL and SI and lower in the HS, resulting in similar differences among the three corresponding TMRs. In vitro DM digestibility of wheat silage was higher than that of the two hays (65.6% v. 62.8%) resulting in higher in vitro DM digestibility of the SI-TMR compared with the hay-based TMRs (79.3 v. 77.0%). HS-TMR was better than HL- or SI-TMRs at preventing feed sorting by cows after 12 or 24 h eating of the diets. Cows fed HS-TMR consumed more DM and NDF but less peNDF than the other two groups. Average daily rumen pH was similar in the three groups, but daily rumination time was highest in the cows fed HS-TMR. Rumen retention time was longest in cows fed HL-TMR. DM digestibility in cows fed SI-TMR was higher than that of HS and HL groups (65.2%, 61.8% and 62.4%, respectively), but NDF digestibility was similar in the three treatments. The highest intake of digestible DM was observed in cows fed SI-TMR, HS cows were intermediate and HL cows were the lowest. Consequently, cows fed SI-TMR had higher yields of milk, 4% fat corrected milk and energy-corrected milk (47.1, 42.9 and 43.2 kg/day, respectively) than cows fed HS-TMR (45.7, 41.0 and 41.0 kg/day, respectively) or HL-TMR (44.1, 40.3 and 40.3 kg/day, respectively). Net energy production (NEL+M+gain) per kg DM intake was highest in the SI-TMR, lowest in the HS-TMR and intermediate in the HL-TMR (1.52, 1.40 and 1.45, respectively). Animal welfare, as expressed in daily recumbence time and BW gain was similar in the SI and HS groups and higher than the HL cows. © The Animal Consortium 2017
Note:
Related Files :
Digestibility
forage particle size
lactating cow performance
Rumination
wheat hay or silage
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1017/S1751731117001100
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
22992
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:56
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Effect of feeding long or short wheat hay v. wheat silage in the ration of lactating cows on intake, milk production and digestibility
11
Shaani, Y., Department of Ruminant Science, Agricultural Research Organization, HaMaccabim Road 68, P.O.B 15159 Rishon LeZion 7528809, Israel, Department of Animal Sciences, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food, and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Nikbachat, M., Department of Ruminant Science, Agricultural Research Organization, HaMaccabim Road 68, P.O.B 15159 Rishon LeZion 7528809, Israel
Yosef, E., Department of Ruminant Science, Agricultural Research Organization, HaMaccabim Road 68, P.O.B 15159 Rishon LeZion 7528809, Israel
Ben-Meir, Y., Department of Ruminant Science, Agricultural Research Organization, HaMaccabim Road 68, P.O.B 15159 Rishon LeZion 7528809, Israel
Mizrahi, I., Dept of Life Science, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Ben-Gurion University, P.O. Box 653 Beer-Sheva, Israel
Miron, J., Department of Ruminant Science, Agricultural Research Organization, HaMaccabim Road 68, P.O.B 15159 Rishon LeZion 7528809, Israel
Effect of feeding long or short wheat hay v. wheat silage in the ration of lactating cows on intake, milk production and digestibility
The objective of this study was to evaluate in lactating cows the effect of either chopping or ensiling of wheat roughage on: intake, digestibility, lactation performance and animal behavior. Three groups of 14 lactating cows each, were fed total mixed rations (TMRs) based on either long wheat hay (HL), short wheat hay (HS) or wheat silage (SI), as the sole roughage source (30% of TMR dry matter (DM)). Parameters examined: sorting behavior, DM intake, milk yield and composition, rumination, recumbence, average daily rumen pH, digesta passage rate, and in-vivo digestibility. Performance data was summarized by day and analyzed using a proc-mixed model. The content of physically effective neutral detergent fiber (peNDF) was similar in the HL and SI and lower in the HS, resulting in similar differences among the three corresponding TMRs. In vitro DM digestibility of wheat silage was higher than that of the two hays (65.6% v. 62.8%) resulting in higher in vitro DM digestibility of the SI-TMR compared with the hay-based TMRs (79.3 v. 77.0%). HS-TMR was better than HL- or SI-TMRs at preventing feed sorting by cows after 12 or 24 h eating of the diets. Cows fed HS-TMR consumed more DM and NDF but less peNDF than the other two groups. Average daily rumen pH was similar in the three groups, but daily rumination time was highest in the cows fed HS-TMR. Rumen retention time was longest in cows fed HL-TMR. DM digestibility in cows fed SI-TMR was higher than that of HS and HL groups (65.2%, 61.8% and 62.4%, respectively), but NDF digestibility was similar in the three treatments. The highest intake of digestible DM was observed in cows fed SI-TMR, HS cows were intermediate and HL cows were the lowest. Consequently, cows fed SI-TMR had higher yields of milk, 4% fat corrected milk and energy-corrected milk (47.1, 42.9 and 43.2 kg/day, respectively) than cows fed HS-TMR (45.7, 41.0 and 41.0 kg/day, respectively) or HL-TMR (44.1, 40.3 and 40.3 kg/day, respectively). Net energy production (NEL+M+gain) per kg DM intake was highest in the SI-TMR, lowest in the HS-TMR and intermediate in the HL-TMR (1.52, 1.40 and 1.45, respectively). Animal welfare, as expressed in daily recumbence time and BW gain was similar in the SI and HS groups and higher than the HL cows. © The Animal Consortium 2017
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