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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Parasitoid encapsulation as a defense mechanism in the Coccoidea (Homoptera) and its importance in biological control
Year:
1997
Source of publication :
biological control (source)
Authors :
בלומברג, דניאל
;
.
Volume :
8
Co-Authors:
Blumberg, D., Department of Entomology, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
225
To page:
236
(
Total pages:
12
)
Abstract:
Encapsulation is a common defense mechanism exerted by a host insect in response to invasion by a metazoan parasitoid or other foreign organisms. In the process of encapsulation, the host forms a capsule around the parasitoid egg or larva, which is usually composed of host blood cells and the pigment melanin. The capsule may kill the parasitoid and thus prevent successful parasitism. Encapsulation may adversely affect the degree of biological control effected by parasitoids as it may either prevent the establishment of exotic parasitoids in new regions or reduce parasitoid efficacy. A high incidence of encapsulation may also cause difficulties in mass rearing of parasitoids. In the Coccoidea (Homoptera), parasitoid encapsulation has so far been recorded in three families: Coccidae (soft scale insects), Diaspididae (armored scale insects), and Pseudococcidae (mealybugs). Important factors that affect the frequency of parasitoid encapsulation in the Coccoidea include: Host and parasitoid species, the host's physiological age and physiological condition, the host origin (or strain), superparasitism, the rearing and/or ambient temperature, and the host plant. The effects of these factors on the incidence of parasitoid encapsulation in the Coccidae, Diaspididae, and Pseudococcidae are described.
Note:
Related Files :
armored scale insects
biological control
Coccoidea
Encyrtidae
host-parasitoid relationships
Mealybugs
soft scale insects
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1006/bcon.1997.0502
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
סקירה
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
23137
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:57
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Scientific Publication
Parasitoid encapsulation as a defense mechanism in the Coccoidea (Homoptera) and its importance in biological control
8
Blumberg, D., Department of Entomology, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Parasitoid encapsulation as a defense mechanism in the Coccoidea (Homoptera) and its importance in biological control
Encapsulation is a common defense mechanism exerted by a host insect in response to invasion by a metazoan parasitoid or other foreign organisms. In the process of encapsulation, the host forms a capsule around the parasitoid egg or larva, which is usually composed of host blood cells and the pigment melanin. The capsule may kill the parasitoid and thus prevent successful parasitism. Encapsulation may adversely affect the degree of biological control effected by parasitoids as it may either prevent the establishment of exotic parasitoids in new regions or reduce parasitoid efficacy. A high incidence of encapsulation may also cause difficulties in mass rearing of parasitoids. In the Coccoidea (Homoptera), parasitoid encapsulation has so far been recorded in three families: Coccidae (soft scale insects), Diaspididae (armored scale insects), and Pseudococcidae (mealybugs). Important factors that affect the frequency of parasitoid encapsulation in the Coccoidea include: Host and parasitoid species, the host's physiological age and physiological condition, the host origin (or strain), superparasitism, the rearing and/or ambient temperature, and the host plant. The effects of these factors on the incidence of parasitoid encapsulation in the Coccidae, Diaspididae, and Pseudococcidae are described.
Scientific Publication
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