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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Effects of applying variable temperature conditions around inflorescences on fertilization and fruit set in date palms
Year:
2016
Source of publication :
Scientia Horticulturae
Authors :
איש-שלום, מזל
;
.
כהן, יובל
;
.
סלווקוביץ', פיליפ
;
.
צמח, חניתה
;
.
קמנצקי, רינה
;
.
Volume :
202
Co-Authors:
Slavković, F., Institute of Plant Sciences, Volcani Research Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel, Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Am Mühlenberg 1, Potsdam, Germany
Greenberg, A., Southern Arava R andD, Yotvata, Israel
Sadowsky, A., Southern Arava R andD, Yotvata, Israel
Zemach, H., Institute of Plant Sciences, Volcani Research Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Ish-Shalom, M., Institute of Plant Sciences, Volcani Research Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Kamenetsky, R., Institute of Plant Sciences, Volcani Research Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Cohen, Y., Institute of Plant Sciences, Volcani Research Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
83
To page:
90
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:
Control of pollination and fertilization in date palm is essential for the development of high-quality fruit. Pollen is harvested from male trees and mechanically applied to inflorescences on female trees. An overly high rate of fruit set may cause excessive fruit load, requiring expensive fruit thinning to prevent reduction in fruit size and marketability. On the other hand, inefficient pollination results in lower yield. Although the female flower has three separate carpels, only one develops into a fruit; the others degenerate. Non-fertilized flowers may develop into parthenocarpic singlet or triplet fruit, which have no commercial value. Environmental conditions affect fertilization and fruit development. The current study characterizes fertilization and early fruit development in date palm under different temperature conditions. The date palm is a very large tree. To study environmental effects on its reproductive biology, special units, termed "modular phytotrons", were designed for this research. They were assembled on pollinated inflorescences of whole 'Medjoul' date trees in the orchard, enabling modification of temperature regimes in planta. Pollen-tube growth, fertilization, fruitlet formation and carpel degeneration, as well as early development of parthenocarpic fruit were defined and characterized by macro- and microscopic analyses. Relatively low temperatures applied during plant fertilization significantly decreased pollen germination rate, enhanced formation of parthenocarpic fruit and reduced normal fruit development. The significance of these results to horticultural practices during fertilization and fruit thinning is discussed. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
Note:
Related Files :
'Medjoul'
Controlled environmental conditions
Date palm
parthenocarpy
Phoenix dactylifera
pollination
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.scienta.2016.02.030
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
23307
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:58
Scientific Publication
Effects of applying variable temperature conditions around inflorescences on fertilization and fruit set in date palms
202
Slavković, F., Institute of Plant Sciences, Volcani Research Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel, Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Am Mühlenberg 1, Potsdam, Germany
Greenberg, A., Southern Arava R andD, Yotvata, Israel
Sadowsky, A., Southern Arava R andD, Yotvata, Israel
Zemach, H., Institute of Plant Sciences, Volcani Research Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Ish-Shalom, M., Institute of Plant Sciences, Volcani Research Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Kamenetsky, R., Institute of Plant Sciences, Volcani Research Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Cohen, Y., Institute of Plant Sciences, Volcani Research Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Effects of applying variable temperature conditions around inflorescences on fertilization and fruit set in date palms
Control of pollination and fertilization in date palm is essential for the development of high-quality fruit. Pollen is harvested from male trees and mechanically applied to inflorescences on female trees. An overly high rate of fruit set may cause excessive fruit load, requiring expensive fruit thinning to prevent reduction in fruit size and marketability. On the other hand, inefficient pollination results in lower yield. Although the female flower has three separate carpels, only one develops into a fruit; the others degenerate. Non-fertilized flowers may develop into parthenocarpic singlet or triplet fruit, which have no commercial value. Environmental conditions affect fertilization and fruit development. The current study characterizes fertilization and early fruit development in date palm under different temperature conditions. The date palm is a very large tree. To study environmental effects on its reproductive biology, special units, termed "modular phytotrons", were designed for this research. They were assembled on pollinated inflorescences of whole 'Medjoul' date trees in the orchard, enabling modification of temperature regimes in planta. Pollen-tube growth, fertilization, fruitlet formation and carpel degeneration, as well as early development of parthenocarpic fruit were defined and characterized by macro- and microscopic analyses. Relatively low temperatures applied during plant fertilization significantly decreased pollen germination rate, enhanced formation of parthenocarpic fruit and reduced normal fruit development. The significance of these results to horticultural practices during fertilization and fruit thinning is discussed. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
Scientific Publication
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