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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Puddles - A trigger for heterogeneous chemical influx into the unsaturated zone
Year:
2015
Source of publication :
Chemosphere
Authors :
גרסטל, זאב
;
.
Volume :
134
Co-Authors:
Zentner, E., Ben Gurion University of the Negev, BIDR Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Department of Environmental Hydrology and Microbiology, Sede Boqer Campus, Israel
Weisbrod, N., Ben Gurion University of the Negev, BIDR Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Department of Environmental Hydrology and Microbiology, Sede Boqer Campus, Israel
Gerstl, Z., Institute of Soils, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agriculture Research Organization - Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Gasser, G., Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Casali Center of Applied Chemistry, Institute of Chemistry, The Edmond J. Safra Campus - Givat Ram, Jerusalem, Israel
Ronen, D., Ben Gurion University of the Negev, BIDR Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Department of Environmental Hydrology and Microbiology, Sede Boqer Campus, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
217
To page:
223
(
Total pages:
7
)
Abstract:
Spatial heterogeneity in the chemical concentration of interstitial water in the vadose zone was previously observed under apparently homogeneous surface conditions on two leveled fields sprinkler irrigated with treated sewage effluents on the phreatic Coastal Plain aquifer of Israel. This phenomenon greatly hampers the monitoring of groundwater quality. In this study we report on the presence of puddles of different size and shape that were sporadically observed in these fields. Temporal variability noted in the concentration of treated sewage effluents components in the puddles were considered to be related to evapotranspiration and degradation. For example: increases in the electrical conductivity (up to 1.32 mS/cm), and in the concentrations of chloride (up to 521 mg/L), dissolved organic carbon (up to 28.4 mg/L), and carbamazepine (up to 780 ng/L) and decreases in the concentrations of nitrate (up to 20.1 mg/L) and caffeine (3396 ng/L). Variable trends in concentration were observed for sulfamethoxazole, venlafaxine, 10-hydroxy-10,11-dihydrocarbamazepine and o-desmethylvenlafaxine. The presence of puddles was not necessarily related to areas with high irrigation water input. It is postulated that the continuous chemical variability in the puddles, whose location and size are also variable, determine a heterogeneous influx of solutes into the soil and subsequently into the vadose zone. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.
Note:
Related Files :
aquifers
evapotranspiration
groundwater
irrigation
Israel
sewage
soil
vadose zone
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.04.061
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
23344
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:58
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Scientific Publication
Puddles - A trigger for heterogeneous chemical influx into the unsaturated zone
134
Zentner, E., Ben Gurion University of the Negev, BIDR Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Department of Environmental Hydrology and Microbiology, Sede Boqer Campus, Israel
Weisbrod, N., Ben Gurion University of the Negev, BIDR Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Department of Environmental Hydrology and Microbiology, Sede Boqer Campus, Israel
Gerstl, Z., Institute of Soils, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agriculture Research Organization - Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Gasser, G., Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Casali Center of Applied Chemistry, Institute of Chemistry, The Edmond J. Safra Campus - Givat Ram, Jerusalem, Israel
Ronen, D., Ben Gurion University of the Negev, BIDR Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Department of Environmental Hydrology and Microbiology, Sede Boqer Campus, Israel
Puddles - A trigger for heterogeneous chemical influx into the unsaturated zone
Spatial heterogeneity in the chemical concentration of interstitial water in the vadose zone was previously observed under apparently homogeneous surface conditions on two leveled fields sprinkler irrigated with treated sewage effluents on the phreatic Coastal Plain aquifer of Israel. This phenomenon greatly hampers the monitoring of groundwater quality. In this study we report on the presence of puddles of different size and shape that were sporadically observed in these fields. Temporal variability noted in the concentration of treated sewage effluents components in the puddles were considered to be related to evapotranspiration and degradation. For example: increases in the electrical conductivity (up to 1.32 mS/cm), and in the concentrations of chloride (up to 521 mg/L), dissolved organic carbon (up to 28.4 mg/L), and carbamazepine (up to 780 ng/L) and decreases in the concentrations of nitrate (up to 20.1 mg/L) and caffeine (3396 ng/L). Variable trends in concentration were observed for sulfamethoxazole, venlafaxine, 10-hydroxy-10,11-dihydrocarbamazepine and o-desmethylvenlafaxine. The presence of puddles was not necessarily related to areas with high irrigation water input. It is postulated that the continuous chemical variability in the puddles, whose location and size are also variable, determine a heterogeneous influx of solutes into the soil and subsequently into the vadose zone. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.
Scientific Publication
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