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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Heat stress in lactating dairy cows: A review
Year:
2002
Source of publication :
Livestock Production Science
Authors :
מלץ, אפרים
;
.
סילניקוב, ניסים
;
.
Volume :
77
Co-Authors:
Kadzere, C.T., Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, United States
Murphy, M.R., Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, United States
Silanikove, N., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50 250, Israel
Maltz, E., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50 250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
59
To page:
91
(
Total pages:
33
)
Abstract:
Our objective was to provide a review of factors influencing heat stress in lactating dairy cows and how it affects milk production. In warmer parts of the world, during summer months in the United States, and in other temperate regions, reduced milk production resulting from heat stress counteracts tremendous genetic progress achieved in increasing milk production. Genetic progress in milk production is closely related to increased feed intake. High feed intake results in raised metabolic heat increment. High metabolic heat increment requires effective thermoregulatory mechanisms to maintain body temperature in a thermoneutral zone and in physiological homeostasis. Cows can succumb to hyperthermia if they fail to maintain thermoneutrality. Accurate measurement of when cows enter heat stress is complicated because the responses to heat stress affect not only the energy balance, but also water, sodium, potassium and chlorine metabolism. Water, sodium, potassium and chlorine are important constituents of sweat, and sweating is a major, if not the most important, thermoregulatory mechanism used to dissipate excess body heat. Due to high metabolic heat increment, and especially in the warmer months, high-producing dairy cows may enter heat stress much earlier than their lower-producing counterparts and than currently thought, or extra heat has been accommodated by physiological adaptations. Should this be the case, then strategies to reduce heat stress must be developed to enable cows to express their full genetic potential. The thermoneutral zone, heat production and heat gain, heat dissipation mechanisms, and how the lactating cow responds to heat stress are discussed. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
Bos taurus
dairy cattle
heat stress
lactating cows
Responses
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1016/S0301-6226(01)00330-X
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
סקירה
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
23355
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:58
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Scientific Publication
Heat stress in lactating dairy cows: A review
77
Kadzere, C.T., Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, United States
Murphy, M.R., Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, United States
Silanikove, N., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50 250, Israel
Maltz, E., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50 250, Israel
Heat stress in lactating dairy cows: A review
Our objective was to provide a review of factors influencing heat stress in lactating dairy cows and how it affects milk production. In warmer parts of the world, during summer months in the United States, and in other temperate regions, reduced milk production resulting from heat stress counteracts tremendous genetic progress achieved in increasing milk production. Genetic progress in milk production is closely related to increased feed intake. High feed intake results in raised metabolic heat increment. High metabolic heat increment requires effective thermoregulatory mechanisms to maintain body temperature in a thermoneutral zone and in physiological homeostasis. Cows can succumb to hyperthermia if they fail to maintain thermoneutrality. Accurate measurement of when cows enter heat stress is complicated because the responses to heat stress affect not only the energy balance, but also water, sodium, potassium and chlorine metabolism. Water, sodium, potassium and chlorine are important constituents of sweat, and sweating is a major, if not the most important, thermoregulatory mechanism used to dissipate excess body heat. Due to high metabolic heat increment, and especially in the warmer months, high-producing dairy cows may enter heat stress much earlier than their lower-producing counterparts and than currently thought, or extra heat has been accommodated by physiological adaptations. Should this be the case, then strategies to reduce heat stress must be developed to enable cows to express their full genetic potential. The thermoneutral zone, heat production and heat gain, heat dissipation mechanisms, and how the lactating cow responds to heat stress are discussed. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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