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Journal of Dairy Science
Maltz, E., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel.
Silanikove, N., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel.
Shalit, U., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel.
Berman, A., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel.
The presumption that water, Na, K, and Cl homeostasis is affected by the initiation of lactation, especially in hot weather, was examined. The study was conducted using five Israel Holstein cows at 1 to 2 wk before parturition (period 1) and at 2 wk (initiation of lactation) and 7 wk (established lactation) postpartum (periods 2 and 3, respectively). In period 1, most water intake was related to feed (in the absence of overt Na or osmotic stimuli). In contrast, during lactation, drinking was probably a combined response to feed-related and hypertonicity stimuli. Diurnal fluctuations in plasma ions, frequency of drinking, and volume ingested at each drinking increased postpartum. In period 2, plasma ion concentrations still were regulated around mean values, which was not the case in period 3, during which large diurnal variation in mean values occurred. The lowest values and highest variabilities were recorded in period 3 at midday. With the transition from the dry period to lactation, plasma concentrations of Na and Cl were reduced and became more labile, but the relationships between them remained stable. Plasma K seemed to vary independently of the two other ions. The reduced homeostatic efficiency of plasma ions during early and established lactation in hot weather may have consisted of an accumulation of their deficiencies, enhanced excretion of K in sweat, and sequestration of Na and Cl in the rumen.
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Diurnal fluctuations in plasma ions and water intake of dairy cows as affected by lactation in warm weather.
77
Maltz, E., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel.
Silanikove, N., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel.
Shalit, U., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel.
Berman, A., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel.
Diurnal fluctuations in plasma ions and water intake of dairy cows as affected by lactation in warm weather.
The presumption that water, Na, K, and Cl homeostasis is affected by the initiation of lactation, especially in hot weather, was examined. The study was conducted using five Israel Holstein cows at 1 to 2 wk before parturition (period 1) and at 2 wk (initiation of lactation) and 7 wk (established lactation) postpartum (periods 2 and 3, respectively). In period 1, most water intake was related to feed (in the absence of overt Na or osmotic stimuli). In contrast, during lactation, drinking was probably a combined response to feed-related and hypertonicity stimuli. Diurnal fluctuations in plasma ions, frequency of drinking, and volume ingested at each drinking increased postpartum. In period 2, plasma ion concentrations still were regulated around mean values, which was not the case in period 3, during which large diurnal variation in mean values occurred. The lowest values and highest variabilities were recorded in period 3 at midday. With the transition from the dry period to lactation, plasma concentrations of Na and Cl were reduced and became more labile, but the relationships between them remained stable. Plasma K seemed to vary independently of the two other ions. The reduced homeostatic efficiency of plasma ions during early and established lactation in hot weather may have consisted of an accumulation of their deficiencies, enhanced excretion of K in sweat, and sequestration of Na and Cl in the rumen.
Scientific Publication
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