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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Characterization of lateral root development at the onset of storage root initiation in 'Beauregard' sweetpotato adventitious roots
Year:
2012
Source of publication :
HortScience
Authors :
פירון, נורית
;
.
Volume :
47
Co-Authors:
Villordon, A., LSU AgCenter Sweet Potato Research Station, 130 Sweet Potato Road, Chase, LA 71324, United States
LaBonte, D., LSU AgCenter School of Plant, Environmental, and Soil Sciences, 137 J.C. Miller Hall, Baton Rouge, LA 70803-2120, United States
Solis, J., LSU AgCenter School of Plant, Environmental, and Soil Sciences, 137 J.C. Miller Hall, Baton Rouge, LA 70803-2120, United States
Firon, N., Institute of Plant Sciences, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
961
To page:
968
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:
This study characterized lateral root (LR) development attributes during the onset of storage root (SR) initiation stage in 'Beauregard' sweetpotato. SR initiation has been defined as the appearance of cambia around the protoxylem and secondary xylem elements. Our results showed that 20-day-old adventitious roots (ARs) classified as SRs had 53% and 85% greater mean LR count than pencil roots (PRs) and lignified roots (LGs), respectively. SRs had 53% and 78% greater mean LR density relative to PRs and LGs, respectively. SRs had 66% and 130% greater mean total LR length than PRs and LGs, respectively. SRs had lower mean main root (MR)/LR length ratio compared with PRs (-38%) and LGs (-60%). SRs had 70% and 134% greater mean surface area than PRs and LGs, respectively. SRs had lower mean MR/LR surface area ratio compared with PRs (-42%) and LGs (-62%). The plot of the first and second principal components revealed the presence of a gradient between extreme LG and SR clusters, suggesting a developmental transition between LGs and SRs with PRs representing an intermediate developmental stage. Although AR architecture is not the sole determinant of SR formation, our data help provide a basis for integrating AR architecture attributes with other factors that are known to influence SR initiation. Growth substrate moisture variability influenced LR development during the critical SR initiation period. Relative to the control treatments, water deprivation 10 to 20 days after transplanting (DAT) reduced mean LR count, length, and surface area by 49%, 103%, and 94%, respectively. Saturated conditions 10 to 20 DAT reduced mean LR count, length, and surface area by 75%, 81%, and 77%, respectively. These results represent the first evidence for the association between anatomical cues of SR initiation and root architecture and provide corroborating data that soil moisture variability 10 to 20 DAT directly influences SR yield potential through AR architecture modifications that are associated with diminished SR formation. This information can be used to further optimize SR yield by identifying agroclimatic and management variables that are associated with desirable LR development during the critical SR initiation stage.
Note:
Related Files :
Anomalous cambium
Ipomoea batatas
Lateral root density
Lignified roots
Pencil roots
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
23403
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:59
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Scientific Publication
Characterization of lateral root development at the onset of storage root initiation in 'Beauregard' sweetpotato adventitious roots
47
Villordon, A., LSU AgCenter Sweet Potato Research Station, 130 Sweet Potato Road, Chase, LA 71324, United States
LaBonte, D., LSU AgCenter School of Plant, Environmental, and Soil Sciences, 137 J.C. Miller Hall, Baton Rouge, LA 70803-2120, United States
Solis, J., LSU AgCenter School of Plant, Environmental, and Soil Sciences, 137 J.C. Miller Hall, Baton Rouge, LA 70803-2120, United States
Firon, N., Institute of Plant Sciences, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Characterization of lateral root development at the onset of storage root initiation in 'Beauregard' sweetpotato adventitious roots
This study characterized lateral root (LR) development attributes during the onset of storage root (SR) initiation stage in 'Beauregard' sweetpotato. SR initiation has been defined as the appearance of cambia around the protoxylem and secondary xylem elements. Our results showed that 20-day-old adventitious roots (ARs) classified as SRs had 53% and 85% greater mean LR count than pencil roots (PRs) and lignified roots (LGs), respectively. SRs had 53% and 78% greater mean LR density relative to PRs and LGs, respectively. SRs had 66% and 130% greater mean total LR length than PRs and LGs, respectively. SRs had lower mean main root (MR)/LR length ratio compared with PRs (-38%) and LGs (-60%). SRs had 70% and 134% greater mean surface area than PRs and LGs, respectively. SRs had lower mean MR/LR surface area ratio compared with PRs (-42%) and LGs (-62%). The plot of the first and second principal components revealed the presence of a gradient between extreme LG and SR clusters, suggesting a developmental transition between LGs and SRs with PRs representing an intermediate developmental stage. Although AR architecture is not the sole determinant of SR formation, our data help provide a basis for integrating AR architecture attributes with other factors that are known to influence SR initiation. Growth substrate moisture variability influenced LR development during the critical SR initiation period. Relative to the control treatments, water deprivation 10 to 20 days after transplanting (DAT) reduced mean LR count, length, and surface area by 49%, 103%, and 94%, respectively. Saturated conditions 10 to 20 DAT reduced mean LR count, length, and surface area by 75%, 81%, and 77%, respectively. These results represent the first evidence for the association between anatomical cues of SR initiation and root architecture and provide corroborating data that soil moisture variability 10 to 20 DAT directly influences SR yield potential through AR architecture modifications that are associated with diminished SR formation. This information can be used to further optimize SR yield by identifying agroclimatic and management variables that are associated with desirable LR development during the critical SR initiation stage.
Scientific Publication
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