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קהילה:
אסיף מאגר המחקר החקלאי
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Distribution of mating types and diversity in virulence of Didymella rabiei in Israel
Year:
2005
Authors :
גמליאל-אטינסקי, אפרת
;
.
פרנקל, עומר
;
.
שטיינברג, דני
;
.
שרמן, עמיר
;
.
Volume :
113
Co-Authors:
Lichtenzveig, J., Department of Field Crops, Vegetables and Genetics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Gamliel, E., Department of Plant Pathology, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Frenkel, O., Department of Field Crops, Vegetables and Genetics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, 76100, Israel, Department of Plant Pathology, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Michaelido, S., Department of Field Crops, Vegetables and Genetics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Abbo, S., Department of Field Crops, Vegetables and Genetics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Sherman, A., Department of Genomics, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Shtienberg, D., Department of Plant Pathology, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
15
To page:
24
(
Total pages:
10
)
Abstract:
The distribution of mating types and diversity in virulence of Didymella rabiei populations were studied in Israel from 1997 to 1999. Forty-one monoconidial D. rabiei isolates from 18 commercial fields distributed among all the chickpea production areas of the country were paired with MAT1-1 and MAT1-2 mating type tester isolates of D. rabiei. Both mating types were found in all chickpea production areas of the country. Of the 18 fields sampled, MAT1-1 was observed in 44%, and MAT1-2 in 88% of the sites. In some sites both mating types were present in close proximity, suggesting that sexual reproduction of the pathogen was feasible. The contribution of sexual reproduction of the fungus to virulence diversity was tested on detached leaves of six differential chickpea cultivars. Nine isolates were derived from different well separated foci (derived from ascospores as inoculum) and eight isolates were derived from a single, well defined infection focus (derived from sister conidia). In the analyses of variance the cultivar x isolate interaction showed no significant (P of F>0.09) effect on disease incidence; the chickpea cultivars differed significantly (P of F<0.0001) in their response to D. rabiei; and the isolate effect was highly significant (P of F = 0.0007) for the conidial population, but not significant (P of F>0.1) among isolates of the ascosporic population. Nevertheless, when comparing a cultivar at a time, the ascosporic and conidial populations did not differ significantly (P of F>0.1) in their virulence diversity. Virulence of 41 isolates collected from the different chickpea fields was tested on detached leaves of four Israeli cultivars that differ in their field response to D. rabiei. The cultivar x isolate interaction showed no significant effect (P of F = 0.95) on disease incidence. The main effects of cultivar and isolate on disease incidence were highly significant (P of F<0.0001). Accordingly, our data do not support the hypothesis that there is pathogenic specialization in the D. rabiei-C. arietinum pathosystem in Israel. © Springer 2005.
Note:
Related Files :
Ascochyta
chickpea
Cicer arietinum
fungi
Israel
Middle East
Mycosphaerella rabiei
reproductive biology
virulence
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1007/s10658-005-8914-2
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
23469
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:59
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Scientific Publication
Distribution of mating types and diversity in virulence of Didymella rabiei in Israel
113
Lichtenzveig, J., Department of Field Crops, Vegetables and Genetics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Gamliel, E., Department of Plant Pathology, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Frenkel, O., Department of Field Crops, Vegetables and Genetics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, 76100, Israel, Department of Plant Pathology, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Michaelido, S., Department of Field Crops, Vegetables and Genetics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Abbo, S., Department of Field Crops, Vegetables and Genetics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Sherman, A., Department of Genomics, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Shtienberg, D., Department of Plant Pathology, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Distribution of mating types and diversity in virulence of Didymella rabiei in Israel
The distribution of mating types and diversity in virulence of Didymella rabiei populations were studied in Israel from 1997 to 1999. Forty-one monoconidial D. rabiei isolates from 18 commercial fields distributed among all the chickpea production areas of the country were paired with MAT1-1 and MAT1-2 mating type tester isolates of D. rabiei. Both mating types were found in all chickpea production areas of the country. Of the 18 fields sampled, MAT1-1 was observed in 44%, and MAT1-2 in 88% of the sites. In some sites both mating types were present in close proximity, suggesting that sexual reproduction of the pathogen was feasible. The contribution of sexual reproduction of the fungus to virulence diversity was tested on detached leaves of six differential chickpea cultivars. Nine isolates were derived from different well separated foci (derived from ascospores as inoculum) and eight isolates were derived from a single, well defined infection focus (derived from sister conidia). In the analyses of variance the cultivar x isolate interaction showed no significant (P of F>0.09) effect on disease incidence; the chickpea cultivars differed significantly (P of F<0.0001) in their response to D. rabiei; and the isolate effect was highly significant (P of F = 0.0007) for the conidial population, but not significant (P of F>0.1) among isolates of the ascosporic population. Nevertheless, when comparing a cultivar at a time, the ascosporic and conidial populations did not differ significantly (P of F>0.1) in their virulence diversity. Virulence of 41 isolates collected from the different chickpea fields was tested on detached leaves of four Israeli cultivars that differ in their field response to D. rabiei. The cultivar x isolate interaction showed no significant effect (P of F = 0.95) on disease incidence. The main effects of cultivar and isolate on disease incidence were highly significant (P of F<0.0001). Accordingly, our data do not support the hypothesis that there is pathogenic specialization in the D. rabiei-C. arietinum pathosystem in Israel. © Springer 2005.
Scientific Publication
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