נגישות
menu      
חיפוש מתקדם
Wang, X., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Institute of Technology and Storage of Agriculture Products, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
Kobiler, I., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Institute of Technology and Storage of Agriculture Products, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
Lichter, A., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Institute of Technology and Storage of Agriculture Products, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
Leikin-Frenkel, A., Minerva Center, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Pesis, E., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Institute of Technology and Storage of Agriculture Products, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
Prusky, D., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Institute of Technology and Storage of Agriculture Products, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
The preformed (Z,Z)-1-acetoxy-2-hydroxy-4-oxo-heneicosa-12,15-diene (AFD) is the most active antifungal compound in avocado; it affects the quiescence of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides in unripe fruit. Ethylene treatment (40 μg l-1) of freshly harvested avocado fruits cv. Fuerte enhanced the expression patterns of genes encoding Δ12 fatty acid desaturase (avfad12-3), fatty acid elongase (AVFAE, avfae1), their respective enzymatic activities, and the level of the AFD. Application of the ethylene-action inhibitor 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) after harvest and prior to ethylene treatment resulted in inhibition of: avfad12-3 and avfae1 transcription, enzymatic activities and AFD accumulation. 1-MCP treatment of fruit harvested 280 and 360 days after fruit set delayed fruit softening and reduced their AFD content compared with that in untreated fruits. However, decay symptoms caused by C. gloeosporioides were differentially affected by 1-MCP treatment after harvest. In the early-harvested fruits, the initial level of the AFD was 1820 μg g-1 fresh wt and the inhibition of the AFD synthesis by 1-MCP did not reduce it below its threshold for inhibiting C. gloeosporioides. In contrast, in the late-harvested fruits, the initial level of the AFD was only 950 μg g-1 fresh wt, and the 1-MCP treatment reduced the level of the AFD below its inhibition threshold, enabling fungal development in unripe fruits. These results demonstrate temporal relationships among fruit firmness, the synthesis of the precursor of AFD, the AFD content, and quiescence of C. gloeosporioides, and suggest that in avocado fruits, the processes of fruit ripening and AFD induction are independent processes that are differentially affected by ethylene action during fruit ripening. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
1-MCP prevents ethylene-induced accumulation of antifungal diene in avocado fruit
67
Wang, X., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Institute of Technology and Storage of Agriculture Products, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
Kobiler, I., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Institute of Technology and Storage of Agriculture Products, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
Lichter, A., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Institute of Technology and Storage of Agriculture Products, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
Leikin-Frenkel, A., Minerva Center, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Pesis, E., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Institute of Technology and Storage of Agriculture Products, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
Prusky, D., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Institute of Technology and Storage of Agriculture Products, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
1-MCP prevents ethylene-induced accumulation of antifungal diene in avocado fruit
The preformed (Z,Z)-1-acetoxy-2-hydroxy-4-oxo-heneicosa-12,15-diene (AFD) is the most active antifungal compound in avocado; it affects the quiescence of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides in unripe fruit. Ethylene treatment (40 μg l-1) of freshly harvested avocado fruits cv. Fuerte enhanced the expression patterns of genes encoding Δ12 fatty acid desaturase (avfad12-3), fatty acid elongase (AVFAE, avfae1), their respective enzymatic activities, and the level of the AFD. Application of the ethylene-action inhibitor 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) after harvest and prior to ethylene treatment resulted in inhibition of: avfad12-3 and avfae1 transcription, enzymatic activities and AFD accumulation. 1-MCP treatment of fruit harvested 280 and 360 days after fruit set delayed fruit softening and reduced their AFD content compared with that in untreated fruits. However, decay symptoms caused by C. gloeosporioides were differentially affected by 1-MCP treatment after harvest. In the early-harvested fruits, the initial level of the AFD was 1820 μg g-1 fresh wt and the inhibition of the AFD synthesis by 1-MCP did not reduce it below its threshold for inhibiting C. gloeosporioides. In contrast, in the late-harvested fruits, the initial level of the AFD was only 950 μg g-1 fresh wt, and the 1-MCP treatment reduced the level of the AFD below its inhibition threshold, enabling fungal development in unripe fruits. These results demonstrate temporal relationships among fruit firmness, the synthesis of the precursor of AFD, the AFD content, and quiescence of C. gloeosporioides, and suggest that in avocado fruits, the processes of fruit ripening and AFD induction are independent processes that are differentially affected by ethylene action during fruit ripening. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
You may also be interested in